Welcome to Acta Agronomica Sinica,

Acta Agron Sin ›› 2010, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (3): 466-476.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2010.00466


Effects of Different Cultivation Patterns on the Yield and Physiological Characteristics in Mid-Season Japonica Rrice

XUE Ya-Guang1,CHEN Ting-Ting1,YANG Cheng2,WANG Zhi-Qin1,LIU Li-Jun1,YANG Jian-Chang1*   

  1. 1Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Physiology of Jiangsu Province, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China; 2 Donghai Farm of Jiangsu Province, Donghai 222312, China
  • Received:2009-09-19 Revised:2009-12-08 Online:2010-03-12 Published:2010-01-22
  • Contact: YANG Jian-Chang,E-mail:jcyang@yzu.edu.cn


Rice is one of the most important food crops in China. The realization of continuously high yield has great significance in ensuring food security and society stability. Meanwhile, low nitrogen (N) use efficiency is a serious problem in rice production in China. The objective of this study was to investigate if a cultivation technique could coordinately increase both grain yield and N use efficiency in rice. Mid-season japonica rice cultivars were used with the treatments of local high-yielding cultivation (control), super high-yielding cultivation, and high-yielding and high N use efficiency cultivation (HHC). The characteristics of grain yield formation under different cultivation systems and their physiological basis were analyzed. The results showed that, compared with the control, the HHC significantly increased biomass of root and shoot, root cytokinin concentration and root oxidation activity, grain-leaf ratio, leaf photosynthetic rate during the mid and late grain filling periods, nonstructural carbohydrate accumulation in stems and sheaths at the heading time, remobilization of carbon accumulated from heading to mature stage, and harvest index. The HHC increased grain yield by 31% and agronomic N use efficiency (increased grain yield per unit N application) by 57% when compared with the control. The results suggest that root and shoot growth could be improved and high grain yield and high N use efficiency could be achieved through integrating and optimizing cultivation techniques in rice production.

Key words: Mid-season japonica rice, High yield and high efficiency, Nitrogen use efficience, Site-specific nutrient management, Precise irrigation, Root and shoot growth

[1] Smil V. Ending hunger in our lifetime: Food security and globalization. Issues Sci Tech, 2004, 20: 93-95

[2] FAO. Statistical Databases, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, Rome. http://www.fao.org/, 2007

[3] Peng S-B(彭少兵), Huang J-L(黄见良), Zhong X-H(钟旭华), Yang J-C(杨建昌), Wang G-H(王光火), Zou Y-B(邹应斌), Zhang F-S(张福锁), Zhu Q-S(朱庆森). Research strategy in improving fertilizer-nitrogen use efficiency of irrigated rice in China. Sci Agric Sin (中国农业科学), 2002, 35(9): 1095-1103 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[4] Li R-G(李荣刚), Yang L-Z(杨林章), Pi J-H(皮家欢). Soil fertility evolution, nutrient balance and reasonable fertilization in paddy field in southern area of Jiangsu province. Chin J Appl Ecol (应用生态学报), 2003, 14(11): 1889-1892 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[5] Wang G H, Dobermann A, Witt C, Sun Q Z, Fu R X. Performance of site-specific nutrient management for irrigated rice in southeast China. Agron J, 2001, 93: 869-878

[6] Liu L-J(刘立军), Xu W(徐伟), Xu G-W(徐国伟), Zhou J-L(周家麟), Yang J-C(杨建昌). N-saving effect and its mechanism of site-specific nitrogen management in rice. Jiangsu J Agric Sci (江苏农业学报), 2005, 21(3): 155-161 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[7] Liu L-J(刘立军), Xu W(徐伟), Sang D-Z(桑大志), Liu C-L(刘翠莲), Zhou J-L(周家麟), Yang J-C(杨建昌). Site-specific nitrogen management increases fertilizer-nitrogen use efficiency in rice. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2006, 32(7): 987-994 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[8] Dobermann A, Witt C, Dawe D, Gines H C, Nagarajan R, Satawathananont S, Son T T, Tan P S, Wang G H, Chien N V, Thoa V T K, Phung C V, Stalin P, Muthukrishna P, Ravi V, Babu M, Chatuporn S, Kongchum M, Sun Q, Fu R, Simbaha G C, Adviento M A A. Site-specific nutrient management for intensive rice cropping systems in Asia. Field Crops Res, 2002, 74: 37-66

[9] Ling Q-H(凌启鸿), Zhang H-C(张洪程), Dai Q-G(戴其根), Ding Y-F(丁艳锋), Ling L(凌励), Su Z-F(苏祖芳), Xu M(徐茂), Que J-H(阙金华), Wang S-H(王绍华). Study on precise and quantitative N application in rice. Sci Agric Sin (中国农业科学), 2005, 38(12): 2457-2467 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[10]Ling Q-H(凌启鸿), Zhang H-C(张洪程), Ding Y-F(丁艳锋), Zhang Y-B(张益斌). Advances in high-yielding techniques in rice—Precise and quantitative cultivation. China Rice (中国稻米), 2005, (1): 3-7 (in Chinese)

