欢迎访问作物学报,今天是

作物学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (09): 1381-1394.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2017.01381

• 耕作栽培·生理生化 • 上一篇    下一篇

薏苡种质资源成株期抗旱性鉴定及抗旱指标筛选

汪灿1,2,**,周棱波1,2,**,张国兵1,2,张立异1,徐燕1,高旭1,姜讷1,邵明波1,2,*   

  1. 1 贵州省农业科学院旱粮研究所, 贵州贵阳 550006; 2 贵州粱丰农业科技有限公司, 贵州贵阳 550006
  • 收稿日期:2017-01-14 修回日期:2017-04-20 出版日期:2017-09-12 发布日期:2017-04-27
  • 通讯作者: 邵明波, E-mail: 563189433@qq.com E-mail:wangc.1989@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    本研究由贵州省农业攻关计划项目(黔科合机农字[2013]4025号)和贵州省农业动植物育种专项资金项目(黔农育专字[2012]023号)资助。

Identification and Indices Screening of Drought Resistance at Adult Plant Stage in Job’s Tears Germplasm Resources

WANG Can1,2,**,ZHOU Ling-Bo1,2,**,ZHANG Guo-Bing1,2,ZHANG Li-Yi1,XU Yan1,GAO Xu1,JIANG Ne1,SHAO Ming-Bo1,2,*   

  1. 1 Institute of Upland Food Crops, Guizhou Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guiyang 55006, China; 2 Guizhou Liangfeng Agricultural Science and Technology Co., LTD, Guiyang 550006, China
  • Received:2017-01-14 Revised:2017-04-20 Online:2017-09-12 Published:2017-04-27
  • Contact: 邵明波, E-mail: 563189433@qq.com E-mail:wangc.1989@163.com
  • Supported by:

    This study was supported by the Guizhou Agricultural Research Plan Project (QKHJNZ[2013]4025) and the Special Funds for Guizhou Agricultural Animal and Plant Breeding (QNYZZ[2012]023).

摘要:

以50份薏苡种质为材料,设置正常灌水和干旱胁迫2个处理,测定株高、茎粗、分枝数、主茎节数、分蘖数、单株粒数、单株粒重、千粒重和产量,采用抗旱性度量值(D值)、综合抗旱系数(CDC值)、加权抗旱系数(WDC)、相关分析、频次分析、主成分分析、灰色关联度分析、隶属函数分析、聚类分析和逐步回归分析相结合的方法,对其进行成株期抗旱性鉴定及抗旱指标筛选。结果表明,各指标对干旱胁迫的反应及关联程度各异。6个公因子可代表薏苡抗旱性90.80%的原始数据信息量。基于D值、CDC值和WDC值的供试薏苡种质抗旱性排序相近。供试薏苡种质产量抗旱系数(Y值)与D值、CDC值和WDC值均呈极显著正相关。筛选出成株期抗旱性强的薏苡种质有yy18-1、yy03-8和粱丰薏14-2。分蘖数、单株粒重和千粒重可作为薏苡种质资源成株期抗旱性评价的直观指标。

关键词: 薏苡, 成株期, 抗旱性, 抗旱指标, 综合评价

Abstract:

Drought is one of the major problems for Job’s tears production. The plant height, culm diameter, branch number, culm node number, tiller number, grain number per plant, grain weight per plant, 1000-grain weight, and yield of 50 accessions of Job’s tears germplasm were measured in normal irrigation and drought stress treatments. Drought resistance comprehensive evaluation value (D value), comprehensive drought resistance coefficient (CDC value), and weight drought resistance coefficient (WDC value) were used in correlation analysis, frequency analysis, principal component analysis, grey relational analysis, subordinate function analysis, clustering analysis, and stepwise regression analysis to identify and screen drought resistance indices at adult plant stage of tested Job’s tears germplasm. There were differences in response to drought stress and correlations between all indices. Six common factors could represent 90.80% of the original information of Job’s tears drought resistance data. The ranks of drought resistance of tested Job’s tears germplasm based on D value, CDC value, and WDC value were similar. The yield drought resistance coefficient (Y value) of tested Job’s tears germplasm had significant and positive correlation with D value, CDC value, and WDC value. Liangfengyi 14-2, yy03-8, and yy18-1 were identified as drought resistant Job’s tears germplasm at adult plant stage. Tiller number, grain weight per plant, and 1000-grain weight could be used as the intuitive identification indices for drought resistance in Job’s tears germplasm resources at adult plant stage.

