Welcome to Acta Agronomica Sinica,

Acta Agron Sin ›› 2012, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (04): 648-656.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2012.00648

Previous Articles     Next Articles

Root Morphological and Physiological Characteristics of Rice Cultivars with High Yield and High Nitrogen Use Efficiency

LI Min1,2, ZHANG Hong-Cheng1,*, YANG Xiong1, GE Meng-Jie1, MA Qun1, WEI Hai-Yan1, DAI Qi-Gen1, HUO Zhong-Yang1, XU Ke1, CAO Li-Qiang1,WU Hao1   

  1. 1 Innovation Center of Rice Technology in Yangtze Rice Valley, Ministry of Agriculture / Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Physiology of Jiangsu Province, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China; 2 Rice Research Institute of Guizhou Province, Guiyang 550006, China
  • Received:2011-10-22 Revised:2012-01-19 Online:2012-04-12 Published:2012-02-13
  • Contact: 张洪程, E-mail: hczhang@yzu.edu.cn; Tel: 0514-87979220

Abstract: The difference of root morphological and physiological characteristics of low-yielding and low N-efficiency, high-yielding and medium N-efficiency, high-yielding and high N-efficiency rice cultivars was investigated using six representative japonica varieties under their optimum N levels, respectively. The results showed that the high-yielding genotypes showed distinct advantages over the low-yielding ones in root dry weight, root volume, total and active absorbing surface areas of root system, root oxidation ability of α-NA and root bleeding intensity at each growth stage, indicating that the increase of productivity was accompanied by the improvement of root morphological traits and the enhancement of root physiological activities. Cultivars with different N-efficiency displayed diverse root morphological and physiological characteristics, even though they were all on a high-yielding level. Comparing with medium N-efficiency genotypes, the high N-efficiency ones showed lower root dry weight, root volume, root bleeding intensity and root total absorbing surface area for populations, but for single plants, the root dry weight, root volume, root bleeding intensity, active absorbing surface area and α-NA oxidation amount were superior in a significant or extremely significant degree. The results above suggest that the coordination of high-yielding with high N-efficiency could be achieved through controlling population growth properly, facilitating the concordant development of plant population and individuals, and endeavoring to improve the single stem root quality after heading.

Key words: Rice, High-yielding and high N-efficiency, Root morphological characteristics, Root physiological characteristics

[1]FAO. Statistical Databases, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations, 2004. http://www.fao.org/

[2]Li H(李华), Xu C-Q(徐长青), Li S-F(李世峰), Qian Z-H(钱宗华). Effects of different nitrogen management on yield and nitrogen utilization of machine-transplanted rice. Guizhou Agric Sci (贵州农业科学), 2008, 36(5): 39–41 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[3]Peng S B, Buresh R J, Huang J L, Yang J C, Zou Y B, Zhong X H, Wang G H, Zhang F S. Strategies for overcoming low agronomic nitrogen use efficiency in irrigated rice systems in China. Field Crops Res, 2006, 96: 37–47

[4]Zhang H, Xue Y G, Wang Z Q. Morphological and physiological traits of roots and their relationships with shoot growth in super rice. Field Crops Res, 2009, 113: 31–40

