欢迎访问作物学报,今天是

作物学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 46 ›› Issue (4): 544-556.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2020.91041

• 耕作栽培·生理生化 • 上一篇    下一篇

稻茬小麦氮高效品种产量构成和群体质量特征

丁永刚1,李福建1,王亚华1,汤小庆1,杜同庆2,朱敏1,李春燕1,朱新开1,丁锦峰1,*(),郭文善1,*()   

  1. 1 江苏省作物遗传生理重点实验室 / 江苏省作物栽培生理重点实验室 / 江苏省粮食作物现代产业技术协同创新中心 / 扬州大学小麦研究中心, 江苏扬州 225009
    2 睢宁县植物保护技术指导站, 江苏徐州 221200
  • 收稿日期:2019-06-24 接受日期:2019-12-26 出版日期:2020-04-12 发布日期:2020-01-14
  • 通讯作者: 丁锦峰,郭文善 E-mail:jfdin@yzu.edu.cn;wheat@yzu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:E-mail: 2659307381@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    本研究由国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFD0300405);国家自然科学基金项目(31771711);江苏省现代农业(小麦)产业技术体系建设项目, 江苏高校优势学科建设工程项目, 江苏高校品牌专业建设工程项目(PPZY2015A060);扬州大学科技创新团队项目资助

Characteristics of yield components and population quality in high-nitrogen- utilization wheat cultivars

DING Yong-Gang1,LI Fu-Jian1,WANG Ya-Hua1,TANG Xiao-Qing1,DU Tong-Qing2,ZHU Min1,LI Chun-Yan1,ZHU Xin-Kai1,DING Jin-Feng1,*(),GUO Wen-Shan1,*()   

  1. 1 Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Physiology / Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Crop Cultivation and Physiology / Jiangsu Co-innovation Center for Modern Production Technology of Grain Crops / Wheat Research Institute, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, Jiangsu, China
    2 Suining Plant Protection Management Station, Xuzhou 221200, Jiangsu, China
  • Received:2019-06-24 Accepted:2019-12-26 Online:2020-04-12 Published:2020-01-14
  • Contact: Jin-Feng DING,Wen-Shan GUO E-mail:jfdin@yzu.edu.cn;wheat@yzu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    This study was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China(2016YFD0300405);the National Natural Science Foundation of China(31771711);the Technology System of Modern Agriculture Industry (Wheat) in Jiangsu Province, the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions, the Top-notch Academic Programs Project of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions(PPZY2015A060);the Science and Technology Innovation Team of Yangzhou University

摘要:

在稻麦两熟条件下, 将2016—2017和2017—2018年江苏扬州参试的24个和江苏睢宁参试的23个小麦品种按氮肥表观利用率(NUR)划分为高效(NUR≥50%)、中效(NUR 40%~50%)和低效(NUR≤40%)品种类型, 比较其产量、产量构成因素和群体质量指标的差异, 为稻茬小麦品种选用和大面积高产高效生产提供参考。结果表明, 两年度在扬州均表现出高效的品种为扬麦25和宁麦21, 在睢宁为淮麦35。扬州和睢宁氮高效品种产量分别高于6500 kg hm -2和7000 kg hm -2, 均显著高于其他类型。与氮中效和氮低效品种相比, 氮高效品种具有较高的穗数, 穗粒数和千粒重品种类型间差异不显著。不同品种间产量和穗数与NUR均呈线性正相关。氮高效品种具有较高的孕穗期和开花期茎蘖数, 分蘖成穗率, 乳熟期叶面积指数, 孕穗期、开花期和成熟期干物质积累量, 花后干物质积累量和成熟期各营养器官干物质积累量。不同氮效率品种类型间花前干物质转运量和收获指数差异不显著。相关性分析表明, 两地不同品种类型间孕穗期和开花期茎蘖数、乳熟期LAI、主要生育时期干物质积累量、花后和成熟期各营养器官干物质积累量均与氮肥表观利用率呈极显著线性正相关。表明稻茬小麦氮高效品种生育早期表现出较强分蘖能力, 且生育后期具有较高叶面积指数和光合生产能力, 可用于灌浆的花后同化物质较多。本研究初步提出成熟期干物质积累量16,000~20,000 kg hm -2和花后干物质积量4100~6700 kg hm -2可作为稻茬小麦高产高效品种的筛选指标。

关键词: 稻茬小麦, 品种, 氮肥表观利用率, 产量构成, 群体质量

Abstract:

