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Acta Agronomica Sinica ›› 2020, Vol. 46 ›› Issue (10): 1539-1556.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2020.91077


Genetic diversity assessment of winter wheat landraces and cultivars in Xinjiang via SNP array analysis

MA Yan-Ming1,2(), LOU Hong-Yao1, CHEN Zhao-Yan1, XIAO Jing2, XU Lin2, NI Zhong-Fu1, LIU Jie1,*()   

  1. 1 College of Agronomy and Biotechnology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
    2 Institute of Crop Germplasm Resource, Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Urumqi, Xinjiang 830091, China
  • Received:2019-12-27 Accepted:2020-03-24 Online:2020-10-12 Published:2020-04-28
  • Contact: Jie LIU E-mail:ymma213@sina.com;liujie13251@163.com
  • Supported by:
    National Ministry of Science and Technology and the Ministry of Finance's National Crop Germplasm Resources Sharing Service Platform (Xinjiang) Project(NICGR2015-029);Special Items for Basic Science and Technology Work of Science and Technology Ministry, “Investigation on Germplasm Resources of Stress-resistant Crops in Arid Area of Northwest China”(2011FY110200)


Xinjiang is a major wheat production and consumption area in northwest China. Assessment of genetic diversities of wheat landraces and cultivars in Xinjiang has great benefit for wheat cultivar breeding and improvement in this area. In this study, a wheat 55K SNP (single nucleotide polymorphism) chip was employed to perform genome-wide scanning for the genetic diversities of 188 winter wheat varieties from Xinjiang, including 134 landraces and 54 modern cultivars. Our results showed that the polymorphism ratio of the SNP loci was about 95.62% (50,743/53,063). Each chromosome contained 1068-2616 polymorphic loci, and the polymorphic SNP marker number in three genomes was A > B > D. The genetic distance among the 188 wheat varieties ranged from 0.002 to 0.723, with an average of 0.378. The genetic distance of 134 landraces was between 0.002 and 0.400, with an average of 0.070, whereas that of 54 modern cultivars was between 0.004 and 0.337, with an average of 0.114. The genetic distance between landraces and modern cultivars was between 0.605 and 0.723, with an average of 0.699. The clustering results showed that all tested wheat materials could be divided into ten different groups. According to the comprehensive analyses of SNP and pedigree, the genetic diversity was the largest between the cultivars and the landraces, medium between different landraces, and small between modern cultivars. Because the genetic diversity of Xinjiang winter wheat cultivars is not rich enough, the wheat landraces should be used as the breeding materials in the future. Our data provide novel scientific basis and guidance for breeding and improvement of wheat cultivars in Xinjiang.

Key words: Xinjiang, winter wheat, landraces, modern cultivars, SNP, genetic diversity

Fig. 1

Distributions of polymorphic SNPs on individual chromosome (a) and each homoeologous group (b)"

Table 1

Comparison of the genetic diversities in Xinjiang winter wheat landraces and modern cultivars"

Polymorphism information content
Genetic distance
Max. value
Min. value
Max. value
Min. value
地方品种 Landraces 0.229 0.374 0.090 0.070 0.400 0.002
育成品种 Cultivars 0.299 0.375 0.099 0.114 0.337 0.004
Between landraces and cultivars
0.265 0.375 0.090 0.699 0.723 0.605


Distribution of genetic distances among wheat landraces and cultivars"

Fig. 3

Phylogenetic tree of 188 wheat varieties in Xinjiang based on SNP Codes correspond with those given in Table 4."

Table 3

List of the varieties classified into different subgroups according to the SNP diversity"

