Welcome to Acta Agronomica Sinica,

Acta Agron Sin ›› 2012, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (06): 1107-1114.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2012.01107

• RESEARCH NOTES • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effect of Nitrogen Application Level on Nitrogen Use Efficiency in Wheat and Soil Nitrate-N Content under Bed Planting Condition

FENG Bo,KONG Ling-An,ZHANG Bin,SI Ji-Sheng,LI Sheng-Dong,WANG Fa-Hong*   

  1. Crop Research Institute, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences / Key Laboratory for Genetic Improvement of Crop, Animal and Poultry of Shandong Province, Jinan 250100, China
  • Received:2011-10-19 Revised:2012-02-22 Online:2012-06-12 Published:2012-03-29
  • Contact: 王法宏, E-mail: wheat-cul@163.com E-mail:fengbo109@yahoo.cn

Abstract: The variation of nitrate-N content in soil was observed in winter wheat under bed planting, and the N use efficiency and yield were compared between cultivation patterns of bed planting and flat planting. The amount of N accumulation in wheat plant, N harvest index, and grain yield of wheat were increased with the increase of N application rate, but the N use efficiency and the soil N contribution tended to decrease. At low N application rate (0–66 kg ha-1), the possibility of nitrate-N leaching was declined with no massive accumulation at 0–100 cm soil layer. At high N application rate (165–264 kg ha-1), the content of nitrate-N in 60–100 cm soil layer increased and began to move down in the soil. Cultivation pattern had an effect on N use efficiency, of which bed planting showed higher N use efficiency and wheat yield than flat planting. In flat planting pattern, nitrate-N was mostly accumulated in soil of 60–80 cm depth, which was shallower than that in flat planting (80–100 cm).Cultivation pattern had larger effect on N use efficiency than N application rate; whereas, N application had larger effect on N harvest index, grain yield, and harvest index than cultivation pattern. Under the experimental condition, high N use efficiency and N harvest index were observed in N application treatment of 165 kg ha-1, and the N use efficiency of wheat was significantly higher in bed planting (45.32–47.25%) than in flat planting (35.75–36.41%). The highest grain yields were 8 078.31 kg ha-1 in flat planting and 8 212.27 kg ha-1 in bed planting, which were both obtained in N application treatment of 264 kg ha-1.

Key words: Cultivation pattern, Winter wheat, Nitrogen application level, Nitrogen use efficiency, Nitrate-N in soil

[1]Zhang G-L(张国梁), Zhang S(章申). Progress on nitrogen leaching loss of field. Soils (土壤), 1998, (6): 291–297 (in Chinese)

[2]Cao R-L(曹仁林), Jia X-K(贾晓葵). The questions and countermeasures of prevent and cure on nitrogen pollution in Chinese contracted farming. Soil & Fert (土壤与肥料), 2001, (3): 3–6 (in Chinese)

[3]Liu H-B(刘宏斌), Zhang Y-G(张云贵), Li Z-H (李志宏), Zhang W-L(张维理), Lin B(林葆). Nitrate contamination of deep groundwater in rural plain areas of Beijing. Acta Pedol Sin (土壤学报), 2005, 42(3): 411–418 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[4]Xiong Z-Q(熊正琴), Xing G-X(邢光熹), Shen G-Y(沈光裕). Research on pollution of nitrogen in water of Taihu area and well. Ecol Environ Village (农村生态环境), 2002, 18(2): 29–33 (in Chinese)

[5]Liu G-D(刘光栋), Wu W-L(吴文良). Research on slim of soil NO3-N and population of groundwater in high yield field of Huantai. Chin J Eco-agric (中国生态农业学报), 2002, 10(4): 71–74 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[6]Li S-Q(李世清), Li S-X(李生秀). Leaching loss of nitrate from semiarid area agro-ecosystem. Chin J Appl Ecol (应用生态学报), 2000, 11(2): 240–242 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[7]Riley W. J, Ortiz-Monasterio I, Matson P A. Nitrogen leaching and soil nitrate, nitrite and ammonium levels under irrigated wheat in northern Mexico. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst, 2001, 61: 223–236

[8]Zhou S-L(周顺利), Zhang F-S(张福锁), Wang X-R(王兴仁). Studies on the spastic-temporal variations of soil NO3-N and apparent budget of soil nitrogen: I. Winter wheat. Acta Ecol Sin (生态学报), 2001, 21(11): 1782–1789 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[9]Shi Y(石玉), Yu Z-W(于振文). Effects of nitrogen fertilizer rate and ratio of base and topdressing on yield of wheat, content of soil nitrate and nitrogen balance. Acta Ecol Sin (生态学报), 2006, 26(11): 3662–3669 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[10]Ma X-H(马兴华), Yu Z-W(于振文), Liang X-F(梁晓芳), Yan H(严红), Shi G-P(施桂萍). Effects of nitrogen application rate and its basal/top-dressing ratio on spatio-temporal variations of soil NO3-N and NH4-N contents. Chin J Appl Ecol (应用生态学报), 2006, 17(4): 630–634 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[11]Laflen J M, Baker J L, Hartwig R O, Buchele W F, Johnsonl H P. Soil and water loss from conservation tillage systems. Trans ASAE, 1978, 21: 881–885

