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Acta Agronomica Sinica ›› 2021, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (10): 1843-1853.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2021.13012

• REVIEW •     Next Articles

Research advance on optimizing annual distribution of solar and heat resources for double cropping system in the Yellow-Huaihe-Haihe Rivers plain

ZHOU Bao-Yuan1(), GE Jun-Zhu2, SUN Xue-Fang3, HAN Yu-Ling1, MA Wei1, DING Zai-Song1, LI Cong-Feng1, ZHAO Ming1,*()   

  1. 1Institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences / Key Laboratory of Crop Physiology and Production, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Beijing 100081, China
    2College of Agronomy & Resource and Environment, Tianjin Agricultural University, Tianjin 300384, China
    3College of Agronomy, Qingdao Agricultural University, Qingdao 266109, Shandong, China
  • Received:2021-01-13 Accepted:2021-04-23 Online:2021-10-12 Published:2021-05-06
  • Contact: ZHAO Ming E-mail:zhoubaoyuan@caas.cn;zhaoming@caas.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Key Research and Development Program of China(2018YFD0200504);China Agriculture Research System(CARS-02-12)


Optimizing the distribution of annual solar and heat resources is an important way to improve the annual yield and resource use efficiency without increasing input for the winter wheat-summer maize of the Yellow-Huaihe-Haihe Rivers plain. During 1980s, the researchers began to explore ways to increase the efficiency utilization of solar and heat resources from the sowing/harvest adjustment, variety selection, and intensive cropping system innovation. Based on study of matching relation between crop growth and resources, a technological approach to optimize the distribution of solar and heat resources was put forward by strengthening the high photosynthetic efficiency of “C4 maize”. Then, the winter wheat and summer maize “double late” technology, winter wheat/spring maize/summer maize, winter wheat/spring maize/summer maize/autumn maize cropping systems were established, which realized high yield and high efficient utilization of resources. In this paper, we reviewed current theoretical and regulation approaches for optimizing distribution of solar and heat resources of double cropping system in the Yellow-Huaihe-Haihe Rivers plain. Then proposed a quantitative and optimal resources distribution method for double cropping system, and set up the unified quantitative indexes for resources distribution between winter wheat and summer maize, which could provide theory support for further increasing anniversary production and resource utilization efficiency of the Yellow-Huaihe-Haihe Rivers plain.

Key words: the Yellow-Huaihe-Haihe Rivers plain, winter wheat-summer maize double cropping system, solar and heat resources, optimizing distribution

Table 1

The quantitative index and formula of resource distribution and utilization"

指标Index 公式Formula 指标Index 公式Formula
积温分配率TDR 单季积温量/周年积温总量
Single seasonal AT of annual AT
两季积温比值TR 第一季积温量/第二季积温量
First season AT/second season AT
辐射分配率RDR 单季辐射量/周年辐射总量
Single seasonal Ra of annual Ra
两季辐射比值RR 第一季辐射量/第二季辐射量
First season Ra/second season Ra
降水分配率PDR 单季降雨量/周年降雨总量
Single seasonal Pr of annual Pr
两季降水比值PR 第一季降雨量/第二季降雨量
First season Pr/second season Pr
光温生产潜力当量TPPE 实际产量/光温生产潜力
Yield/AT and Ra production potential
AT satisfaction rate
Annual AT/AT required by crop

Table 2

Annual accumulated temperature distribution for winter wheat-summer maize cropping systems"

冬小麦Winter wheat 夏玉米Summer maize 周年Annual
AT (°C)
TDR (%)
AT (°C)
TDR (%)
AT (°C)
河南Henan 2346.2 a 43 3142.3 a 57 5488.6 a 0.7
山东Shandong 2263.6 b 43 2983.0 b 57 5245.8 b 0.7
河北Hebei 2135.0 c 43 2865.9 c 57 5000.9 c 0.7

Table 3

Annual radiation distribution for winter wheat-summer maize cropping systems"

冬小麦Winter wheat 夏玉米Summer maize 周年Annual
Ra (MJ m-2)
RDR (%)
Ra (MJ m-2)
RDR (%)
Ra (MJ m-2)
河南Henan 2437.7 b 59 1687.2 b 41 4124.9 b 1.4
山东Shandong 2659.7 a 58 1924.5 a 42 4547.6 a 1.4
河北Hebei 2636.3 a 58 1857.7 a 42 4494.0 a 1.4

Table 4

Annual precipitation distribution for winter wheat-summer maize cropping systems"

冬小麦Winter wheat 夏玉米Summer maize 周年Annual
Pr (mm)
PDR (%)
Pr (mm)
PDR (%)
Pr (mm)
河南Henan 160.9 b 29 393.2 b 71 554.1 b 0.4
山东Shandong 193.2 a 25 582.8 a 75 776.0 a 0.3
河北Hebei 117.5 c 24 366.5 c 76 484.0 c 0.3

Table 5

Grain yield, radiation and temperature production potential, radiation and temperature production potential equivalent of winter wheat-summer maize cropping system"

冬小麦Winter wheat 夏玉米Summer maize
(kg hm-2)
(kg hm-2)
TPPE (%)
(kg hm-2)
(kg hm-2)
TPPE (%)
河南Henan 10,626.9 a 17,887.2 a 59.4 a 13,178.4 b 19,868.2 b 66.3 a
山东Shandong 10,391.6 a 17,502.3 a 59.3 a 14,350.4 a 21,162.8 a 67.8 a
河北Hebei 9407.8 b 15,732.8 b 59.8 a 10,951.5 c 16,896.8 c 64.8 a
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