Number of variety
Variety name
I 47 1 新冬11号, 新冬12号, 巴冬3号, 新冬1号, 新冬7号, 新冬9号, 新冬10号, 昌冬5号, 石冬5号, 新冬26号, 新冬14号, 新冬17号, 新冬19号, 新冬38号, 新冬5号, 新冬6号, 奎冬4号, 新冬4号, 新冬32号
Xindong 11, Xindong 12, Badong 3, Xindong 1, Xindong 7, Xindong 9, Xindong 10, Changdong 5, Shidong 5, Xindong 26, Xindong 14, Xindong 17, Xindong 19, Xindong 38, Xindong 5, Xindong 6, Kuidong 4, Xindong 4, Xindong 32
2 喀冬1号, 伊农3号, 喀冬3号, 喀冬5号, 石冬4号, 奎花1号, 新冬15号, 新冬16号, 新冬18号, 原冬3号, 塔冬5号, 伊农20号, 奎冬5号, 新冬22号, 伊农61号
Kadong 1, Yinong 3, Kadong 3, Kadong 5, Shidong 4, Kuihua 1, Xindong 15, Xindong 16, Xindong 18, Yuandong 3, Tadong 5, Yinong 20, Kuidong 5, Xindong 22, Yinong 61
3 新冬23号, 新冬24号, 伊农21号, 新冬25号, 新冬46号, 伊农18号, 新冬29号, 喀冬4号, 伊农16号, 黄河1号, 黄河3号, 新冬20号, 伊农1号
Xindong 23, Xindong 24, Yinong 21, Xindong 25, Xindong 46, Yinong 18, Xindong 29, Kadong 4, Yinong 16, Huanghe 1, Huanghe 3, Xindong 20, Yinong 1
II 7 新冬2号, 新冬3号, 新冬13号, 巴冬1号, 巴冬2号, 喀冬2号, 石冬6号
Xindong 2, Xindong 3, Xindong 13, Badong 1, Badong 2, Kadong 2, Shidong 6
III 6 无芒麦(M-6), 无芒麦(M-38), 红冬麦(M-83), 南疆冬麦, 卡衣木江, 白晚冬麦(M-101)
Wumangmai (M-6), Wumangmai (M-38), Hongdongmai (M-83), Nanjiangdongmai, Kayimujiang, Baiwandongmai (M-101)
IV 5 红冬麦(M-65), 安迪然冬麦, 白冬麦(M-106), 白冬麦(M-107), 黑冬麦(M-119)
Hongdongmai (M-65), Andirandongmai, Baidongmai (M-106), Baidongmai (M-107), Heidongmai (M-119)
V 23 白冬麦(M-1), 晚熟冬麦, 白冬麦(M-11), 白冬麦(M-104), 白冬麦(M-4), 小白冬麦(M-12), 红壳白粒红冬麦, 红冬麦(M-10), 阿尔泰冬麦, 红壳冬麦(M-7), 白冬麦(M-31), 小冬麦(M-32), 白冬麦(M-9), 红壳小白冬麦, 青心兰麦, 红冬麦(M-16), 红冬麦(M-2), 红冬麦(M-8), 小红芒, 鄯善红冬麦, 红冬麦(M-15), 白冬麦(M-3), 白冬麦(M-122)
Baidongmai (M-1), Wanshudongmai, Baidongmai (M-11), Baidongmai (M-104), Baidongmai (M-4), Xiaobaidongmai (M-12), Hongkebailihongdongmai, Hongdongmai (M-10), Aertaidongmai, Hongkedongmai (M-7), Baidongmai (M-31), Xiaodongmai (M-32), Baidongmai (M-9), Hongkexiaobaidongmai, Qingxinlanmai, Hongdongmai (M-16), Hongdongmai (M-2), Hongdongmai (M-8), Xiaohongmang, Shanshanhongdongmai, Hongdongmai (M-15), Baidongmai (M-3), Baidongmai (M-122)
VI 18 1 红穗白粒(M-20), 白冬麦(M-58), 白冬麦(M-59), 拉瓦得朗, 焉耆白冬麦, 尉力小麦, 南疆白冬麦, 红冬麦(M-44)
Hongsuibaili (M-20), Baidongmai (M-58), Baidongmai (M-59), Lawadelang, Yanqibaidongmai, Yulixiaomai, Nanjiangbaidongmai, Hongdongmai (M-44)
2 红冬麦(M-52), 沙雅冬麦(M-63), 热衣木夏, 和静红冬麦, 买洛瓦西(M-56), 库车买洛瓦西
Hongdongmai (M-52), Shayadongmai (M-63), Reyimuxia, Hejinghongdongmai, Mailuowaxi (M-56), Kuchemailuowaxi
