Welcome to Acta Agronomica Sinica,

Acta Agron Sin ›› 2009, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (9): 1715-1721.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2009.01715


Accumulation and Transportation Characteristics of Dry Matter after Anthesis in Different Mung Bean Cultivars

GAO Xiao-Li1,SUN Jian-Min2,GAO Jin-Feng1,FENG Bai-Li1,WANG Peng-Ke1,CHAI Yan1*   

  1. 1 College of Agronomy, Northwest A&F University; 2 College of Information Engineering, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
  • Received:2008-12-22 Revised:2009-04-25 Online:2009-09-12 Published:2009-07-04
  • Contact: CAI Yan, E-mail: chai.yan@163.com


The dry matter accumulation is the basis for yield formation in crops, and its transportation determines the nutrient flow and seed yield. In order to find out the internal mechanisms of yield-formation of mung bean, investigated the accumulation, distribution and transportation characteristics of dry matter in the above-ground organs consisting of stalks, leaves, pod shells and seeds during flowering to maturing by using mung bean high-yielding cultivars Jilü 2 and An 9910, and low-yielding cultivars Chifeng and Tailai in the summer-sowing areas. The results showed that the change of dry matter accumulation in both of plant and seeds presented the “S” curves after anthesis, the key stage for yield formation of plant biomass and seeds was at 16–31 days after anthesis, the main source organ of grain-filling was the leaves at flowering nodes on the main stem with the biggest contribution to grain yield. Significant differences were observed between different genotypes, the accumulation and transportation capacities of the high-yielding cultivars (Jilü 2 and An 9910) were greater than those of the low-yielding cultivars, especially for the accumulation of dry matter in the leaves at the flowering node on the main stems, so higher yield and harvest index were achieved in the high-yielding cultivars. Therefore, the major practice to achive higher yield in the mung bean production should be to choose the cultivars with multi-pods and bigger grain, to enhance the field management after anthesis to maintain longer function duration of leaves at flowering nodes on the main stem, and to remove the invalid branches to improve the transportation and distribution of dry matter as well.

Key words: Mung bean, Accumulation of dry matter, Transportation of dry matter

[1] Kong L-H(孔丽红), Zhao Y-L(赵玉路), Zhou F-P(周福平). The relations of the high production and the wheat dry matter accumulation and the revolution. J Shanxi Agric Sci (山西农业科学), 2007, 35(8): 6-8 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[2] Zhang Y-S(张银锁), Yu Z-R(宇振荣), Driessen P M. Experimental study of assimilate production, partitioning and translocation among plant organs in summer maize (Zea mays) under various environmental and management conditions. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2002, 28(1): 104-109 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[3] Liu W-D(刘万代), Yin J(尹钧), Zhu G-J(朱高纪). Effects of leaf removal on dry matter accumulation and grain yield in different spike-type wheat varieties. Sci Agric Sin (中国农业科学), 2007, 39(7): 1353-1360 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[4] Zhang L-Z(张立桢), Cao W-X(曹卫星), Zhang S-P(张思平). Dynamic simulation on dry matter partitioning and yield formation in cotton. Sci Agric Sin (中国农业科学), 2004, 37(11): 1621-1627 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[5] Tang L(汤亮), Zhu Y(朱艳), Sun X-F(孙小芳), Cao W-X(曹卫星). Dynamic simulation model for photosynthesis and dry matter accumulation in rapeseed. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2007, 33(2): 189-195 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[6] Li D-H(李大恒), Tu N-M(屠乃美). Studies on the characters of dry matter production and transition in two-line hybrid rice. Chin Agric Sci Bull (中国农学通报), 2006, 22(1): 114-117 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[7] Liu J-F(刘建丰), Yuan L-P(袁隆平), Deng Q-Y(邓启云), Chen L-Y(陈立云), Cai Y-D(蔡义东). A study on characteristics of photosynthesis in super high-yielding hybrid rice. Sci Agric Sin (中国农业科学), 2005, 38(2): 258-264 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[8] Huang Z-H(黄智鸿), Wang S-Y(王思远), Bao Y(包岩), Liang X-H(梁煊赫), Sun G(孙刚), Shen L(申林), Cao Y(曹洋), Wu C-S(吴春胜). Studies on dry matter accumulation and distributive characteristic in super high-yield maize.J Maize Sci (玉米科学), 2007, 15(3): 95-98(in Chinese with English abstract)

