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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2012, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (10): 1943-1947.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2012.01943

• AGRICULTURAL ARCHAEOLOGY • Previous Articles    

Ancient Rice Unearthed from Wells of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty Ruins at Daping Shuangyan of Li County in Hunan Province

XIANG An-Qiang1,2,ZHANG Wen-Xu3,CAO Yi4,LIU Gui-Fu5   

  1. 1 Research Centre for Science, Technology and Civilization, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China; 2 Department of Sociology, College of Public Management, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China; 3 College of Agriculture and Biotechnology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China; 4 Li County Museum of Hunan Province, Li County 415500, China; 5 College of Agriculture, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China
  • Received:2012-03-31 Revised:2012-06-30 Online:2012-10-12 Published:2012-07-27


 Three ancient carbonized unhusked rice and seven carbonized rice grains from wells of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty ruins at Daping Shuangyan in Hunan were morphologically analyzed. The results showed that Shuangyan ancient rice has the features of big grain and many similar morphological characteristics (including bi-peaked tubercles) to japonica rice, indicating that it belongs to the intermediate form between indica and japonica subspecies that is in the amesiality of japonica. Compared with the ancient unhusked rice unearthed from the Neolithic ruins, Shuangyan ancient rice has wider, thicker and heavier grains, tending to japonica characteristics of short and round grain.

Key words: Li county in Hunan, Wells of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty ruins, Ancient rice, Morphological characteristics, Bi-peaked tubercles, Subspecies

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