3 库尔勒白冬麦, 白冬麦(M-41), 白冬麦(M-115), 黑冬麦(M-120)
Korlabaidongmai, Baidongmai (M-41), Baidongmai (M-115), Heidongmai (M-120)
VII 25 1 阿克古斯格, 冬麦(M-54), 河西巴克红麦, 阿克库孜盖
Akegusige, Dongmai (M-54), Hexibakehongmai, Akekuzigai
Number of variety
Variety name
VII 2 阳霞红冬麦, 纳瓦提然, 梁山冬麦, 沙雅冬麦, 阿克不大衣, 可孜不大衣, 白冬麦(M-91), 哈热克巴斯曼, 黑冬麦(M-69)
Yangxiahongdongmai, Nawatiran, Liangshandongmai, Shayadongmai, Akebudayi, Kezibudayi, Baidongmai (M-91), Harekebasman, Heidongmai (M-69)
3 买洛瓦西(M-47), 早熟冬麦, 白冬麦(M-73), 白穗子, 土种麦, 黑穗麦, 白冬麦(M-78), 白冬麦(M-90), 白冬麦(M-77), 红皮红冬麦(M-89), 黑冬麦(M-88), 巴楚切利麦
Mailuowaxi (M-47), Zaoshudongmai, Baidongmai (M-73), Baisuizi, Tuzhongmai, Heisuimai, Baidongmai (M-78), Baidongmai (M-90), Baidongmai (M-77), Hongpihongdongmai (M-89), Heidongmai (M-88), Bachuqielimai
VIII 28 1 白壳白粒红心冬麦, 长巴什曼, 红冬麦(M-110), 卡尔库孜干, 白冬麦(M-108), 黑冬麦(M-109), 哈阿热托司曼, 麦盖提白冬麦, 红冬麦(M-30)
Baikebailihongxindongmai, Changbashenman, Hongdongmai (M-110), Kaerkuzigan, Baidongmai (M-108), Heidongmai (M-109), Haaretuosiman, Maigaitibaidongmai, Hongdongmai (M-30)
2 白冬麦(M-29), 红芒安江, 红冬麦(M-40), 早熟冬麦(M-35), 白粒早熟, 红芒早, 乌恰白麦, 阿伯格其力格, 白芒白冬麦
Baidongmai (M-29), Hongmang’anjiang, Hongdongmai (M-40), Zaoshudongmai (M-35), Bailizaoshu, Hongmangzao, Wuqiabaimai, Abogeqilige, Baimangbaidongmai
3 哈热克, 吧子条播, 冬麦(M-55), 白晚冬麦(M-98), 沙雅冬麦(M-70), 可孜不大衣, 白冬麦(M-85), 黑冬麦(M-79), 红冬麦(M-39), 焉耆冬麦, 白穗早熟冬麦
Hareke, Bazitiaobo, Dongmai (M-55), Baiwandongmai (M-98), Shayadongmai (M-70), Kezibudayi, Baidongmai (M-85), Heidongmai (M-79), Hongdongmai (M-39), Yanqidongmai, Baisuizaoshudongmai
IX 24 1 昌吉小红冬麦, 玛纳斯红冬麦, 白芒冬麦, 红冬麦(M-18), 红冬麦(M-26), 白穗白粒, 白冬麦(M-87), 红穗粒(M-17), 金包银(M-24), 白冬麦(M-27), 红壳冬麦(M-25), 红穗白粒(M-19)
Changjixiaohongdongmai, Manasihongdongmai, Baimangdongmai, Hongdongmai (M-18), Hongdongmai (M-26), Baisuibaili, Baidongmai (M-87), Hongsuili (M-17), Jinbaoyin (M-24), Baidongmai (M-27), Hongkedongmai (M-25), Hongsuibaili (M-19)
2 红冬麦(M-66), 沙雅冬麦(M-223), 红冬麦(M-67), 黑冬麦(M-68), 冬麦(M-33), 本地冬麦, 白冬麦(M-71)
Hongdongmai (M-66), Shayadongmai (M-223), Hongdongmai (M-67), Heidongmai (M-68), Dongmai (M-33), Bendidongmai, Baidongmai (M-71)
3 买洛瓦西(M-46), 黑冬麦(M-113), 尉力小麦, 巴利巴式, 白冬麦(M-53)
Mailuowaxi (M-46), Heidongmai (M-113), Yulixiaomai, Balibashi, Baidongmai (M-53)
X 4 白冬麦(M-22), 克孜尔库孜干, 黑穗冬麦, 黑冬麦(M-116)
Baidongmai (M-22), Kezierkuzigan, Heisuidongmai, Heidongmai (M-116)