In the rice-wheat rotation system, 24 and 23 wheat cultivars were separately planted in Yangzhou and Suining of Jiangsu province in 2016-2017 and 2017-2018. According to nitrogen utilization rate (NUR), these cultivars were clustered into three groups, i.e., NUR-H (NUR ≥ 50%), NUR-M (NUR 40%-50%), and NUR-L (NUR ≤ 40%), to identify the differences in grain yield, yield components, and population quality, which would provide a reference for cultivar selection for high-yield and high-efficiency in wheat production. Yangmai 25 and Ningmai 21 in Yangzhou and Huaimai 35 in Suining showed NUR-H phenotypes in consecutive two years. Grain yield of the NUR-H cultivars was more than 6500 kg hm -2 in Yangzhou and 7000 kg hm -2 in Suining, which were significantly higher than those of NUR-M and NUR-L groups. NUR-H group had more spikes, and it grains per spike and 1000-grain weight were not significantly different from those of the other groups. Grain yield and spikes number were significantly positively correlated with NUR among different cultivars. More stem and tiller number, higher percentage of fertile tillers and higher leaf area index (LAI) at the milk-ripening stage were shown in the NUR-H group. A higher dry matter accumulation at stages of booting, anthesis, and maturity, after anthesis, and in the vegetative organs at maturity were found in the NUR-H group. However, there were no differences in dry matter remobilization and harvest index among different cultivars. Number of stems and tillers at booting and anthesis, LAI at the milk-ripe stage, and dry matter accumulation at each stage after anthesis, and in the vegetative organs at maturity were significantly positively correlated with NUR in the all cultivar in two sites. A vigorous tillering capacity at the early growing phase and a higher LAI and photosynthetic production at the late growth stages could be observed in NUR-H cultivars, resulting in more photosynthate for grain-filling. Furthermore, the critical parameters of cultivar screening for high-yield and high-efficiency in wheat following rice were proposed, that is 16,000-20,000 kg hm -2 dry matter accumulation at maturity and 4100-6700 kg hm -2 dry matter accumulation after anthesis.

Key words: wheat following rice, varieties, nitrogen utilization rate, yield components, population quality characteristics

图1

小麦不同生育阶段的积温、日照和降雨量 SD: 播种; BW: 越冬始期; EL: 拔节期; BS: 孕穗期; MS: 成熟期。"

表1

参试的各类型小麦品种"

年份
Year
地点
Site
品种类型
Variety type
氮肥表观
利用率
NUR range (%)
统计数
Number
品种
Cultivars
2016-2017 扬州 Yangzhou 氮高效 NUR-H ≥50 8 宁麦22 Ningmai 22, #扬麦25 Yangmai 25, #宁麦21 Ningmai 21, 扬麦21 Yangmai 21, 扬麦23 Yangmai 23, 扬辐麦4号 Yangfumai 4, 扬辐麦1025 Yangfumai 1025, 华麦7号 Huamai 7
氮中效 NUR-M 40-50 8 #扬麦13 Yangmai 13, 镇麦12 Zhenmai 12, 华麦6号 Huamai 6, 安农1124 Annong 1124, 苏麦188 Sumai 188, 镇麦11 Zhenmai 11, 扬麦20 Yangmai 20, 扬麦22 Yangmai 22
氮低效 NUR-L ≤40 8 浩麦1号 Haomai 1, #扬辐麦2054 Yangfumai 2054, #生选6号 Shengxuan 6, #宁麦23 Ningmai 23, #宁麦13 Ningmai 13, 苏麦11 Sumai 11, 扬麦16 Yangmai 16, #苏麦10号Sumai 10
氮高效 NUR-H ≥50 4 #淮麦35 Huaimai 35, 瑞华520 Ruihua 520, 冠麦1号Guanmai 1, 江麦919 Jiangmai 919
睢宁 Suining
氮中效 NUR-M 40-50 13 中育麦1211 Zhongyumai 1211, #保麦5号 Baomai 5, 烟农19 Yannong 19, 烟农999 Yannong 999, #淮麦33 Huaimai 33, 保麦6号 Baomai 6, 徐麦9158 Xumai 9158, #山农20 Shannong 20, 新麦26 Xinmai 26, 鄂麦596 Emai 596, 连麦7号 Lianmai 7, 淮麦32 Huaimai 32, 徐麦33 Xumai 33
氮低效 NUR-L ≤40 6 明麦1号 Mingmai 1, 济麦22 Jimai 22, #保麦2号 Baomai 2, #鄂麦580 Emai 580, 郑麦9023 Zhengmai 9023, 安农0711 Annong 0711
2017-2018 扬州 Yangzhou 氮高效 NUR-H ≥50 2 #扬麦25 Yangmai 25, #宁麦21 Ningmai 21
氮中效 NUR-M 40-50 6 苏麦11 Sumai 11, 华麦7号 Huamai 7, 浩麦1号 Haomai 1, 扬麦16 Yangmai 16, #扬麦13 Yangmai 13, 扬辐麦1025 Yangfumai 1025
氮低效 NUR-L ≤40 16 #宁麦13 Ningmai 13, 宁麦22 Ningmai 22, 安农1124 Annong 1124, 苏麦188 Sumai 188, #扬辐麦2054 Yangfumai 2054, 镇麦11 Zhenmai 11, #生选6号 Shengxuan 6, #宁麦23 Ningmai 23, #苏麦10号Sumai 10, 扬麦20 Yangmai 20, 华麦6号 Huamai 6, 扬麦22 Yangmai 22, 扬麦21 Yangmai 21, 扬麦23 Yangmai 23, 扬辐麦4号 Yangfumai 4, 镇麦12号 Zhenmai 12
睢宁 Suining 氮高效 NUR-H ≥50 2 #淮麦35 Huaimai 35, 郑麦9023 Zhengmai 9023
氮中效 NUR-M 40-50 7 安农0711 Annong 0711, 徐麦33 Xumai 33, #保麦5号Baomai 5, 明麦1号 Mingmai 1, 济麦22 Jimai 22, #山农20 Shannong 20, #淮麦33 Huaimai 33
氮低效 NUR-L ≤40 14 #保麦2号Baomai 2, 烟农19 Yannong 19, 徐麦9158 Xumai 9158, 冠麦1号 Guanmai 1, 瑞华520 Ruihua 520, 江麦919 Jiangmai 919, 淮麦32 Huaimai 32, 保麦6号Baomai 6, 中育麦1211 Zhongyumai 1211, 鄂麦596 Emai 596, #鄂麦580 Emai 580, 烟农999 Yannong 999, 新麦26 Xinmai 26, 连麦7号Lianmai 7

