Welcome to Acta Agronomica Sinica,

Acta Agron Sin ›› 2009, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (5): 795-801.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2009.00795


Evaluation for Tolerance Characteristics of Different Rice Varieties to Brown Planthopper(BPH),Nilaparvata lugens Stal

CHEN Jian-Ming1,YU Xiao-Ping1,CHENG Jia-An2   

  1. 1Institute of Plant Protection and Microbiology,Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Hangzhou 310021,China;2College of Agriculture and Biotechnology,Zhejiang University,Hangzhou 310029,China
  • Received:2008-09-10 Revised:2008-12-13 Online:2009-05-12 Published:2009-03-23
  • Contact: CHEN Jian-Ming E-mail:chenjm63@yahoo.com.cn


Brown planthopper (BPH), Nilaparvata lugens Stål, is one of the most serious insect pests of rice in China and other southeast Asia countries. In the paper, tolerance characteristics of 10 different rice varieties was analyzed using tolerance index, antibiosis index, functional plant loss index (FPLI) and population number of BPH F1 generation at rice seedling and adult stages. The results showed that when plants were infested by eight 1–2 instars and 3–4 instars BPH nymphs at seedling stage, respectively, the plants of different varieties expressed some difference in tolerance levels. Tolerance indexes of these varieties including Shanyou 63, Xiushui 11, Pei’ai 64S/E32, Triveni, Utri Rajapan, ASD7, and Jiayu 948 were greater than their antibiosis indexes, Especially for Shanyou 63. While tolerance index of IR64, Rathu Heenati was obviously less than antibiosis index. When rice plants were infected with 3–4 instar nymphs, its tolerance index increased. For the same variety, tolerance index at adult stage was obviously higher than that at seedling stage. Under the infection by same number of BPH, the plants of varieties Xiushui 11 and TN1 died (9 level), Pei’ai 64S/E32, Shanyou 63, Jiayu 948, Triveni and Utri Rajapan plants expressed middle damage level (3–5 level), ASD7 and IR64 less damage level (<3 level), Rathu Heenati no damage. Population number of BPH on Xiushui 11, Shanyou 63 and Pei’ai 64S/E32 had no obvious difference from that on TN1, and was significantly higher than that on other varieties, with that on Jiayu 948, Triveni, Utri Rajapan > that on ASD7 > that on Rathu Heenati. These results above mentioned indicated that TN1, Shanyou 63 and Xiushui 11 are susceptible, has no tolerance and antibiosis characteristics; Pei’ai 64S/E32, Triveni, Utri Rajapan belongs to the group of stronger tolerance; IR64, Rathu Heenati are of high antibiosis; ASD7 and Jiayu 948 belongs to the group of both tolerance and antibiosis. Therefore, it is concluded that tolerance characteristics of different rice varieties will be determined by the method using in the paper. This will provide a useful screening method in tolerant varieties breeding and be of important significance to sustainable management of BPH.

Key words:   Rice variety, Nilaparvata lugens, Tolerance characteristics, Population parameter

[1] Wang R-F(王荣富), Zhang C-L(张成林), Zou Y-D(邹运鼎), Lü L(吕亮), Cheng X-N(程遐年). Effect of rice variety resistance on population dynamics of Nilaparvata lugens and Sogatella furcifera. Chin J Appl Ecol (应用生态学报), 2000, 11(6): 861–865 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[2] Chen J-M(陈建明), Yu X-P(俞晓平), Cheng J-A(程家安), Lü Z-X(吕仲贤), Zheng X-S(郑许松), Xu H-X(徐红星). Resistance screening and evaluation of newly-bred rice varieties (lines) to the rice brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens. Chin J Rice Sci (中国水稻科学), 2005, 19(6): 573–576 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[3] Chen F(陈峰), Fu Q(傅强), Gui L-Y(桂连友). Study progress on resistance of rice varieties to brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens St?l and its virulence variations. J Yangtze Univ (Nat Sci Edn) (长江大学学报×自然科学版), 2008, 5(1): 5–10 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[4] Wang C-Z(王传之), Yu J(于洁), Fei Q-L(裴庆利), Liu P-Q(刘丕庆), Cai Z-Q(蔡中全), Zhang L(张磊), Wu S-M(吴世民). Research progress on breeding of rice varieties for resistance to brown planthopper. J Anhui Agric Sci (安徽农业科学), 2008, 36(8): 3170–3173 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[5] Tao L-Y(陶林勇). Studies on screening techniqes of resistance of rice varieties to brown planthopper (BPH), Nilaparvata lugens St?l. Acta Agric Zhejiangensis (浙江农业学报), 1995, 7(6): 443–447 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[6] Yu X-P(俞晓平), Wu G-R(巫国瑞), Hu C(胡萃). Studies on the tolerance and antibiosis nature of rice varieties to whitebacked planthopper. J Plant Prot (植物保护学报), 1990, 17(4): 327–330 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[7] Kartohardjono A, Heinrichs E A. Populations of the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens (St?l) (Homoptera: Delphacidae), and its predators on rice varieties with differing levels of resistance. Environ Entomol, 1984, 13: 359–365