[9] Gao X-L(高小丽), Sun J-M(孙健敏), Gao J-F(高金锋), Feng B-L(冯佰利), Chai Y(柴岩), Jia Z-K(贾志宽). Photosynthetic performance in the leaves of different mung bean genotypes.Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2007, 33(7): 1154-1161(in Chinese with English abstract)

[10] Gao Q-R(高庆荣), Sun L-Z(孙兰珍), Liu B-S(刘保申). Accumulation transportation and distribution of dry matter after anthesis in hybrid wheat. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2000, 26(2): 163-170(in Chinese with English abstract)

[11] Shen X-S(沈学善), Zhu Y-J(朱云集), Guo T-C(郭天财), Li G-Q(李国强), Qu H-J(屈会娟). Effects of sulfur application on accumulation and transportation of photoassimilate of two winter wheat cultivars with different gluten.Plant Nutr Fertr Sci (植物营养与肥料学报), 2008, 14(1): 17-21 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[12] Hu X-P(胡小平), Wang C-F(王长发). SAS Basic and Statistical Example Course(SAS基础及统计实例教程). Xi’an: Xi’an Map Press, 2001. pp 73-85 (in Chinese)

[13] Zhou J-H(周均湖), Li S-Z(李素真), Wang Q-Y(王秋云), Sun L-M(孙雷鸣), Zhao K(赵凯). The dry matter accumulation of plant and grain in different super wheat genotypes. Shandong Agric Sci (山东农业科学), 2006, (4): 13-15(in Chinese with English abstract)

[14] Zou D-S(邹冬生), Zheng P-Y(郑呸尧). Studies on the relationship between photosynthetic capacities and formations of dry matter and seed yield in soybean plants. Soybean Sci (大豆科学), 1991, 10(3): 217-225(in Chinese with English abstract)

[15] Belikov I F, Pirskii L I. Violation of the local distribution of assimilates in soybean. Soviet Plant Physiol, 1966, 13: 361-364

[16] Hume D J, Criswell J G. Distribution and utilization of 14C-labelled assimilates in soybeans. Crop Sci, 1973, 13: 519-524

[17] Xia M-Z(夏明忠). Effects of broad bean leaves in different positions on the yield of plant and photosynthetic compensation after defoliation. Plant Physiol Commun (植物生理学通讯), 1987, (1): 12-17(in Chinese with English abstract)

[18] Lucas E O, Milbourn G M, Whitford P N. The translocation of 14C-photosynthate from leaves. Ann Appl Biol, 1976, 83: 285-290

[19] Waters L Jr, Breen P J, Mack H J. Translocation of 14C-photosynthate carbohydrate content and nitrogen fixation in Phaseolus vulgaris L. during reproductive development. J Am Soc Hort Sci, 1980, 105: 424-427

[20] Wien H C, Altschuler S L, Ozbun J L, Wallace D H. 14C-assimilate distribution in Phaseolus vulgaris L. During the reproductive period. J Am Soc Hort Sci, 1976, 101: 510-513

[21] Liu H-C(刘厚诚), Guan P-C(关佩聪), Chen R-Y(陈日远). Translocation and distribution of 14C-photosynthate in asparagus bean

[Vigna unguiculata W. ssp. sesquipedals (L.) Verd]. Acta Agric Nucl Sin (核农学报), 1996, 10(1): 30-34(in Chinese with English abstract)