Key words: Job’s tears, Adult plant stage, Drought resistance, Drought resistance indices, Comprehensive evaluation

[1]Yao F M, Yin G H, Mo G Y, Luo Y Q, Yuan J C. Coix lacryma-jobi L. growth and yield response to different sowing dates in Sichuan China. J Sci Appl Biomed, 2013, 1: 8–14
[2]Manosroi J, Khositsuntiwong N, Manosroi A. Biological activities of fructooligosaccharide (FOS)-containing Coix lachryma-jobi Linn. extract. J Food Sci Technol, 2014, 51: 341–346
[3]Apirattananusorn S, Tongta S, Cui S W, Wang Q. Chemical, molecular, and structural characterization of alkali extractable nonstarch polysaccharides from Job’s Tears. J Agric Food Chem, 2008, 56: 8549–8557
[4]Moreau R A, Singh V, Hicks K B. Comparison of oil and phytosterol levels in germplasm accessions of corn, teosinte, and Job’s tears. J Agric Food Chem, 2001, 49: 3793–3795
[5]周明强, 雷朝云, 周正邦, 班秀文, 周祥. 贵州省薏苡的生产加工现状及发展潜力分析. 湖北农业科学, 2011, 50: 4660–4663
Zhou M Q, Lei C Y, Zhou Z B, Ban X W, Zhou X. Production processing situation and development potential analysis of Coix lacryma-jobi in Guizhou province. Hubei Agric Sci, 2011, 50: 4660–4663 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[6]章洁琼, 朱怡. 贵州薏苡产业发展的现在及对策. 贵州农业科学, 2015, 43: 217–219
Zhang J Q, Zhu Y. Current development situation and countermeasures of Coix lacryma-jobi industry in Guizhou. Guizhou Agric Sci, 2015, 43: 217–219 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[7]成福云. 干旱灾害对二十一世纪初我国农业发展的影响探讨. 水利发展研究, 2002, 2(10): 31–33
Cheng F Y. Discuss on drought disaster for influence on the agricultural development of our country at 21st century. Water Resourc Dev Res, 2002, 2(10): 31–33 (in Chinese)
[8]陈宁, 钱晓刚. 几种薏苡种质材料萌发期的抗旱性能初步研究. 种子, 2013, 32: 90–92
Chen N, Qian X G. Several germlasm materials of Coix’s embryonic drought performance be on preliminary research. Seed, 2013, 32: 90–92
[9]胡荣海. 农作物抗早鉴定方法和指标. 作物种质资源, 1986, (4): 36–39
Hu R H. The methods and indices drought resistance identification in crops. Crops Germplasm Resour, 1986, (4): 36–39 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[10]张木清, 陈如凯. 作物抗旱分子生理与遗传改良. 北京: 科学出版社, 2005. pp 22–23
Zhang M Q, Chen R K. Molecular Physiological and Genetic Improvement of Crop Drought Tolerance. Beijing: Science Press, 2005. pp 22–23 (in Chinese)
[11]黎裕. 作物抗旱性鉴定方法与指标. 干旱地区农业研究, 1993, 11(1): 91–99
Li Y. The methods and indices of identification drought resistance on crops. Agric Res Arid Areas, 1993, 11(1): 91–99 (in Chinese)
[12]龚明. 作物抗旱性鉴定方法与指标及其综合评价. 云南农业大学学报, 1989, 4: 73–81
Gong M. The methods and indices of identification drought resistance and comprehensive evaluation. J Yunnan Agric Univ, 1989, 4: 73–81 (in Chinese)
[13]Cabuslay G S, Ito O, Alejar A A. Physiological evaluation of responses of rice (Oryza sativa L.) to water deficit. Plant Sci, 2002, 163: 815–827
[14]Upadhyaya H D. Variability for drought resistance related traits in the mini core collection of peanut. Crop Sci, 2005, 45: 1432–1440
[15]Kamoshita A, Babu R C, Boopathi N M, Fukai S. Phenotypic and genotypic analysis of drought-resistance traits for development of rice cultivars adapted to rainfed environments. Field Crops Res, 2008, 109: 1–23.
[16]张正斌. 作物抗旱节水的生理遗传育种基础. 北京: 科学出版社, 2003. pp 67–209
Zhang Z B. Fundamentals of Physiological and Genetic Breeding Basis in Crop Drought Resistance and Water Saving. Beijing: Science Press, 2003. pp 67–209 (in Chinese)
[17]王兰芬, 武晶, 景蕊莲, 程须珍, 王述民. 绿豆种质资源芽期抗旱性鉴定. 植物遗传资源学报, 2014, 15: 498–503