表2

不同氮效率品种类型间产量及其构成因素的差异"

年份
Year
地点
Site
品种类型
Variety type
氮肥表观利用率
NUR (%)
籽粒产量
Grain yield
(kg hm-2)
穗数
Spike number (×104 hm-2)
每穗粒数
Grains per spike
千粒重
1000-grain weight (g)
2016-2017 扬州
Yangzhou
氮高效NUR-H 52.4±1.9 a 7439±321 a 362±23 a 44.8±5.2 a 48.6±4.3 a
氮中效 NUR-M 43.2±1.7 b 6530±425 b 330±29 a 43.7±6.1 a 47.4±4.5 a
氮低效 NUR-L 34.9±2.3 c 5410±662 c 294±25 b 42.3±4.2 a 45.7±3.6 a
范围 Range 31.4-55.8 4158-7949 253-400 38.2-50.3 41.1-57.3
平均值 Mean 43.55 6470 331 43.0 47.3
睢宁
Suining
氮高效 NUR-H 52.4±1.4 a 9064±230 a 513±40 a 40.0±1.8 a 46.6±2.6 a
氮中效 NUR-M 46.2±2.4 b 8564±425 a 500±36 ab 40.1±4.3 a 45.2±1.9 a
氮低效 NUR-L 36.6±2.1 c 7084±767 b 434±53 b 37.4±3.3 a 47.1±2.1 a
范围 Range 33.5-53.5 6186-9370 373-563 33.1-48.8 41.6-50.5
平均值 Mean 44.44 8252 485 39.4 46.0
2017-2018 扬州
Yangzhou
氮高效 NUR-H 50.8±0.7 a 6964±578 a 433±29 a 41.6±0.9 a 39.9±1.7 a
氮中效 NUR-M 42.8±2.2 b 6397±462 ab 402±20 ab 43.5±3.3 a 39.2±3.1 a
氮低效 NUR-L 37.1±2.3 c 5806±478 b 383±24 b 42.6±3.2 a 38.0±2.7 a
范围 Range 38.9-53.6 4878-7373 324-454 36-47.5 34.2-44.4
平均值 Mean 39.7 6070 393 42.8 38.5
睢宁
Suining
氮高效 NUR-H 51.3±0.8 a 7097±101 a 505±2.8 a 37.6±0.7 a 41.3±0.6 a
氮中效 NUR-M 41.7±1.6 b 7114±373 a 495±25 a 36.6±3.7 a 42.0±3.5 a
氮低效 NUR-L 31.9±4.1 c 6249±473 b 444±38 b 36.9±1.5 a 39.7±3.2 a.
范围 Range 5237-7860 33.5-53.5 394-545 32.8-43.9 35.4-46.5
平均值 Mean 6533 36.27 463 37.0 40.8

图2

不同小麦品种产量与氮肥表观利用率的关系 *、**分别表示品种类型间差异显著(P < 0.05 )和差异极显著(P < 0.01)。"

图3

不同小麦品种产量构成因素与氮肥表观利用率关系 *表示品种类型间差异显著(P < 0.05 )。"

图4

不同氮效率品种类型间主要生育期茎蘖数差异 图中不同小写字母表示不同氮效率品种类型间差异达0.05显著水平。AS: 开花期; 其他缩写同图1和表1。"

