Welcome to Acta Agronomica Sinica,

Acta Agron Sin ›› 2010, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (4): 701-708.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2010.00701

• RESEARCH ACTIVITIES • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Photosynthetic Activity and Its Correlation with Matter Production in Non-foliar Green Organs of Cotton

ZHANG Ya-Li,FENG Guo-Yi,HU Yuan-Yuan,YAO Yan-Di,ZHANG Wang-Feng*   

  1. The Key Laboratory of Oasis Eco-agriculture,Xinjiang Production and Construction Croup,Shihezi University,Shihezi 832003,China
  • Received:2009-11-07 Revised:2010-02-06 Online:2010-04-12 Published:2010-03-03
  • Contact: ZHANG Wang-Feng,E-mail:zwf_shzu@163.com;zhwf_agr@shzu.edu.cn;Tel:0993-2057326 E-mail:zhangyali2010@gmail.com


In addition to the green leaves, commonly considered as the primary sources of photosynthate production, higher plants can potentially use almost all vegetative and reproductive structures to perform photosynthetic CO2 assimilation. Study on photosynthetic activity of the different green organs is of great significance to develop the potential of photosynthesis of the whole plant. The green organs in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) consist of leaf and non-foliar organs including bract, boll, and stem. Field experiments were conducted to evaluate the chlorophyll content, chlorophyll fluorescence, electron transport of photosynthetic apparatus and canopy photosynthesis rate, and the correlation of photosynthetic activity with matter production in different green organs of cotton. Three super high-yielding hybrid cotton cultivars, Lumianyan 25, Xinluzao 43, and Shiza 2, and two traditional cotton cultivars, Xinluzao 13 and Xinluzao 33, were grown with Under-Mulch-Drip irrigation in Xinjiang province. The results revealed that both the chlorophyll content and actual quantum yield of PS II were higher in leaf, followed by boll, bract and stem. Compared to traditional cotton, both hybrid cotton cultivars had higher actual quantum yield of PS II in boll and stem, whereas no differences were observed on leaf and bract. As expected, higher canopy photosynthesis rate was presented in non-foliar green organs of high-yielding hybrid cotton. Furthermore, there were significant correlations of dry matter production with adaptability of high-light and faster restoration after photoinhibition in non-foliar green organs of high-yielding hybrid cotton.

Key words: Non-foliar green organ, Chlorophyll fluorescence, Hybrid cotton, Matter production

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