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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2011, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (05): 882-894.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2011.00882


Characteristics of Nutrient Uptake and Utilization of Mid-Season Hybrid Rice under Different Nitrogen Application Rates in Different Locations of Southwest China

XU Fu-Xian,XIONG Hong,ZHANG Lin,GUO Xiao-Yi,ZHU Yong-Chuan,ZHOU Xing-Bin,LIU Mao   

  1. Rice and Sorghum Institute, Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Luzhou 646000, China
  • Received:2010-09-28 Revised:2011-01-06 Online:2011-05-12 Published:2011-03-24

Abstract: The characteristics of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) uptake and their utilization of mid-season hybrid rice were studied. Field experiment were conducted with mid-season rice combinations II-you 7 and Yuxiangyou 203 grown under the condition of different ecological sites, chemical qualities of soil and the levels of N application in 2009. By using variance, correlation, regression and partial correlation analysis, the results indicated that significant or highly significant differences of grain yield, dry matter production, uptake amount and harvest indexes of N, P, K and N, P, K requirements of above ground plants for producing of 1 000 kg grains (RAGPPG) were found among seven locations. There were significant or highly significant effects of fertilizer application treatments on grain yield, dry matter production, uptake amount, harvest index and N among RAGPPG, but no effect on P and K among RAGPPG. Highly significantly positive correlations were observed among harvest indexes of N, P, K and among RAGPPG, but not between harvest indexes of N, P, K; RAGPPG and grain yield. Multiple stepwise regression analysis showed that harvest indexes of N, P, K and RAGPPG were significantly influenced by different ecological sites, chemical qualities of soil and the levels of N application, and the determination coefficients ranged from 0.5972–0.8404 and 0.7637–0.8804。The results provide a scientific basis for the determination of the efficient amount of N, P, and K applied for full scale rice cultivation.

Key words: Mid-season hybrid rice, Ecological site, Soil chemical quality, Nitrogen application level, Nutrient use efficiency

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