[5]Zhu D-F(朱德峰), Lin X-Q(林贤青), Cao W-X(曹卫星). Characteristics of root distribution of super high yielding rice varieties. J Nanjing Agric Univ (南京农业大学学报), 2000, 23(4): 5–8 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[6]Zhu D-F(朱德峰), Lin X-Q(林贤青), Cao W-X(曹卫星). Effects of deep roots on growth and yield in two rice varieties. Sci Agric Sin (中国农业科学), 2001, 34(4): 429–432 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[7]Wei H-Y(魏海燕), Zhang H-C(张洪程), Zhang S-F(张胜飞), Hang J(杭杰), Dai Q-G(戴其根), Huo Z-Y(霍中洋), Xu K(许轲), Ma Q(马群), Zhang Q(张庆), Liu Y-Y(刘艳阳). Root morphological and physiological characteristics in rice genotypes with different N use efficiencies. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2008, 34(3): 429–436 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[8]Fan J-B(樊剑波), Shen Q-R(沈其荣), Tan J-Z(谭炯壮), Ye L-T(叶利庭), Song W-J(宋文静), Zhang Y-L(张亚丽). Difference of root physiological and ecological indices in rice cultivars with different N use efficiency. Acta Ecol Sin (生态学报), 2009, 29(6): 3052–3058 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[9]Cheng J-F(程建峰), Dai T-B(戴廷波), Jing Q(荆奇), Jiang D(姜东), Pan X-Y(潘晓云), Cao W-X(曹卫星). Root morphological and physiological characteristics in relation to nitrogen absorption efficiency in different rice genotypes. Acta Pedol Sin(土壤学报), 2007, 44(2): 266–272 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[10]Dong G-C(董桂春), Wang Y-L(王余龙), Wu H(吴华), Zhou X-D(周小冬), Shan Y-H(单玉华), Wang J-G(王坚刚), Cai H-R(蔡惠荣), Cai J-Z(蔡建中). Varietal differences in response of main root traits to nitrogen application time in rice. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2003, 29(6): 871–877 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[11]Shi Z-J(史正军), Fan X-L(樊小林), Klaus D, Sattemacher B. Effect of localized nitrogen supply on root morphology in rice and its mechanism. Chin J Rice Sci (中国水稻科学), 2005, 19(2): 147–152 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[12]Ma Q(马群), Yang X(杨雄), Li M(李敏), Li G-Y(李国业), Zhang H-C(张洪程), Dai Q-G(戴其根), Huo Z -Y(霍中洋), Xu K(许轲), Wei H-Y(魏海燕), Gao H(高辉). Studies on the characteristics of dry matter production and accumulation of rice varieties with different productivity levels. Sci Agric Sin (中国农业科学), 2011, 44(20): 4159–4169 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[13]Ling Q-H(凌启鸿). Quality of Crop Population (作物群体质量). Shanghai: Shanghai Scientific and Technical Publishers, 2000. pp 42–107 (in Chinese)

[14]Liu W-Z(刘文兆), Li Y-Y(李秧秧). Effect of crop root-cutting on grain yield and water use efficiency: a review. Acta Bot Boreali-Occident Sin (西北植物学报), 2003, 23(8): 1320–1324 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[15]Harada J, Kang S, Yamazaki K. Root system development of japonica-indica hybrid rice cultivars. Jpn J Crop Sci, 1994, 63: 423–429

[16]Kang S, Morita S, Yamazaki K. Root growth and distribution in some japonica-indica hybrid and japonica type rice cultivars under field conditions. Jpn J Crop Sci, 1994, 63: 118–124

[17]Samejima H, Kondo M, Ito O, Nozoe T, Shinano T, Osaki M. Characterization of root systems with respect to morphological traits and nitrogen-absorbing ability in the new plant type of tropical rice lines. J Plant Nutr, 2005, 28: 835–850

[18]Yang J-C(杨建昌). Relationships of rice root morphology and physiology with the formation of grain yield and quality and the nutrient absorption and utilization. Sci Agric Sin (中国农业科学), 2011, 44(1): 36–46 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[19]Pan X-H(潘晓华), Wang Y-R(王永锐), Fu J-R(傅家瑞). Advance in the study on the growth-physiology in rice of root system (Oryza sativa). Chin Bull Bot (植物学通报), 1996, 13(2): 13–20 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[20]Sun J-W(孙静文), Chen W-F(陈温福), Zang C-M(臧春明), Wang Y-R(王彦荣), Wu S-Q(吴淑琴). Advances of research on rice root systems. J Shenyang Agric Univ (沈阳农业大学学报), 2002, 33(6): 466–470 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[21]Zhang C-L(张成良), Jiang W(姜伟), Xiao Y-Q(肖叶青), Wu W-C(邬文昌), Chen D-Z(陈大洲), Huang Y-J(黄英金). Status and prospects of research on rice root systems. Acta Agric Jiangxi (江西农业学报), 2006, 18(5): 23–27 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[22]Passioura J B. Roots and drought resistance. Agric Water Manage, 1983, 7: 265–280