[12]Hamlett J M, Baker J L, Horton R. Water and anion movement under ridge tillage: a field study. Trans ASAE, 1990, 33: 1859–1866

[13]Bargar B, Swan J B, Jsynes D. Soil water recharge under uncropped ridges and furrows. Soil Sci Soc Am J, 1999, 63: 1290–l299

[14]Jaynes D B, Swan J B. Solute movement in uncropped ridge-tilled soil under natural rainfall. Soil Sci Soc Am J, 1999, 63: 264–269

[15]Ress1er D E, Horton R, Kaspar T C. Localized soil management in fertilizer injection zone to reduce nitrate leaching. Agron J, 1998, 90: 747–752

[16]Zhao Y-G(赵允格), Shao M-A(邵明安), Zhang X-C(张兴昌). Impact of localized compaction and ridge fertilization on field nitrate transport and nitrate use efficiency. Chin J Appl Ecol (应用生态学报), 2004, 15(1): 68–72 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[17]Limon-Ortega A, Sayre K D, Francis C A. Wheat nitrogen use efficiency in a bed planting system in northwest Mexico. Agron J, 2000, 92: 303–308

[18]Wang F H, Wang X Q, Sayre K. Comparison of conventional, flood irrigated, flat planting with furrow irrigated, raised bed planting for winter wheat in China. Field Crops Res, 2004, 87: 35–42

[19]Huo Z-Y(霍中洋), Ge X(葛鑫), Zhang H-C(张洪程), Dai Q-G(戴其根), Xu K(许轲), Gong Z-K(龚振恺). Effect of different nitrogen application types on n-absorption and utilization rate of specific use cultivars of wheat. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2004, 30(5): 270–277 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[20]Zhang Q-J(张庆江), Zhang L-Y(张立言), Bi H-W(毕桓武). The absorption, accumulation and translocation of nitrogen and their relationships to grain protein content in spring wheat variety. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 1997, 23(6): 712–717 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[21]Li J-C(李金才), Qu H-J(屈会娟), Wei F-Z(魏凤珍). Effects of nitrogen application techniques on grain yield and quality in winter wheat. J Henan Agric Sci (河南农业科学), 2005, (2): 27–33 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[22]Raun W R, Johnson G V. Improving nitrogen use efficiency for cereal production. Agron J, 1999, 91: 357–364