Table 4

Varieties name and sources of Xinjiang winter wheat used in this study"

序号 No. 品种编号
Variety code
Variety name
Variety type
1 M-1 白冬麦 Baidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 乌鲁木齐市Urumqi
2 M-2 红冬麦 Hongdongmai 地方品种 Landrace 昌吉市Changji
3 M-3 白冬麦 Baidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 昌吉市Changji
4 M-4 白冬麦 Baidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 昌吉市Changji
序号 No. 品种编号
Variety code
Variety name
Variety type
5 M-5 红壳白粒红冬麦 Hongkebailihongdongmai 地方品种 Landrace 昌吉州米泉县Miquan, Changji
6 M-6 无芒麦 Wumangmai 地方品种 Landrace 昌吉州米泉县Miquan, Changji
7 M-7 红壳冬麦 Hongkedongmai 地方品种 Landrace 昌吉州米泉县Miquan, Changji
8 M-8 红冬麦 Hongdongmai 地方品种 Landrace 昌吉州奇台县Qitai, Changji
9 M-9 白冬麦 Baidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 昌吉州阜康县Fukang, Changji
10 M-10 红冬麦 Hongdongmai 地方品种 Landrace 昌吉州阜康县Fukang, Changji
11 M-11 白冬麦 Baidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 昌吉州呼图壁县Hutubi, Changji
12 M-12 小白冬麦 Xiaobaidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 昌吉州呼图壁县Hutubi, Changji
13 M-13 红壳小白冬麦 Hongkexiaobaidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 昌吉州玛纳斯县Manasi, Changji
14 M-14 青心兰麦 Qingxinlanmai 地方品种 Landrace 昌吉州玛纳斯县Manasi, Changji
15 M-15 红冬麦 Hongdongmai 地方品种 Landrace 昌吉州玛纳斯县Manasi, Changji
16 M-16 红冬麦 Hongdongmai 地方品种 Landrace 昌吉州玛纳斯县Manasi, Changji
17 M-17 红穗粒 Hongsuili 地方品种 Landrace 吐鲁番市Turpan
18 M-18 红冬麦 Hongdongmai 地方品种 Landrace 吐鲁番市Turpan
19 M-19 红穗白粒 Hongsuibaili 地方品种 Landrace 吐鲁番市Turpan
20 M-20 红穗白粒 Hongsuibaili 地方品种 Landrace 吐鲁番市Turpan
21 M-21 白穗白粒 Baisuibaili 地方品种 Landrace 吐鲁番市Turpan
22 M-22 白冬麦 Baidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 哈密市Hami
23 M-23 白芒冬麦 Baimangdongmai 地方品种 Landrace 哈密市Hami
24 M-24 金包银 Jinbaoyin 地方品种 Landrace 哈密市Hami
25 M-25 红壳冬麦 Hongkedongmai 地方品种 Landrace 哈密市Hami
26 M-26 红冬麦 Hongdongmai 地方品种 Landrace 哈密市Hami
27 M-27 白冬麦 Baidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 哈密市Hami
28 M-28 小红芒 Xiaohongmang 地方品种 Landrace 博乐市Bole
29 M-29 白冬麦 Baidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 塔城市Tacheng
30 M-30 红冬麦 Hongdongmai 地方品种 Landrace 塔城市Tacheng
31 M-31 白冬麦 Baidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 塔城地区沙湾县Shawan, Tacheng
32 M-32 小冬麦 Xiaodongmai 地方品种 Landrace 塔城地区沙湾县Shawan, Tacheng
33 M-33 冬麦 Dongmai 地方品种 Landrace 塔城地区乌苏县Wusu, Tacheng
34 M-34 本地冬麦 Bendidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 塔城地区乌苏县Wusu, Tacheng