表3

不同小麦品种间氮肥表观利用率与群体质量关键指标的相关性分析"

生长时期
Growth stage
指标
Parameter
2016-2017 2017-2018
扬州
Yangzhou
睢宁
Suining
扬州
Yangzhou
睢宁
Suining
拔节期 EL 茎蘖数Stem and tiller number (×104 hm-2) 0.781* 0.605* 0.166 0.223
孕穗期 BS 叶面积指数 LAI 0.765* 0.803* 0.350 0.353
干物质积累量 DMA (kg hm-2) 0.862** 0.701* 0.632* 0.609*
茎蘖数 Stem and tiller number (×104 hm-2) 0.779* 0.625* 0.799* 0.637*
开花期AS 叶面积指数 LAI 0.749* 0.886** 0.568* 0.171
干物质积累量 DMA (kg hm-2) 0.903** 0.717* 0.697* 0.801*
茎蘖数 Stem and tiller number (×104 hm-2) 0.760* 0.619* 0.637* 0.708*
乳熟期 MR 叶面积指数 LAI 0.554* 0.800* 0.536* 0.684*
成熟期 MS 干物质积累量 DMA (kg hm-2) 0.916** 0.802* 0.727* 0.785*
茎秆+叶鞘干物质积累量DMA in stem and leaf sheath (kg hm-2) 0.746* 0.497* 0.753* 0.546*
叶片干物质积累量 DMA in leaf blade (kg hm-2) 0.834* 0.610* 0.572* 0.739*
颖壳+穗轴干物质积累量DMA in rachis and glumes (kg hm-2) 0.842* 0.610* 0.303 0.575*
花后干物质积累量Post-anthesis dry matter (kg hm-2) 0.708* 0.743* 0.739* 0.858*
干物质转运量Dry matter remobilization (kg hm-2) 0.223 0.475 0.529* 0.317
收获指数 Harvest index -0.145 0.222 0.156 -0.093

图5

不同氮效率品种类型间分蘖成穗率的差异 图中不同小写字母表示不同氮效率品种类型间差异达0.05显著水平。"

图6

不同氮效率品种类型间主要生育时期LAI的差异 图中不同字母表示不同氮效率品种类型间差异达0.05显著水平。缩写同图1、表1和图4。"

表4

不同氮效率品种类型间主要生育时期干物质积累量的差异"

年度
Year
地点
Site
品种类型
Variety type
干物质积累量 Dry matter accumulation (kg hm-2)
孕穗期 Booting 开花期 Anthesis 成熟期 Maturity
2016-2017 扬州
Yangzhou
氮高效 NUR-H 6253±430 a 12728±289 a 18664±617 a
氮中效 NUR-M 4741±566 b 11041±853 b 16121±1566 b
氮低效 NUR-L 4183±636 b 9284±1028 c 13301±1360 c
睢宁
Suining
氮高效 NUR-H 8958±418 a 13037±1015 a 18954±1087 a
氮中效 NUR-M 8547±582 a 11683±1092 a 17505±1293 a
氮低效 NUR-L 7488±478 b 10104±868 b 14859±1201 b
2017-2018 扬州
Yangzhou
氮高效 NUR-H 9134±328 a 12372±664 a 16498±790 a
氮中效 NUR-M 8655±278 ab 11279±861 ab 14981±693 b
氮低效 NUR-L 8099±494 b 10335±810 b 13794±941 b
睢宁
Suining
氮高效 NUR-H 7984±526 a 11704±604 a 16342±332 a
氮中效 NUR-M 7235±752 ab 10295±966 b 14581±1147 b
氮低效 NUR-L 6625±744 b 9195±976 b 13260±1425 b

表5

不同氮效率品种类型间干物质转运量、花后干物质积累量和收获指数的差异"

年度
Year
地点
Site
品种类型
Variety type
干物质转运量
Dry matter remobilization
(kg hm-2 )
花后干物质积累量
Post-anthesis dry matter
accumulation (kg hm-2 )
收获指数
Harvest index
2016-2017 扬州
Yangzhou
氮高效 NUR-H 1448±299 a 6038±539 a 0.35±0.01 a
氮中效 NUR-M 1660±220 a 4889±554 b 0.36±0.02 a
氮低效 NUR-L 1369±366 a 4478±849 b 0.35±0.01 a
睢宁
Suining
氮高效 NUR-H 3147±213 a 5916±269 a 0.42±0.02 a
氮中效 NUR-M 2743±539 a 5821±528 a 0.44±0.02 a
氮低效 NUR-L 2431±490 a 4778±496 b 0.42±0.02 a
2017-2018 扬州
Yangzhou
氮高效 NUR-H 2010±251 a 4126±155 a 0.37±0.01 a
氮中效 NUR-M 1719±360 a 3701±348 ab 0.36±0.01 a
氮低效 NUR-L 1604±437 a 3459±386 b 0.37±0.02 a
睢宁
Suining
氮高效 NUR-H 1768±290 a 4558±391 a 0.38±0.01 a
氮中效 NUR-M 1464±370 a 4243±417 ab 0.39±0.01 a
氮低效 NUR-L 1260±184 a 3923±379 b 0.39±0.01 a