[23]Cai K-Z(蔡昆争), Luo S-M(骆世明), Duan S-S(段舜山). The response of the rice root system to nitrogen conditions under-root confinement. Acta Ecol Sin (生态学报), 2003, 23(6): 1109–1116 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[24]Wang Q(汪强), Fan X-L(樊小林), Liu F(刘芳), Klaus D, Sattemacher B. Effect of root cutting on rice yield by shifting normal paddy to upland cultivation. Chin J Rice Sci (中国水稻科学), 2004, 18(5): 437–442 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[25]Liu T-J(刘桃菊), Qi C-H(戚昌瀚), Tang J-J(唐建军). Studies on relationship between the character parameters of root and yield formation in rice. Sci Agric Sin (中国农业科学), 2002, 35(11): 1416–1419 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[26]Wei H-Y(魏海燕), Zhang H-C(张洪程), Dai Q-G(戴其根), Huo Z-Y(霍中洋), Xu K(许轲), Hang J(杭杰), Ma Q(马群), Zhang S-F(张胜飞), Zhang Q(张庆), Liu Y-Y(刘艳阳). Characteristics of matter production and accumulation in rice genotypes with different N use efficiency. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2007, 33(11): 1802–1809 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[27]Cheng J-F(程建峰), Dai T-B(戴廷波), Cao W-X(曹卫星), Jiang D(姜东), Liu Y-B(刘宜柏). Variations of nitrogen nutrition efficiency in different rice germplasm types. Plant Nutr Fert Sci (植物营养与肥料学报), 2007, 13(3): 175–183 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[28]Shan Y-H(单玉华), Wang Y-L(王余龙), Yamamoto Y. The differences of nitrogen uptake and utilization in different types of rice. J Yangzhou Univ (Nat Sci Edn) (扬州大学学报?自然科学版), 2001, 4(3): 21–26 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[29]Yin C-Y(殷春渊), Wei H-Y(魏海燕), Zhang Q(张庆), Dai Q-G(戴其根), Huo Z-Y(霍中洋), Xu K(许轲), Zhang S-F(张胜飞), Hang J(杭杰), Ma Q(马群). Differences and correlations in grain yield, N uptake and utilization between medium maturing indica and japonica rice under different N fertilizer levels. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2009, 35(2): 348–355 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[30]Mae T, Inaba A, Kaneta Y, Masaki S, Sasaki M, Aizawa M, Okawa S. A large-grain rice cultivar, Akita 63, exhibits high yields with high physiological N-use efficiency. Field Crops Res, 2006, 97: 227–237