35 M-35 早熟冬麦 Zaoshudongmai 地方品种 Landrace 阿勒泰地区布尔津县Buerjing, Aletai
36 M-36 晚熟冬麦 Wanshudongmai 地方品种 Landrace 阿勒泰地区布尔津县Buerjing, Aletai
37 M-37 阿尔泰冬麦 Aertaidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 阿勒泰地区布尔津县Buerjing, Aletai
38 M-38 无芒麦 Wumangmai 地方品种 Landrace 伊宁市Yining
39 M-39 红冬麦 Hongdongmai 地方品种 Landrace 巴州和静县Hejing, Bazhou
40 M-40 红冬麦 Hongdongmai 地方品种 Landrace 巴州和静县Hejing, Bazhou
41 M-41 白冬麦 Baidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 巴州和静县Hejing, Bazhou
42 M-42 焉耆冬麦 Yanqidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 巴州焉耆县Yanqi, Bazhou
43 M-43 南疆白冬麦Nanjiangbaidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 巴州焉耆县Yanqi, Bazhou
44 M-44 红冬麦 Hongdongmai 地方品种 Landrace 巴州焉耆县 Yanqi, Bazhou
45 M-45 南疆冬麦 Nanjiangdongmai 地方品种 Landrace 巴州焉耆县Yanqi, Bazhou
46 M-46 麦洛瓦西 Mailuowaxi 地方品种 Landrace 库尔勒市Korla, Bazhou
47 M-47 麦洛瓦西 Mailuowaxi 地方品种 Landrace 库尔勒市Korla, Bazhou
48 M-48 阿克库斯格 Akegusige 地方品种 Landrace 库尔勒市Korla, Bazhou
49 M-49 阳霞红冬麦Yangxiahongdongmai 地方品种 Landrace 库尔勒市Korla, Bazhou
50 M-50 巴利巴式 Balibashi 地方品种 Landrace 库尔勒市Korla, Bazhou
51 M-51 阿克库孜盖 Akekuzigai 地方品种 Landrace 库尔勒市Korla, Bazhou
52 M-52 红冬麦 Hongdongmai 地方品种 Landrace 库尔勒市Korla, Bazhou
53 M-53 白冬麦 Baidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 巴州若羌县Ruoqiang, Bazhou
54 M-54 冬麦 Dongmai 地方品种 Landrace 巴州若羌县Ruoqiang, Bazhou
55 M-55 冬麦 Dongmai 地方品种 Landrace 巴州轮台县Luntai, Bazhou
56 M-56 买洛瓦西 Mailuowaxi 地方品种 Landrace 阿克苏地区库车县Kuche, Aksu
57 M-57 纳瓦提然 Nawatiran 地方品种 Landrace 阿克苏地区新和县Xinhe, Aksu
58 M-58 白冬麦 Baidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 阿克苏地区新和县Xinhe Aksu
59 M-59 白冬麦 Baidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 阿克苏地区新和县Xinhe, Aksu
60 M-60 热衣木夏 Reyimuxia 地方品种 Landrace 阿克苏地区新和县Xinhe, Aksu
61 M-61 拉瓦得朗 Lawadelang 地方品种 Landrace 阿克苏地区沙雅县Shaya, Aksu
62 M-62 梁山冬麦 Liangshandongmai 地方品种 Landrace 阿克苏地区新和县Kuche, Aksu
63 M-63 沙雅冬麦 Shayadongmai 地方品种 Landrace 阿克苏地区沙雅县Shaya, Aksu
64 M-64 尉力小麦 Weilixiaomai 地方品种 Landrace 库尔勒市Korla
65 M-65 红冬麦 Hongdongmai 地方品种 Landrace 阿克苏地区温宿县Wensu, Aksu
66 M-66 红冬麦 Hongdongmai 地方品种 Landrace 阿克苏市Akesu
67 M-67 红冬麦 Hongdongmai 地方品种 Landrace 阿克苏市Akesu
68 M-68 黑冬麦 Heidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 阿克苏地区阿瓦提县Awati, Aksu
69 M-69 黑冬麦 Heidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 阿克苏地区阿瓦提县Awati, Aksu
70 M-70 沙雅冬麦 Shayadongmai 地方品种 Landrace 阿克苏地区阿瓦提县Awati, Aksu
71 M-71 白冬麦 Baidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 阿克苏地区阿瓦提县Awati, Aksu