[11]Zou Y-B(邹应斌), Zhou S-Y(周上游), Tang Q-Y(唐启源). Status and prospect of high yielding cultivation researches on China super rice. J Hunan Agric Univ (Nat Sci) (湖南农业大学学报·自然科学版), 2003, 29(1): 78-84 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[12]Zhang F-S (张福锁). Outline for Soil-Testing and Fertilizer-Formulating Application Techniques (测土配方施肥技术要览). Beijing: China Agricultural University Press, 2006. pp 1-144 (in Chinese)

[13]Bao S-D(鲍士旦). Analysis of Soil and Agricultural Chemistry (土壤农化分析). Beijing: China Agriculture Press, 2000. pp 257-270 (in Chinese)

[14]Ramasamy S, ten Berge H F M, Purushothaman S. Yield formation in rice in response to drainage and nitrogen application. Field Crops Res, 1997, 51: 65-82

[15]Bollmark M, Kubat B, Eliasson L. Variations in endogenous cytokinin content during adventitious root formation in pea cuttings. J Plant Physiol, 1988, 132: 262-265

[16]Cassman K G. Ecological intensification of cereal production systems: Yield potential, soil quality, and precision agriculture. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 1999, 96: 5952-5959

[17]Cassman K G, Dobermann A, Walters D T. Meeting cereal demand while protecting natural resources and improving environmental quality. Annu Rev Environ Resour, 2003, 28: 315-358

[18]Tilman D K, Cassman K G, Matson P A. Agricultural sustainability and intensive production practices. Nature, 2002, 418: 671-678

[19]Yang J-C(杨建昌), Wang P(王朋), Liu L-J(刘立军), Wang Z-Q(王志琴), Zhu Q-S(朱庆森). Evolution characteristics of grain yield and plant type for mid-season indica rice cultivars. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2006, 32(7): 949-955 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[20]Yang J-C(杨建昌), Du Y(杜永), Liu H(刘辉). Cultivation approaches and techniques for annual super-high-yielding of rice and wheat in the Lower Reaches of Yangtze River. Sci Agric Sin (中国农业科学), 2008, 41(6): 1611-1621 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[21]Venkateswarlu B, Visperas R M. Source-sink relationships in crop plants. Int Rice Res Paper Series, 1987, 125: 1-19

[22]Mohapatra P K, Sahu S K. Heterogeneity of primary branch development and spikelet survival in rice panicle in relation to assimilates of primary branches. J Exp Bot, 1991, 42: 871-879

[23]Zhang H, Xue Y, Wang Z, Yang J, Zhang J. Morphological and physiological traits of roots and their relationships with shoot growth in “super” rice. Field Crops Res, 2009, 113: 31-40

[24]Horie T, Shiraiwa T, Homma K, Katsura K, Maeda Y, Yoshida H. Can yields of lowland rice resume the increases that showed in the 1980s? Plant Prod Sci, 2005, 8: 259-274

[25]Yang J, Zhang J. Grain filling of cereals under soil drying. New Phytol, 2006, 169: 223-236

[26]Novoa R, Loomis R S. Nitrogen and plant production. Plant Soil, 1981, 58: 177-204

[27]Yang J-C(杨建昌), Chen Z-H(陈忠辉), Du Y(杜永). Characteristics of super high-yielding population of rice and cultivation techniques. Rev China Agric Sci Tech (中国农业科技导报), 2004, 6(4): 37-41 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[28]Ling Q-H(凌启鸿), Zhang H-C(张洪程), Su Z-F(苏祖芳), Ling L(凌励). New Theory in Rice Production (稻作新理论). Beijing: Science Press, 1994. pp 214-238 (in Chinese)

[29]Ling Q-H(凌启鸿). Quality of Crop Population (作物群体质量). Shanghai: Shanghai Scientific and Technical Publishers, 2000. pp 42-120 (in Chinese)

[30]Yang C-X(杨春献), Xiang B-H(向邦豪), Zhang Q-M(张其茂), Qin X-H(秦小晖), Peng C-J(彭承界), Zhang T-S(张天术), Ye L-T(叶立涛), Su D-R(苏德润), Huang Z-F(黄增富). Cultural techniques of achieving a yield of 12.26 t hm-2 in the demonstrative production of two-line super-hybrid rice under an area over 6.7 hectares. Hybrid Rice(杂交水稻), 2003, 18(2): 42-44 (in Chinese)

[31]Peng S, Khush G S, Virk P, Tang Q, Zou Y. Progress in ideotype breeding to increase rice yield potential. Field Crops Res, 2008, 108: 32-38

[32]Cheng S, Zhuang J, Fan Y, Du J, Cao L. Progress in research and development on hybrid rice: A super-domesticate in China. Ann Bot, 2007, 100: 959-966
[33]Du Y(杜永), Liu H(刘辉), Yang C(杨成), Wang Z-Q(王志琴), Yang J-C(杨建昌). Characteristics of nutrient absorption in super-high-yielding and late-maturity rice. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2007, 33(2): 208-215 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[1] JIN Li-Bin,CUI Hai-Yan,LI Bo,YANG Jin-Sheng,DONG Shu-Ting,ZHAO Bin,LIU Peng,ZHANG Ji-Wang. Effects of Integrated Agronomic Practices on Nitrogen Efficiency and Soil Nitrate Nitrogen of Summer Maize [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2013, 39(11): 2009-2015.
Full text



No Suggested Reading articles found!