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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2010, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (07): 1092-1099.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2010.01092


QTL Mapping of Agronomic and Quality Traits in Soybean under Different Post-Flowering Photoperiods

WANG Ying,CHENG Li-Rui**,LENG Jian-Tian,WU Cun-Xiang,HOU Wen-Sheng,HAN Tian-Fu*   

  1. Institute of Crop Sciences/National Key Facility for Crop Gene Resources and Genetic Improvement,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Beijing 100081,China
  • Received:2009-12-28 Revised:2010-03-19 Online:2010-07-12 Published:2010-04-28
  • Contact: HAN Tian-Fu, E-mail: hantf@mail.caas.net.cn; Tel: 010-82108784

Abstract: Most of agronomic and quality traits of soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.) are quantitatively inherited, and sensitive to photoperiod. In this study, 181recombinant inbred lines (RIL) of F10 generation were used to analyze the post-flowering photoperiod effects on yield and quality traits of soybean, and 129 SSR markers were used to map QTLs associated with the above traits under both long day (LD) and short day (SD) conditions and their photoperiod sensitivity (PS). The results showed that photoperiod greatly affected the performances of agronomic and quality traits of soybean, and the photoperiod sensitivity of the traits were plant height.node number on the main stem>protein content and oil content>100-seed weight>pod number per plant>total percentage of protein and oil. By using CIM (composite interval mapping) method, a total of 12 QTLs associated with the agronomic and quality traits and their sensitivity to the post-flowering photoperiod were identified and mapped on eight linkage groups including A1, A2, B1, B2, C1, D1a, F and L. Among the QTLs mentioned above, four were identified under SD and could explain 11.37%–26.63% of phenotypic variation, and three were identified under LD condition and could explain 11.84%–27.85% of phenotypic variation. The other five were associated with photoperiod sensitivity of various traits and could explain 6.15%–21.44% of phenotypic variation. For the same individual agronomic or quality trait, no major QTL was detected under both SD and LD, indicating that post-flowering photoperiod dramatically regulates the expression of genes determining yield and quality traits, and the agronomic and quality traits of soybean are sensitive to environmental factors. It was drawn that photoperiod sensitivity is a key index for adaptability improvement of soybean. For breeding elite varieties with ideal yield potential, quality and stress tolerance, the photoperiod-insensitive genes related to various traits should be explored and pyramided with other needed genes.

Key words: Soybean, Post-flowering photoperiod, Agronomic trait, Quality trait, QTL mapping

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