72 M-72 红皮冬麦 Hongpidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 阿克苏地区乌什县Wushi, Aksu
73 M-73 白冬麦 Baidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 喀什地区伽师县Jiashi, Kashi
74 M-74 哈热克 Hareke 地方品种 Landrace 喀什地区伽师县Jiashi, Kashi
75 M-75 白穗子 Baisuizi 地方品种 Landrace 喀什地区伽师县Jiashi, Kashi
76 M-76 吧子条播 Bazitiaobo 地方品种 Landrace 喀什地区伽师县Jiashi, Kashi
77 M-77 白冬麦 Baidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 喀什地区伽师县Jiashi, Kashi
78 M-78 白冬麦 Baidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 喀什地区伽师县Jiashi, Kashi
79 M-79 黑冬麦 Heidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 阿克苏地区库车县Kuche, Aksu
80 M-80 白冬麦 Baidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 喀什地区疏附县Shufu, Kashi
81 M-81 阿克不大衣 Akebudayi 地方品种 Landrace 喀什地区疏附县Shufu, Kashi
82 M-82 可孜不大衣 Kezibudayi 地方品种 Landrace 喀什地区疏附县Shufu, Kashi
83 M-83 红冬麦 Hongdongmai 地方品种 Landrace 喀什地区疏勒县Shule, Kashi
84 M-84 土种麦 Tuzhongmai 地方品种 Landrace 喀什地区疏勒县Shule, Kashi
85 M-85 白冬麦 Baidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 喀什地区疏勒县Shule, Kashi
86 M-86 阿伯格其力格 Abogqilige 地方品种 Landrace 喀什地区疏勒县Shule, Kashi
87 M-87 白冬麦 Baidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 喀什地区疏勒县Shule, Kashi
88 M-88 黑冬麦 Heidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 喀什地区疏勒县Shule, Kashi
89 M-89 红皮红冬麦 Hongpihongdongmai 地方品种 Landrace 喀什地区疏勒县Shule, Kashi
90 M-90 白冬麦 Baidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 喀什地区疏勒县Shule, Kashi
91 M-91 白冬麦 Baidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 喀什市Kashi
92 M-92 白壳白粒红心冬麦
地方品种 Landrace 喀什市Kashi
93 M-93 哈热克巴斯曼Harekebasman 地方品种 Landrace 喀什市Kashi
94 M-94 安迪然冬麦 Andirandongmai 地方品种 Landrace 喀什市Kashi
95 M-95 乌恰白麦 Wuqiabaimai 地方品种 Landrace 阿克苏地区乌恰县Wuqia, Aksu
96 M-96 麦盖提白冬麦Maigaitibaidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 喀什地区麦盖提县Maigaiti, Kashi
97 M-97 白粒早熟 Bailizaoshu 地方品种 Landrace 喀什地区莎车县Shache, Kashi
98 M-98 白晚冬麦 Baiwandongmai 地方品种 Landrace 喀什地区莎车县Shache, Kashi
99 M-99 红芒安江 Hongmang’anjiang 地方品种 Landrace 喀什地区莎车县Shache, Kashi
100 M-100 白芒白冬麦Baimangbaidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 喀什地区莎车县Shache, Kashi
101 M-101 白晚冬麦 Baiwandongmai 地方品种 Landrace 喀什地区莎车县Shache, Kashi
102 M-102 红芒早 Hongmangzao 地方品种 Landrace 喀什地区莎车县Shache, Kashi
103 M-103 白穗早熟冬麦Baisuizaoshudongmai 地方品种 Landrace 喀什地区莎车县Shache, Kashi
104 M-104 白冬麦 Baidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 喀什地区莎车县Shache, Kashi
105 M-105 黑穗麦 Heisuimai 地方品种 Landrace 喀什地区泽普县Zepu, Kashi