图7

参试品种成熟期和花后干物质积累量与氮肥表观利用率的关系 * 表示相关性显著(P<0.05)。"

表6

不同氮效率品种类型间成熟期营养器官干物质积累量的差异"

年度
Year
地点
Site
品种类型
Variety type
干物质积累量Dry matter accumulation (kg hm-2)
茎秆+叶鞘
Stem and leaf sheath
叶片
Leaf blade
穗轴+颖壳
Rachis and glumes
2016-2017 扬州
Yangzhou
氮高效 NUR-H 5421±276 a 1185±169 a 2268±234 a
氮中效 NUR-M 4598±520 b 1051±169 ab 1980±302 ab
氮低效 NUR-L 4001±629 b 895±176 b 1742±281 b
睢宁
Suining
氮高效 NUR-H 5787±794 a 2296±453 a 2984±410 a
氮中效 NUR-M 5262±518 ab 2086±411 a 2704±423 a
氮低效 NUR-L 4682±427 b 1487±264 b 2496±327 a
2017-2018 扬州
Yangzhou
氮高效 NUR-H 6405±275 a 1574±183 a 1770±217 a
氮中效 NUR-M 5872±708 a 1425±295 a 1722±527 a
氮低效 NUR-L 5679±592 a 1338±146 a 1374±243 b
睢宁
Suining
氮高效 NUR-H 6171±754 a 1612±183 a 1632±201 a
氮中效 NUR-M 5615±716 ab 1528±237 ab 1571±190 ab
氮低效 NUR-L 4926±735 b 1266±195 b 1430±221 b
[1] Liu H, Wang Z H, Yu R, Li F C, Li K Y, Cao H B, Yang N, Li M H, Dai J, Zan Y L, Li Q, Xue C, He G, Huang D L, Huang M, Liu J S, Qiu W H, Zhao H B, Mao H . Optimal nitrogen input for higher efficiency and lower environmental impacts of winter wheat production in China. Agric Ecosyst Environ, 2016,224:1-11.
[2] 王小纯, 王晓航, 熊淑萍, 马新明, 丁世杰, 吴克远, 郭建彪 . 不同供氮水平下小麦品种的氮效率差异及其氮代谢特征. 中国农业科学, 2015,48:2569-2579.
Wang X C, Wang X H, Xiong S P, Ma X M, Ding S J, Wu K Y, Guo J B . Differences in nitrogen efficiency and nitrogen metabolism of wheat varieties under different nitrogen. Sci Agric Sin, 2015,48:2569-2579 (in Chinese with English abstract).
[3] 张福锁, 王激清, 张卫峰, 崔振岭, 马文奇, 陈新平, 江荣风 . 中国主要粮食作物肥料利用率现状与提高途径. 土壤学报, 2008,45:915-924.
Zhang F S, Wang J Q, Zhang W F, Cui Z L, Ma W Q, Chen X P, Jiang R F . Current status and improvement of fertilizer utilization rate of main grain crops in China. Acta Pedol Sin, 2008,45:915-924 (in Chinese with English abstract).
[4] 何文寿, 储燕宁, 王彦才, 杨发 . 不同基因型小麦氮营养效率的差异. 宁夏农学院学报, 1997,18(4):29-34.
He W S, Chu Y N, Wang Y C, Yang F . Differences in nitrogen nutrition efficiency between different genotypes of wheat. J Ningxia Agric Coll, 1997,18(4):29-34 (in Chinese).
[5] 熊淑萍, 吴克远, 王小纯, 张捷, 杜盼, 吴懿鑫, 马新明 . 不同氮效率基因型小麦根系吸收特性与氮素利用差异的分析. 中国农业科学, 2016,49:2267-2279.
Xiong S P, Wu K Y, Wang X C, Zhang J, Du P, Wu Y X, Ma X M . Analysis of root absorption characteristics and nitrogen utilization of wheat genotypes with different N efficiency. Sci Agric Sin, 2016,49:2267-2279 (in Chinese with English abstract).
[6] 李继云, 刘秀娣, 周伟, 孙建华, 童依平, 刘文杰, 李振声, 王培田, 姚树江 . 有效利用土壤营养元素的作物育种新技术研究. 中国科学(B辑), 1995,25:41-48.
Li J Y, Liu X D, Zhou W, Sun J H, Tong Y P, Liu W J, Li Z S, Wang P T, Yao S J . Study on new techniques of crop breeding for effective utilization of soil nutrients. Sci China (Ser B), 1995,25:41-48 (in Chinese).