[31]Ma Q(马群). Studies on the Highest Population Productivity of N Fertilizer and Its Growth Factors of Rice Cultivars. PhD Dissertation of Yangzhou University, 2011 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[1] TIAN Tian, CHEN Li-Juan, HE Hua-Qin. Identification of rice blast resistance candidate genes based on integrating Meta-QTL and RNA-seq analysis [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1372-1388.
[2] ZHENG Chong-Ke, ZHOU Guan-Hua, NIU Shu-Lin, HE Ya-Nan, SUN wei, XIE Xian-Zhi. Phenotypic characterization and gene mapping of an early senescence leaf H5(esl-H5) mutant in rice (Oryza sativa L.) [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1389-1400.
[3] ZHOU Wen-Qi, QIANG Xiao-Xia, WANG Sen, JIANG Jing-Wen, WEI Wan-Rong. Mechanism of drought and salt tolerance of OsLPL2/PIR gene in rice [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1401-1415.
[4] ZHENG Xiao-Long, ZHOU Jing-Qing, BAI Yang, SHAO Ya-Fang, ZHANG Lin-Ping, HU Pei-Song, WEI Xiang-Jin. Difference and molecular mechanism of soluble sugar metabolism and quality of different rice panicle in japonica rice [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1425-1436.
[5] YAN Jia-Qian, GU Yi-Biao, XUE Zhang-Yi, ZHOU Tian-Yang, GE Qian-Qian, ZHANG Hao, LIU Li-Jun, WANG Zhi-Qin, GU Jun-Fei, YANG Jian-Chang, ZHOU Zhen-Ling, XU Da-Yong. Different responses of rice cultivars to salt stress and the underlying mechanisms [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1463-1475.
[6] YANG Jian-Chang, LI Chao-Qing, JIANG Yi. Contents and compositions of amino acids in rice grains and their regulation: a review [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(5): 1037-1050.
[7] DENG Zhao, JIANG Nan, FU Chen-Jian, YAN Tian-Zhe, FU Xing-Xue, HU Xiao-Chun, QIN Peng, LIU Shan-Shan, WANG Kai, YANG Yuan-Zhu. Analysis of blast resistance genes in Longliangyou and Jingliangyou hybrid rice varieties [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(5): 1071-1080.
[8] YANG De-Wei, WANG Xun, ZHENG Xing-Xing, XIANG Xin-Quan, CUI Hai-Tao, LI Sheng-Ping, TANG Ding-Zhong. Functional studies of rice blast resistance related gene OsSAMS1 [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(5): 1119-1128.
[9] ZHU Zheng, WANG Tian-Xing-Zi, CHEN Yue, LIU Yu-Qing, YAN Gao-Wei, XU Shan, MA Jin-Jiao, DOU Shi-Juan, LI Li-Yun, LIU Guo-Zhen. Rice transcription factor WRKY68 plays a positive role in Xa21-mediated resistance to Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(5): 1129-1140.
[10] WANG Xiao-Lei, LI Wei-Xing, OU-YANG Lin-Juan, XU Jie, CHEN Xiao-Rong, BIAN Jian-Min, HU Li-Fang, PENG Xiao-Song, HE Xiao-Peng, FU Jun-Ru, ZHOU Da-Hu, HE Hao-Hua, SUN Xiao-Tang, ZHU Chang-Lan. QTL mapping for plant architecture in rice based on chromosome segment substitution lines [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(5): 1141-1151.
[11] WANG Ze, ZHOU Qin-Yang, LIU Cong, MU Yue, GUO Wei, DING Yan-Feng, NINOMIYA Seishi. Estimation and evaluation of paddy rice canopy characteristics based on images from UAV and ground camera [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(5): 1248-1261.
[12] KE Jian, CHEN Ting-Ting, WU Zhou, ZHU Tie-Zhong, SUN Jie, HE Hai-Bing, YOU Cui-Cui, ZHU De-Quan, WU Li-Quan. Suitable varieties and high-yielding population characteristics of late season rice in the northern margin area of double-cropping rice along the Yangtze River [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(4): 1005-1016.
[13] CHEN Yue, SUN Ming-Zhe, JIA Bo-Wei, LENG Yue, SUN Xiao-Li. Research progress regarding the function and mechanism of rice AP2/ERF transcription factor in stress response [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(4): 781-790.
[14] WANG Lyu, CUI Yue-Zhen, WU Yu-Hong, HAO Xing-Shun, ZHANG Chun-Hui, WANG Jun-Yi, LIU Yi-Xin, LI Xiao-Gang, QIN Yu-Hang. Effects of rice stalks mulching combined with green manure (Astragalus smicus L.) incorporated into soil and reducing nitrogen fertilizer rate on rice yield and soil fertility [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(4): 952-961.
[15] QIN Qin, TAO You-Feng, HUANG Bang-Chao, LI Hui, GAO Yun-Tian, ZHONG Xiao-Yuan, ZHOU Zhong-Lin, ZHU Li, LEI Xiao-Long, FENG Sheng-Qiang, WANG Xu, REN Wan-Jun. Characteristics of panicle stem growth and flowering period of the parents of hybrid rice in machine-transplanted seed production [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(4): 988-1004.
Full text



No Suggested Reading articles found!