[8] Chen J-M(陈建明), Yu X-P(俞晓平), Cheng J-A(程家安). Study methods of plant tolerance to insect pests. Chin Bull Bot (植物学通报), 2005, 22(4): 449–455 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[9] Chen J-M(陈建明), Yu X-P(俞晓平), Cheng J-A(程家安), Zheng X-S(郑许松), Xu H-X(徐红星), Lü Z-X(吕仲贤), Zhang J-F(张珏锋), Chen L-Z(陈列忠). Plant tolerance against insect pests and its mechanisms. Acta Entomol Sin (昆虫学报), 2005, 48(2): 262–272 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[10]Panda N, Heinrichs E A. Levels of tolerance and antibiosis in rice varieties having moderate resistance to the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens (St?l) (Homiptera: Delphacidae). Environ Entomol, 1983, 12: 1204–1214

[11]Chen J-M(陈建明), Yu X-P(俞晓平), Lü Z-X(吕仲贤), Zheng X-S(郑许松), Xu H-X(徐红星), Cheng J-A(程家安), Liu G-J(刘光杰). Tolerance of rice variety to whitebacked planthopper, Sogatella furcifera and variation of nutrient components in rice plants. Chin J Appl Ecol (应用生态学报), 2003, 14(12): 2246–2250 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[12] Cohen M B, Alam S N, Medina E B, Bernal C C. Brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens (St?l), resistance in rice cultivar IR64: mechanism and role in successful N. lugens management in Central Luzon, Philippines. Entomol Exp Appl, 1997, 85: 221–229

[13]Tang Q-Y(唐启义), Feng M-G(冯明光). Practical Statistics Analysis and DPS Data Treatment System(实用统计分析及其DPS数据处理系统), 2nd. Beijing: Science Press, 2002 (in Chinese)

[14]Strauss S Y, Agrawal A A. The ecology and evolution of plant tolerance to herbivory. Trends Ecol Evol, 1999, 14: 179–185

[15]Cheng J-A(程家安), Sun X-L(孙祥良). The effects of rice varieties on population dynamics of brown planthopper. J Plant Prot (植物保护学报), 1992, 19 (2): 146–151 (in Chinese with English abstract))

[16]Chen D-L(陈德利), Zhao S-X(赵士熙), Wu Z-F(吴中孚). The effect of the rice varieties with different resistance on the bionomics of brown planthopper. J Fujian Agric For Univ(Nat Sci Edn) (福建农学院学报·自然科学版), 1993, 22 (2): 168–172 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[17] Li G-Q(李国清), Wang Y-C(王荫长), Han Z-J(韩召军), Gu Z-Y(顾正远), Xiao Y-F(肖英方). Studies on resistance of rice variety NJ 14 to brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens (St?l)-I. Evaluation of the resistance with life table of laboratory population. J Nanjing Agric Univ (南京农业大学学报), 1994, 17(4): 131–133 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[18]Xiao H-X(肖汉祥), Zhang L-Y(张良佑). Resistance mechanism of Oryza minuta to Nilaparvata lugens. Chin J Rice Sci (中国水稻科学), 2001, 15(1): 77–80 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[19]Zhu L(朱麟), Gu D-X(古德祥), Zhang G-R(张古忍),You J-P(游金平). Behavioral responses of brown planthopper and white-backed planthopper to BPH-resistant rice varieties. J Plant Prot (植物保护学报), 2002, 29(2): 145–151 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[20]Huang S-S(黄所生), Huang F-K(黄凤宽), Wei S-M(韦素美), Long L-P(龙丽萍), Jiang X-B(蒋显斌), Cheng Z-X(程正新). Influence of various composing proportions of rice brown planthopper biotypes on resistance of rice varieties. Chin Agric Sci Bull (中国农学通报), 2006, 22(6): 301–303 (in Chinese)

[21]Ho D T, Heinrichs E A. Tolerance of the rice variety Triveni to the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens (St?l). Environ Entomol, 1982, 11: 598–602

[22] Kohyani P T, Bossuyt B, Bonte D, Hoffmann M. Differential herbivory tolerance of dominant and subordinate plant species along gradients of nutrient availability and competition. Plant Ecol, 2009, 201: 611–619

[23] Pilson D. The evaluation of plant response to herbivory: Simultaneously considering resistance and tolerance in Brassica rapa. Evol Ecol, 2000, 14: 457–489

[24] González-Teuber M, Gianoli E. Tolerance to simulated herbivory in two populations of Convolvulus chilensis (Convolvulaceae). Acta Oecol, 2007, 32: 119–123
No related articles found!
Full text



No Suggested Reading articles found!