[7] 李淑文, 文宏达, 周彦珍, 李雁鸣, 肖凯 . 不同氮效率小麦品种氮素吸收和物质生产特性. 中国农业科学, 2006,39:1992-2000.
Li S W, Wen H D, Zhou Y Z, Li Y M, Xiao K . Characterization of nitrogen uptake and dry matter production in wheat varieties with different N efficiency. Sci Agric Sin, 2006,39:1992-2000 (in Chinese with English abstract).
[8] 张洋, 张继, 强晓敏, 翟丙年, 王朝辉 . 不同氮效率基因型冬小麦生理特征的比较研究. 植物营养与肥料学报, 2010,16:1319-1324.
Zhang Y, Zhang J, Qiang X M, Zhai B N, Wang Z H . Comparative study on physiological characteristics in winter wheat with different nitrogen use efficiency. Plant Nutr Fert Sci, 2010,16:1319-1324 (in Chinese with English abstract).
[9] 韩胜芳, 李淑文, 吴立强, 文宏达, 肖凯 . 不同小麦品种氮效率与氮吸收对氮素供应的响应及生理机制. 应用生态学报, 2007,18:807-812.
Han S F, Li S W, Wu L Q, Wen H D, Xiao K . Responses and corresponding physiological mechanisms of different wheat varieties in their nitrogen. Chin J Appl Ecol, 2007,18:807-812 (in Chinese with English abstract).
[10] 丁锦峰, 成亚梅, 黄正金, 李春燕, 郭文善, 朱新开 . 稻茬小麦不同氮效率群体花后物质生产与衰老特性差异分析. 中国农业科学, 2015,48:1063-1073.
Ding J F, Cheng Y M, Huang Z J, Li C Y, Guo W S, Zhu X K . Difference analysis of post-anthesis matter production and senescence characteristics among different nitrogen efficiency populations in wheat following rice. Sci Agric Sin, 2015,48:1063-1073 (in Chinese with English abstract).
[11] 吕伟仙, 葛滢, 吴建之, 常杰 . 植物中硝态氮、氨态氮、总氮测定方法的比较研究. 光谱学与光谱分析, 2004,2:204-206.
Lyu W X, Ge Y, Wu J Z, Chang J . Comparative study on determination methods of nitrate nitrogen, ammonia nitrogen and total nitrogen in plants. Spectroscopy Spectral Anal, 2004,2:204-206 (in Chinese).
[12] Zhang M M, Dong B D, Qiao Y Z, Shi C H, Yang H, Wang Y K, Liu M Y . Yield and water use responses of winter wheat to irrigation and nitrogen application in the North China plain. J Integr Agric, 2018,17:1194-1206.
[13] 李朝苏, 吴晓丽, 汤永禄, 李俊, 马孝玲, 李式昭, 黄明波, 刘淼 . 小麦产量对中后期氮素胁迫的响应及品种间差异. 作物学报, 2019,45:1260-1269.
Li C S, Wu X L, Tang Y L, Li J, Ma X L, Li S Z, Huang M B, Liu M . Response of yield and associated physiological characteristics for different wheat cultivars to nitrogen stress at mid-late growth stage. Acta Agron Sin, 2019,45:1260-1269 (in Chinese with English abstract).
[14] Lucie B, Raphaël C, David S, Sokrat S, Alexandra M, Dario F, Fabio M . Performance of eleven winter wheat varieties in a long term experiment on mineral nitrogen and organic fertilization. Field Crops Res, 2016,191:111-122.
[15] Dai X, Wang Y C, Dong X C, Qian T F, Yin L J, Dong S X, Chu J P, He M G . Delayed sowing can increase lodging resistance while maintaining grain yield and nitrogen use efficiency in winter wheat. Crop J, 2017,5:541-552.
