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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2014, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (11): 1980-1989.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2014.01980


Water Utilization and Matter Production in Winter Wheat under Soil-Coated Ultrathin Plastic-Film Mulching and Irrigation Management 

HE Li-Qian1,ZHANG Wei-Hong1,ZHANG Yong-Sheng1,CAO Cai-Yun2,LI Ke-Jiang2,DU Xiong1,*   

  1. 1 Agricultural University of Hebei / Hebei Key Laboratory of Crop Growth Regulation, Baoding 071001, China; 2 Institute of Dryland Farming, Hebei Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, Hengshui 053000, China
  • Received:2013-12-24 Revised:2014-09-16 Online:2014-11-12 Published:2014-10-01


Serious deficiency of water resource is one of the biggest problems in winter wheat production in North China Plain. We conducted a field experiment in 2010–2011 and 2011–2012 growing seasons to study the effect of soil-coated ultrathin plastic-film mulching (SCUPFM) in combination with controlled irrigation on water use efficiency and matter production of winter wheat. Compared to traditional planting practice (control), SCUPFM plus zero (rainfed) or small-amount irrigation produced wheat yield more than 7500 kg ha-1, and consumed 2/3 to 3/4 of water. The yield-based water use efficiency of SCUPFM treatments was 24.8–26.5 kg mm-1 ha-1, which was 28.3–41.0% higher than that of the control. Under SCUPFM condition, the biomass-based water use efficiency in the whole growing period was 1.3–2.7 folds of the control, with an earlier peak from heading to jointing stage. Meanwhile, the harvest index also increased under SCIPFM with no or small irrigation. SCUPFM resulted in slow consumption of soil water, and 600 mm of moisture content in 2 m soil profile at seeding stage could provide enough water for the whole growing period of wheat. Water supply from 2 m soil layer was 212.2 mm in loam at Xinji site and 230.0 mm in clay at Shenzhou site. SCUPFM with irrigation or small irrigation before anthesis could significantly enhance net photosynthetic rate (Pn) and decrease transpiration rate (Tr) within 20 days after anthesis. As a result, the leaf-based water use efficiency increased significantly. However, late irrigation at mid-filling stage had no such effect. Therefore, SCUPFM in combination with no or small irrigation at proper stage is effective to maintain wheat yield and increase water use efficiency greatly in North China Plain.

Key words: Soil-coated ultrathin plastic-film mulching, Winter wheat, Water use efficiency, Dry matter production, North China Plain

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