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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2017, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (01): 112-121.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2017.00112


Identification of Alkali Tolerance of Mungbean Germplasm Resources during Germination

XU Ning,CHEN Bing-Xu,WANG Ming-Hai,BAO Shu-Ying,WANG Gui-Fang,GUO Zhong-Xiao?   

  1. Institute of Crop Germplasm Resources, Jilin Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Gongzhuling 136100, China
  • Received:2016-04-06 Revised:2016-07-11 Online:2017-01-12 Published:2016-08-01
  • Contact: 郭中校, E-mail: guozhx@cjaas.com
  • Supported by:

    This study was supported by the National Key Technology Support Program of China (2014BAD07B05-12), the China Agriculture Research System (CARS-09-Z9), the Agricultural Science and Technology Innovation Program of Jilin Province (2014-1138), and the Breeding Program of Jilin Province (2014-65).


Mixed alkali (NaHCO3 : Na2CO3 with the mole ratio of 9 : 1) was used to simulate the typical alkali stress environment in Northeast China. The seeds of 34 accessions of mungbean germplasm resources were treated with 50 mmol L–1 solution with distilled water as control and germinated in petri dishes for seven days. The germinating energy was measured on the third day and the germination rate, hypocotyl length, radicle length, hypocotyl dry weight, and radicle dry weight were measured on the seventh day. Through the subordinative function analysis, clustering analysis, and factor analysis, the alkali tolerance of 34 mungbean materials were evaluated. All of the materials based on subordinative function were clustered into four groups: nine accessions were tolerant to alkali, e.g. Bailyu 11, 19 accessions had midium tolerance, e.g. Gonglyu 1, five accessions were sensitive to alkali, e.g. Jilyu 3, and Weilyu 7 was strongly sensitive to alkali. The vigor index, hypocotyl dry weight, and radicle length were the most significant indexes which are recommended as the suitable indexes for identifying alkali tolerance of mungbean at germination. The results lay a foundation for alkali tolerance gene mining and variety improvement in mungbean.

Key words: Mungbean, Germination, Alkali tolerance, Subordinative function analysis, Cluster analysis, Factor analysis

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