106 M-106 白冬麦 Baidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 喀什地区叶城县Yecheng, Kashi
107 M-107 白冬麦 Baidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 和田地区洛浦县Luopu, Hetian
108 M-108 白冬麦 Baidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 喀什地区叶城县Yecheng, Kashi
109 M-109 黑冬麦 Heidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 喀什地区叶城县Yecheng, Kashi
110 M-110 红冬麦 Hongdongmai 地方品种 Landrace 喀什地区叶城县Yecheng, Kashi
111 M-111 哈阿热托司曼Haaretuosiman 地方品种 Landrace 喀什地区叶城县Yecheng, Kashi
112 M-112 长巴什曼 Changbashenman 地方品种 Landrace 喀什地区叶城县Yecheng, Kashi
113 M-113 黑冬麦 Heidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 和田地区墨玉县Moyu, Hetian
114 M-114 黑穗冬麦 Heisuidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 和田地区洛浦县Luopu, Hetian
115 M-115 白冬麦 Baidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 和田地区洛浦县Luopu, Hetian
116 M-116 黑冬麦 Heidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 和田地区洛浦县Luopu, Hetian
117 M-117 卡尔库孜干 Kaerkuzigan 地方品种 Landrace 和田地区于田县Yutian, Hetian
118 M-118 克孜尔库孜干 Kezierkuzigan 地方品种 Landrace 和田地区民丰县Minfeng, Hetian
119 M-119 黑冬麦 Heidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 和田市Hetian
120 M-120 黑冬麦 Heidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 和田市Hetian
121 M-121 早熟冬麦 Zaoshudongmai 地方品种 Landrace 和田市Hetian
122 M-122 白冬麦 Baidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 和田市Hetian
123 M-123 卡衣木江 Kayimujiang 地方品种 Landrace 和田市Hetian
124 M-167 河西巴克红麦Hexibakehongmai 地方品种 Landrace 库尔勒市Korla
125 M-215 昌吉小红冬麦Changjixiaohongdongmai 地方品种 Landrace 昌吉市Changji
126 M-216 玛纳斯红冬麦Manasihongdongmai 地方品种 Landrace 昌吉州玛纳斯县Manasi, Changji
127 M-217 鄯善红冬麦Shanshanhongdongmai 地方品种 Landrace 吐鲁番地区鄯善县Shanshan, Turpan
128 M-218 和静红冬麦Hejing hong dong mai 地方品种 Landrace 巴州和静县Hejing, Bazhou
129 M-219 焉耆白冬麦Yanqibaidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 阿克苏地区焉耆县Yanqi, Aksu
130 M-220 尉力小麦 Yulixiaomai 地方品种 Landrace 巴州尉犁县Yuli, Bazhou
131 M-221 库尔勒白冬麦Korlabaidongmai 地方品种 Landrace 库尔勒市Korla
132 M-222 库车麦洛瓦西Kuchemailuowaxi 地方品种 Landrace 阿克苏地区库车县Kuche, Aksu
133 M-223 沙雅冬麦 Shayadongmai 地方品种 Landrace 和田地区沙雅县Shaya, Hetian
134 M-224 巴楚切利麦 Bachuqielimai 地方品种 Landrace 喀什地区巴楚县Bachu, Kasha
135 M-124 喀冬2号 Kadong 2 育成品种 Cultivar 乌克兰0246/叶城春麦
Ukraine 0246/Yechengchunmai
136 M-125 新冬1号 Xindong 1 育成品种 Cultivar 乌克兰0246/阿克苏红冬麦//敖德萨3号
Ukraine 0246/Aksuhongdongmai// Aodesa 3
137 M-126 新冬2号 Xindong 2 育成品种 Cultivar 热衣木夏/亥恩·亥德3个F5选系混合