[16] 魏艳丽, 王彬龙, 李瑞国, 蒋会利, 张平, 王磐, 张安静 . 施氮对不同小麦品种干物质分配、氮素吸收和产量的影响. 麦类作物学报, 2012,32:1134-1138.
Wei Y L, Wang B L, Li R G, Jiang H L, Zhang P, Wang P, Zhang A J . Effects of nitrogen fertilizer application on distribution of dry material, assimilation of nitrogen and yield of different wheat varieties. J Triticeae Crops, 2012,32:1134-1138 (in Chinese with English abstract).
[17] 吴金芝, 黄明, 王志敏, 李友军, 付国占, 陈明灿 . 极端晚播对小麦籽粒产量、氮素吸收利用和籽粒蛋白质含量的影响. 应用生态学报, 2018,29:185-192.
Wu J Z, Huang M, Wang Z M, Li Y J, Fu G Z, Chen M C . Effects of extremely-late sowing on the grain yield, nitrogen uptake and utilization and grain protein content in winter wheat. Chin J Appl Ecol, 2018,29:185-192 (in Chinese with English abstract).
[18] 张旭, 田中伟, 胡金玲, 修明, 姜东, 戴廷波 . 小麦氮素高效利用基因型的农艺性状及生理特性. 麦类作物学报, 2016,36:1315-1322.
Zhang X, Tian Z W, Hu J L, Xiu M, Jiang D, Dai T B . Agronomic and physiological characteristics of high efficient nitrogen utilization in wheat. J Triticeae Crops, 2016,36:1315-1322 (in Chinese with English abstract).
[19] 李法计, 徐学欣, 肖永贵, 何中虎, 王志敏 . 不同氮素处理对中麦175和京冬17产量相关性状和氮素利用效率的影响. 作物学报, 2016,42:1853-1863.
Li F J, Xu X X, Xiao Y G, He Z H, Wang Z M . Effect of nitrogen on yield related traits and nitrogen utilization efficiency in Zhongmai 175 and Jingdong 17. Acta Agron Sin, 2016,42:1853-1863 (in Chinese with English abstract).
[20] Pal R, Mahajan G, Sardana V, Chauhan B S . Impact of sowing date on yield, dry matter and nitrogen accumulation, and nitrogen translocation in dry-seeded rice in North-West India. Field Crops Res, 2017,206:138-148.
[21] 徐晴, 许甫超, 董静, 董建辉, 秦丹丹, 鲁梦莹, 李梅芳 . 小麦氮素利用效率的基因型差异及相关特性分析. 中国农业科学, 2017,50:2647-2657.
Xu Q, Xu F C, Dong J, Dong J H, Qin D D, Lu M Y, Li M F . Genotypic difference of nitrogen use efficiency of wheat and correlation analysis of the related characters. Sci Agric Sin, 2017,50:2647-2657 (in Chinese with English abstract).
[22] Tian Z W, Li Y, Liang Z H, Guo H, Cai J, Jiang D, Cao W X, Dai T B . Genetic improvement of nitrogen uptake and utilization of winter wheat in the Yangtze River Basin of China. Field Crops Res, 2016,196:251-260.
[23] Fuentes S I, Allen D J, Ortiz‐Lopez A, Hernández G, . Over-expression of cytosolic glutamine synthetase increases photosynthesis and growth at low nitrogen concentrations. J Exp Bot, 2001,52:1071-1081.
[24] 叶利庭, 吕华军, 宋文静, 图尔迪, 沈其荣, 张亚丽 . 不同氮效率水稻生育后期氮代谢酶活性的变化特征. 土壤学报, 2011,48:132-140.
Ye L T, Lyu H J, Song W J, Tu E D, Shen Q R, Zhang Y L . Changes of nitrogen metabolism enzyme activities in late growth stage of rice with different nitrogen efficiency. Acta Pedol Sin, 2011,48:132-140 (in Chinese).