[23]Liu X-X(刘晓欣), Hu C-S(胡春胜), Cheng Y-S(程一松). Effects of different fertilizers on crop yields and nitrate accumulation. Agric Res Arid Areas (干旱地区农业研究), 2003, 21(3): 38–42 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[24]Fan J(樊军), Hao M-D(郝明德), Dang T-H(党廷辉). Effect of long-term fertilization on distribution and accumulation of NO3-N in profile of dry-land. Soil & Environ (土壤与环境), 2000, 9(1): 23–26 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[25]Liu X-J(刘学军), Ju X-T(巨晓棠), Zhang F-S(张福锁). Effect of reduced application on nitrogen utilization and balance in winter wheat-summer maize cropping system. Chin J Appl Ecol (应用生态学报), 2004, 15(3): 458–462 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[26]Sun C-F(孙传范), Dai T-B(戴廷波), Cao W-X(曹卫星). Effect of the enhanced ammonium nutrition on the growth and nitrogen utilization of wheat under different levels. Plant Nutr Fert Sci (植物营养与肥料学报), 2003, 9(1): 33–38 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[27]Zhang S-L(张树兰), Tong Y-A(同延安), Liang D-L(梁东丽), Lü D-Q(吕殿青). Nitrate-N movement in the soil profile as influenced by rate and timing of nitrogen application. Acta Pedol Sin (土壤学报), 2004, 41(2): 270–277 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[28]Lü D-Q(吕殿青), Tong Y-A(同延安). Effect of nitrogen fertilization application on environment pollution. Plant Nutr Fert Sci (植物营养与肥料学报), 1998, 4(1): 8–15 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[29]Zhou S-L(周顺利), Zhang F-S(张福锁), Wang X-R(王兴仁), Mi G-H(米国华), Mao D-R(毛达如). Research of comparison on nitrogen absorption and utilization in different varieties of winter wheat on high yield conditions. Soil & Fert (土壤肥料), 2000, (6): 20–23 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[30]Zhang G-P(张国平), Zhang G-H(张光恒). Studies on variation among wheat genotype in N utilization. Plant Nutr Fert Sci (植物营养与肥料学报), 1996, 2(4): 331–336 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[1] GUO Xing-Yu, LIU Peng-Zhao, WANG Rui, WANG Xiao-Li, LI Jun. Response of winter wheat yield, nitrogen use efficiency and soil nitrogen balance to rainfall types and nitrogen application rate in dryland [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(5): 1262-1272.
[2] YUAN Jia-Qi, LIU Yan-Yang, XU Ke, LI Guo-Hui, CHEN Tian-Ye, ZHOU Hu-Yi, GUO Bao-Wei, HUO Zhong-Yang, DAI Qi-Gen, ZHANG Hong-Cheng. Nitrogen and density treatment to improve resource utilization and yield in late sowing japonica rice [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(3): 667-681.
[3] LIU Yun-Jing, ZHENG Fei-Na, ZHANG Xiu, CHU Jin-Peng, YU Hai-Tao, DAI Xing-Long, HE Ming-Rong. Effects of wide range sowing on grain yield, quality, and nitrogen use of strong gluten wheat [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(3): 716-725.
[4] WANG Yan, CHEN Zhi-Xiong, JIANG Da-Gang, ZHANG Can-Kui, ZHA Man-Rong. Effects of enhancing leaf nitrogen output on tiller growth and carbon metabolism in rice [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(3): 739-746.
[5] WANG Yang-Yang, HE Li, REN De-Chao, DUAN Jian-Zhao, HU Xin, LIU Wan-Dai, GU Tian-Cai, WANG Yong-Hua, FENG Wei. Evaluations of winter wheat late frost damage under different water based on principal component-cluster analysis [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(2): 448-462.
[6] JIN Yi-Rong, LIU Jin-Dong, LIU Cai-Yun, JIA De-Xin, LIU Peng, WANG Ya-Mei. Genome-wide association study of nitrogen use efficiency related traits in common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2021, 47(3): 394-404.
[7] LIU Yan-Lan, GUO Xian-Shi, ZHANG Xu-Cheng, MA Ming-Sheng, WANG Hong-Kang. Effects of planting density and fertilization on dry matter accumulation, yield and water-fertilizer utilization of dryland potato [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2021, 47(2): 320-331.
[8] ZHANG Yu-Xun, QI Tuo-Ye, SUN Yuan, QU Xiang-Ning, CAO Yuan, WU Meng-Yao, LIU Chun-Hong, WANG Lei. Vegetation characteristics of GF-6 remote sensing image and application on LAI retrieval of winter wheat at seedling stage [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2021, 47(12): 2532-2540.
[9] HUANG Heng, JIANG Heng-Xin, LIU Guang-Ming, YUAN Jia-Qi, WANG Yuan, ZHAO Can, WANG Wei-Ling, HUO Zhong-Yang, XU Ke, DAI Qi-Gen, ZHANG Hong-Cheng, LI De-Jian, LIU Guo-Lin. Effects of side deep placement of nitrogen on rice yield and nitrogen use efficiency [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2021, 47(11): 2232-2249.
[10] HU Xin-Hui, GU Shu-Bo, ZHU Jun-Ke, WANG Dong. Effects of applying potassium at different growth stages on dry matter accumulation and yield of winter wheat in different soil-texture fields [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2021, 47(11): 2258-2267.
[11] ZHOU Bao-Yuan, GE Jun-Zhu, SUN Xue-Fang, HAN Yu-Ling, MA Wei, DING Zai-Song, LI Cong-Feng, ZHAO Ming. Research advance on optimizing annual distribution of solar and heat resources for double cropping system in the Yellow-Huaihe-Haihe Rivers plain [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2021, 47(10): 1843-1853.
[12] LUO Wen-He, SHI Zu-Jiao, WANG Xu-Min, LI Jun, WANG Rui. Effects of water saving and nitrogen reduction on soil nitrate nitrogen distribution, water and nitrogen use efficiencies of winter wheat [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2020, 46(6): 924-936.
[13] Lei ZHOU,Qiu-Yuan LIU,Jin-Yu TIAN,Meng-Hua ZHU,Shuang CHENG,Yang CHE,Zhi-Jie WANG,Zhi-Peng XING,Ya-Jie HU,Guo-Dong LIU,Hai-Yan WEI,Hong-Cheng ZHANG. Differences in yield and nitrogen absorption and utilization of indica-japonica hybrid rice varieties of Yongyou series [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2020, 46(5): 772-786.
[14] Zhi-Yuan YANG,Na LI,Peng MA,Tian-Rong YAN,Yan HE,Ming-Jin JIANG,Teng-Fei LYU,Yu LI,Xiang GUO,Rong HU,Chang-Chun GUO,Yong-Jian SUN,Jun MA. Effects of methodical nitrogen-water distribution management on water and nitrogen use efficiency of rice [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2020, 46(3): 408-422.
[15] Fei-Na ZHENG,Jin-Peng CHU,Xiu ZHANG,Li-Wei FEI,Xing-Long DAI,Ming-Rong HE. Interactive effects of sowing pattern and planting density on grain yield and nitrogen use efficiency in large spike wheat cultivar [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2020, 46(3): 423-431.
Full text



No Suggested Reading articles found!