Wang L F, Wu J, Jing R L, Cheng X Z, Wang S M. Drought resistance identification of mungbean germplasm resources at bud stage. J Plant Genet Resour, 2014, 15: 498–503 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[18]王兰芬, 武晶, 景蕊莲, 程须珍, 王述民. 绿豆种质资源苗期抗旱性鉴定. 作物学报, 2015, 41: 145–153
Wang L F, Wu J, Jing R L, Cheng X Z, Wang S M. Drought resistance identification of mungbean germplasm resources at seedling stage. Acta Agron Sin, 2015, 41: 145–153 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[19]王兰芬, 武晶, 景蕊莲, 程须珍, 王述民. 绿豆种质资源成株期抗旱性鉴定. 作物学报, 2015, 41: 1287–1294
Wang L F, Wu J, Jing R L, Cheng X Z, Wang S M. Identification of mungbean germplasm resources resistance to drought at adult stage. Acta Agron Sin, 2015, 41: 1287–1294 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[20]王利彬, 刘丽君, 裴宇峰, 董守坤, 孙聪姝, 祖伟, 阮英慧. 大豆种质资源芽期抗旱性鉴定. 东北农业大学学报, 2012, 43: 36–42
Wang L B, Liu L J, Pei Y F, Dong S K, Sun C S, Zu W, Ruan Y H. Drought resistance identification of soybean germplasm resources at bud stage. J Northeast Agric Univ, 2012, 43: 36–42
[21]祁旭升, 刘章雄, 关荣霞, 王兴荣, 苟作旺, 常汝镇, 邱丽娟. 大豆成株期抗旱性鉴定评价方法研究. 作物学报, 2012, 38: 665–674
Qi X S, Liu Z X, Guan R X, Wang X R, Gou Z W, Chang R Z, Qiu L J. Comparison of evaluation methods for drought-resistance at soybean adult stage. Acta Agron Sin, 2012, 38: 665–674 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[22]祁旭升, 王兴荣, 许军, 张建平, 米君. 胡麻种质资源成株期抗旱性鉴定. 中国农业科学, 2010, 43: 3076–3087
Qi X S, Wang X R, Xu J, Zhang J P, Mi J. Drought-resistance evaluation of flax germplasm at adult plant stage. Sci Agric Sin, 2010, 43: 3076–3087 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[23]张彦军, 苟作旺, 王兴荣, 陈伟英, 祁旭升. 胡麻种质萌发期抗旱性综合评价. 植物遗传资源学报, 2015, 16: 520–527
Zhang Y J, Gou Z W, Wang X R, Chen W Y, Qi X S. Comprehensive valuation of drought resistance of flax germplasm in germination. J Plant Genet Resour, 2015, 16: 520–527 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[24]罗俊杰, 欧巧明, 叶春雷, 王方, 王镛臻, 陈玉梁. 重要胡麻栽培品种的抗旱性综合评价及指标筛选. 作物学报, 2014, 40: 1259–1273
Luo J J, Ou Q M, Ye C L, Wang F, Wang Y Z, Chen Y L. Comprehensive valuation of drought resistance and screening of indices of important flax cultivars. Acta Agron Sin, 2014, 40: 1259–1273 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[25]孟庆立, 关周博, 冯佰利, 柴岩, 胡银岗. 谷子抗旱相关性状的主成分与模糊聚类分析. 中国农业科学, 2009, 42: 2667–2675
Meng Q L, Guan Z B, Feng B L, Chai Y, Hu Y G. Principal component analysis and fuzzy clustering on drought-tolerance related traits of foxtail millet (Setaria italica). Sci Agric Sin, 2009, 42: 2667–2675 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[26]秦岭, 杨延兵, 管延安, 张华文, 王海莲, 刘宾, 陈二影. 不同生态区主要育成谷子品种芽期耐旱性鉴定. 植物遗传资源学报, 2013, 14: 146–151
Qin L, Yang Y B, Guan Y A, Zhang H W, Wang H L, Liu B, Chen E Y. Identification of drought tolerance at germination period of foxtail millet cultivars developed from different ecological regions. J Plant Genet Resour, 2013, 14: 146–151 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[27]王艺陶, 周宇飞, 李丰先, 依兵, 白薇, 闫彤, 许文娟, 高明超, 黄瑞冬. 基于主成分和SOM聚类分析的高粱品种萌发期抗旱性鉴定与分类. 作物学报, 2014, 40: 110–121
Wang Y T, Zhou Y F, Li F X, Yi B, Bai W, Yan T, Xu W J, Gao M C, Huang R D. Identification and classification of sorghum cultivars for drought resistance during germination stage based on principal components analysis and self organizing map cluster analysis. Acta Agron Sin, 2014, 40: 110–121 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[28]吴奇. 周宇飞, 高悦, 张娇, 陈冰汝, 许文娟, 黄瑞冬. 不同高粱品种萌发期抗旱性筛选与鉴定. 作物学报, 2016, 42: 1233–1246