[22] Zhan X-M(战秀梅), Han X-R(韩晓日), Yang J-F(杨劲峰), Liu X-H(刘小虎), Ma L-L(马玲玲). Dynamics changes of dry matter accumulation of maize as affected by different quantity of nitrogen and phosphorus and potassium. Chin J Soil Sci (土壤通报), 2007, 38(3): 495-499(in Chinese with English abstract)

[23] Wei J-J(魏建军), Liu J-G(刘建国), Dong Z-X(董志新), Lei Y-W(雷咏雯). Regulation of source and sink manipulation on photosynthesis and metabolism assimilates in soybean. Xinjiang Agri Sci (新疆农业科学), 2004, 41(2): 65-68 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[24] Gao X-L(高小丽), Sun J-M(孙健敏), Gao J-F(高金锋), Feng B-L(冯佰利), Chai Y(柴岩), Jia Z-K(贾志宽). Leaf aging and reactive oxygen metabolism in different genotypes of mung bean.Sci Agric Sin (中国农业科学), 2008, 41(9): 2873-2880 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[25] Kuo C G. Physiological basis on increasing mungbean yield. Rain Fed Crops (杂粮作物), 1985, (2): 39-41 (in Chinese)
[1] DANG Ke, GONG Xiang-Wei, LYU Si-Ming, ZHAO Guan, TIAN Li-Xin, JIN Fei, YANG Pu, FENG Bai-Li, GAO Xiao-Li. Effects of nitrogen application rate on photosynthetic characteristics and yield of mung bean under the proso millet and mung bean intercropping [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2021, 47(6): 1175-1187.
[2] YE Wei-Jun,CHEN Sheng-Nan,YANG Yong,ZHANG Li-Ya,TIAN Dong-Feng,ZHANG Lei,ZHOU Bin. Development of SSR markers and genetic diversity analysis in mung bean [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2019, 45(8): 1176-1188.
[3] YU Qi,FENG Nai-Jie,WANG Shi-Ya,ZUO Guan-Qiang,ZHENG Dian-Feng. Effects of S3307 on the photosynthesis and yield of mung bean at R1 and R5 stages under waterlogging stress [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2019, 45(7): 1080-1089.
[4] Yan-Ping FAN,Xiao-Fang CHENG,Hong-Min WANG,Yao-Wen ZHANG,Xian-Hong ZHANG. Stability of Trypsin Inhibitor in Foun Bruchid-Resistant Mung Bean Varieties [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2018, 44(6): 867-875.
[5] FAN Yan-Ping,ZHANG Yao-Wen,ZHAO Xue-Ying,ZHANG Xian-Hong. Activity and Physico Chemical Properties of Trypsin Inhibitor in Bruchid-Resistant Mung Bean [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2017, 43(11): 1696-1704.
[6] WANG Jian-Hua,ZHANG Yao-Wen,CHENG Xu-Zhen,WANG Li-Xia. Construction of New Genetic Map and Identification of QTLs Related to Agronomic Traits in Mung Bean [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2017, 43(07): 1096-1102.
[7] GAO Xiao-Li, GAO Jin-Feng, FENG Bai-Li, WANG Feng-Ke, CHAI Yan. Anatomical Structure of Leaf in Different Mung Bean Varieties [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2012, 38(01): 181-185.
[8] GAO Xiao-Li;SUN Jian-Min;GAO Jin-Feng;FENG Bai-Li;CHAI Yan;JIA Zhi-Kuan. Photosynthetic Performance in the Leaves of Different Mung Bean Genotypes [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2007, 33(07): 1154-1161.
[9] YANG Jia-Ding; ZHAO Ha-Lin; ZHANG Tong-Hui. Different Capacities of Adaptation to High Irradiance of Horqin Sandy Land in Mung bean and Millet Based on Their Leaf Photosynthesis [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2004, 30(03): 232-235.
Full text



No Suggested Reading articles found!