[25] 袁晓磊, 田汇, 高亚军 . 不同氮利用效率小麦氮代谢相关基因的表达特征. 中国土壤与肥料, 2017, ( 1):48-55.
Yuan X L, Tian H, Gao Y J . Seasonal expression of genes related to nitrogen metabolism in wheat with different nitrogen utilization efficiencies. China Soils Fert, 2017, ( 1):48-55 (in Chinese with English abstract).
[1] 金容,李钟,杨云,周芳,杜伦静,李小龙,孔凡磊,袁继超. 密度和株行距配置对川中丘区夏玉米群体光分布及雌雄穗分化的影响[J]. 作物学报, 2020, 46(4): 614-630.
[2] 卫平洋,裘实,唐健,肖丹丹,朱盈,刘国栋,邢志鹏,胡雅杰,郭保卫,高尚勤,魏海燕,张洪程. 安徽沿淮地区优质高产常规粳稻品种筛选及特征特性[J]. 作物学报, 2020, 46(4): 571-585.
[3] 闫彩霞,王娟,张浩,李春娟,宋秀霞,孙全喜,苑翠玲,赵小波,单世华. 基于表型性状构建中国花生地方品种骨干种质[J]. 作物学报, 2020, 46(4): 520-531.
[4] 刘易科,朱展望,陈泠,邹娟,佟汉文,朱光,何伟杰,张宇庆,高春保. 基于SNP标记揭示我国小麦品种(系)的遗传多样性[J]. 作物学报, 2020, 46(02): 307-314.
[5] 李朝苏,吴晓丽,汤永禄,李俊,马孝玲,李式昭,黄明波,刘淼. 小麦产量对中后期氮素胁迫的响应及品种间差异[J]. 作物学报, 2019, 45(8): 1260-1269.
[6] 朱盈,徐栋,胡蕾,花辰,陈志峰,张振振,周年兵,刘国栋,张洪程,魏海燕. 江淮优良食味高产中熟常规粳稻品种的特征[J]. 作物学报, 2019, 45(4): 578-588.
[7] 刘月娥,吕天放,赵久然,王荣焕,徐田军,陈传永,张译天,王元东,刘秀芝. 不同玉米杂交品种吐丝持续期特性及其对播期的响应[J]. 作物学报, 2019, 45(2): 310-315.
[8] 陈诗豪,李正阳,陈佳露,张元卿,魏育明,郑有良,蒲至恩. 品种与栽培条件对小麦籽粒生物活性物质含量的影响[J]. 作物学报, 2019, 45(11): 1756-1763.
[9] 白彦明,李龙,王绘艳,柳玉平,王景一,毛新国,昌小平,孙黛珍,景蕊莲. 蚂蚱麦和小白麦衍生系的遗传多样性分析[J]. 作物学报, 2019, 45(10): 1468-1477.
[10] 许阳东,朱宽宇,章星传,王志琴,杨建昌. 绿色超级稻品种的农艺与生理性状分析[J]. 作物学报, 2019, 45(1): 70-80.
[11] 王宏民,成小芳,樊艳平,郑海霞,张耀文,张仙红. 绿豆不同品种对绿豆象的抗性初探[J]. 作物学报, 2018, 44(8): 1136-1141.
[12] 吕伟生,曾勇军,石庆华,潘晓华,黄山,商庆银,谭雪明,李木英,胡水秀,曾研华. 双季机插稻叶龄模式参数及高产品种特征[J]. 作物学报, 2018, 44(12): 1844-1857.
[13] 白冬梅,薛云云,赵姣姣,黄莉,田跃霞,权宝全,姜慧芳. 山西花生地方品种芽期耐寒性鉴定及SSR遗传多样性[J]. 作物学报, 2018, 44(10): 1459-1467.
[14] 屈佳伟, 高聚林, 于晓芳, 王志刚, 胡树平, 孙继颖, 苏治军, 谢岷, 青格尔. 不同氮效率玉米品种对土壤硝态氮时空分布及农田氮素平衡的影响[J]. 作物学报, 2018, 44(05): 737-749.
[15] 魏中艳, 李慧慧, 李骏, YasirA.Gamar, 马岩松, 邱丽娟. 应用SNP精准鉴定大豆种质及构建可扫描身份证[J]. 作物学报, 2018, 44(03): 315-323.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
[1] 杨建昌;张亚洁;张建华;王志琴;朱庆森. 水分胁迫下水稻剑叶中多胺含量的变化及其与抗旱性的关系[J]. 作物学报, 2004, 30(11): 1069 -1075 .
[2] 柯丽萍;郑滔;吴学龙;何海燕;陈锦清. 甘蓝型油菜SLG基因片段的克隆及序列分析[J]. 作物学报, 2008, 34(05): 764 -769 .
[3] 郑永美;丁艳锋;王强盛;李刚华;王惠芝;王绍华. 起身肥对水稻分蘖和氮素吸收利用的影响[J]. 作物学报, 2008, 34(03): 513 -519 .
[4] 梁太波;尹燕枰;蔡瑞国;闫素辉;李文阳;耿庆辉;王平;王振林. 大穗型小麦品种强、弱势籽粒淀粉积累和相关酶活性的比较[J]. 作物学报, 2008, 34(01): 150 -156 .
[5] 戴小军;梁满中;陈良碧. 栽培稻种内核糖体基因的ITS序列比较研究[J]. 作物学报, 2007, 33(11): 1874 -1878 .
[6] 阿加拉铁;曾龙军;薛大伟;胡江;曾大力;高振宇;郭龙彪;李仕贵;钱前. 水稻灌浆期不同阶段叶绿素含量的QTL分析[J]. 作物学报, 2008, 34(01): 61 -66 .
[7] 邵瑞鑫;上官周平. 外源一氧化氮供体SNP对受旱小麦光合色素含量和PS II光能利用能力的影响[J]. 作物学报, 2008, 34(05): 818 -822 .
[8] 吴影;宋丰顺;陆徐忠;赵 伟;杨剑波;李莉. 实时荧光PCR技术定量检测转基因大豆方法的研究[J]. 作物学报, 2007, 33(10): 1733 -1737 .
[9] 刘珊珊;田福东;高丽辉;王志坤;葛玉君;刁桂珠;李文滨. 大豆7S球蛋白亚基组成对品质性状的影响[J]. 作物学报, 2008, 34(05): 909 -913 .
[10] . 小麦穗和芒表面积的估测[J]. 作物学报, 1985, 11(02): 138 .