Wu Q, Zhou Y F, Gao Y, Zhang J, Chen B R, Xu W J, Huang R D. Screening and identification for drought resistance during germination in sorghum cultivars. Acta Agron Sin, 2016, 42: 1233–1246 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[29]朱宗河, 郑文寅, 张学坤. 甘蓝型油菜耐旱相关性状的主成分分析. 中国农业科学, 2011, 44: 1775–1787
Zhu Z H, Zheng W Y, Zhang X K. Principal component analysis and comprehensive evaluation on morphological and agronomic traits of drought tolerance in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). Sci Agric Sin, 2011, 44: 1775–1787 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[30]谢小玉, 张霞, 张兵. 油菜苗期抗旱性评价及抗旱相关指标变化分析. 中国农业科学, 2013, 46: 476–485
Xie X Y, Zhang X, Zhang B. Evaluation of drought resistance and analysis of variation of relevant parameters at seedling stage of rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). Sci Agric Sin, 2013, 46: 476–485 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[31]陈玉梁, 石有太, 罗俊杰, 王蒂, 厚毅清, 李忠旺, 张秉贤. 甘肃彩色棉抗旱性农艺性状指标的筛选鉴定. 作物学报, 2012, 38, 1680–1687
Chen Y L, Shi Y T, Luo J J, Wang D, Hou Y Q, Li Z W, Zhang B X. Screening of drought tolerant agronomic trait indices of colored cotton varieties (lines) in Gansu province. Acta Agron Sin, 2012, 38, 1680–1687 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[32]兰巨生. 农作物综合抗旱性评价方法的研究. 西北农业学报, 1998, 7(3): 85–87
Lan J S. Comparison of evaluating methods for agronomic drought resistance in crops. Acta Agric Boreali-Occident Sin, 1998, 7(3): 85–87 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[33]尹利, 逯晓萍, 傅晓峰, 李美娜, 郭建. 高丹草杂交种灰色关联分析与评判. 中国草地学报, 2006, 28: 21–25
Yin L, Lu X P, Fu X F, Li M N, Guo J. The grey relation analysis and evaluation of hybrid pacesetter. Chin J Grassland, 2006, 28: 21–25 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[34]黎冬华, 刘文萍, 张艳欣, 王林海, 危文亮, 高媛, 丁霞, 王蕾, 张秀荣. 芝麻耐旱性的鉴定方法及关联分析. 作物学报, 2013, 39: 1425–1433
Li D H, Liu W P, Zhang Y X, Wang L H, Wei W L, Gao Y, Ding X, Wang L, Zhang X R. Identification method of drought tolerance and association mapping for sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). Acta Agron Sin, 2013, 39: 1425–1433 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[35]李国瑞, 马宏亮, 胡雯媚, 汤永禄, 荣晓椒, 樊高琼. 西南麦区小麦品种萌发期抗旱性综合鉴定. 麦类作物学报, 2015, 35: 1–9
Li G R, Ma H L, Hu W M, Tang Y L, Rong X J, Fan G Q. Identification of wheat cultivars for drought resistance during germination in southwest area. J Triticeae Crops, 2015, 35: 1–9 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[36]田又升, 谢宗铭, 吴向东, 王志军, 叶春秀, 张国丽. 水稻种质资源萌发期抗旱性综合鉴定. 干旱地区农业研究, 2015, 33: 173–180
Tian Y S, Xie Z M, Wu X D, Wang Z J, Ye C X, Zhang G L. Identification of drought tolerance of rice germplasm during germination period. Agric Res Arid Areas, 2015, 33: 173–180 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[37]李龙, 王兰芬, 武晶, 景蕊莲, 王述民. 普通菜豆种质资源芽期抗旱性鉴定. 植物遗传资源学报, 2013, 14: 600–605
Li L, Wang L F, Wu J, Jing R L, Wang S M. Drought Tolerance in common bean germplasm at bud stage. J Plant Genet Resour, 2013, 14: 600–605 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[38]赵美令. 玉米各生育时期抗旱型鉴定指标的研究. 中国农学通报, 2009, 25(12): 66–68
Zhao M L. Studies on identification indices for drought resistance in different growing periods of corn. Chin Agric Sci Bull, 2009, 25(12): 66–68 (in Chinese with English abstract)

No related articles found!
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
No Suggested Reading articles found!