Three F5 selection combinations from Reyimuxia/Heine Hvede
138 M-127 新冬3号 Xindong 3 育成品种 Cultivar 阿克苏红冬麦/亥恩·亥德
Aksuhongdongmai/Heine Hvede
139 M-128 新冬4号 Xindong 4 育成品种 Cultivar 巴克甫克/北京7号
Bakefuke/Beijing 7
140 M-129 新冬5号Xindong 5 育成品种 Cultivar 巴克甫克/北京7号
Bakefuke/Beijing 7
141 M-130 新冬6号 Xindong 6 育成品种 Cultivar 新冬2号姊妹系/奥德萨3号
Xindong 2 sib line/Aodesa 3
142 M-131 新冬7号 Xindong 7 育成品种 Cultivar 新冬2号姊妹系/奥德萨3号
Xindong 2 sib line/Odessa 3
143 M-132 新冬9号 Xindong 9 育成品种 Cultivar 热衣木夏/亥恩·亥德
Reyimuxia/Heine Hvede
144 M-133 新冬10号 Xindong 10 育成品种 Cultivar 新冬2号/奥德萨3号
Xindong 2/Aodesa 3
145 M-134 新冬11号 Xindong 11 育成品种 Cultivar 白沟头(热衣木夏/亥恩·亥德)//2407 (巴克甫克/北京7号)
Baigoutou (Reyimuxia/Heine Hvede)//2407 (Bakefuke/Beijing 7)
146 M-135 新冬12号 Xindong 12 育成品种 Cultivar 新冬2号//2407(新冬2号/奥德萨3号)
Xindong 2//2407 (Xindong 2/Aodesa 3)
147 M-136 巴冬1号 Badong 1 育成品种 Cultivar 阿克库斯格/奥维斯特(意大利)
Akekusige/Ovist (Italy)
148 M-137 巴冬2号 Badong 2 育成品种 Cultivar 巴克甫克/奥维斯
149 M-138 巴冬3号 Badong 3 育成品种 Cultivar 从华北497中选单株育成
Individual plant selection from Huabei 497
150 M-139 喀冬1号 Kadong 1 育成品种 Cultivar 巴克甫克/亥恩·亥德
Bakefuke/Heine Hvede
151 M-140 喀冬3号 Kadong 3 育成品种 Cultivar 自中农院3026 (早洋麦/鹅冠186)中选育成
Selected from CAAS 3026 (Zaoyang mai/Eguan 186)
152 M-141 喀冬4号 Kadong 4 育成品种 Cultivar 从华北187中系统选育
Selected from Huabei 187
153 M-142 伊农1号 Yinong 1 育成品种 Cultivar 新乌克兰84/西北612
New Ukraine 84/Xibei 612
154 M-143 伊农3号 Yinong 3 育成品种 Cultivar 西北134/无芒4号
Xibei 134/Wumang 4
155 M-144 新冬14号 Xindong 14 育成品种 Cultivar 热衣木夏/新乌克兰83
Reyimuxia/New Ukraine 83
156 M-145 新冬15号 Xindong 15 育成品种 Cultivar 新冬2号/ 50周年(前苏联品种)
Xindong 2/50 anniversary (Former Soviet Union)
157 M-146 新冬16号 Xindong 16 育成品种 Cultivar (巴克甫克/亥恩·亥德)选系71-66/70-4 (新冬7号姊妹系) (Bakefuke/Heine Hvede) Selection 71-66/70-4 (Xindong 7 sib line)
158 M-147 新冬17号 Xindong 17 育成品种 Cultivar 新冬14/河南安选5号
Xindong 14/Henan’anxuan 5
159 M-148 新冬18号 Xindong 18 育成品种 Cultivar NS11-33 (南斯拉夫品种)/新冬3号
NS11-33 (Yugoslavia variety)/Xindong 3
160 M-149 新冬19号 Xindong 19 育成品种 Cultivar 170/阿芙乐尔//H矮82-6 (组培品系)辐射选育
170/Aphrora//H short 82-6 (tissue culture line) Radiation selection
161 M-150 新冬20号 Xindong 20 育成品种 Cultivar 原系号冀87-5018 (河北省农林科学院粮食作物研究所)
Old system number Ji 87-5018 (Food Crop Research Institute, HAAS)
162 M-151 新冬23号 Xindong 23 育成品种 Cultivar 美国引进的1个F2分离群体/自育花培品系88-136
An F2 segregation population from USA/88-136
163 M-152 新冬25号 Xindong 25 育成品种 Cultivar 冀885-443/冀88-5282
Ji 885-443/Ji 88-5282
164 M-153 石冬4号 Shidong 4 育成品种 Cultivar
165 M-154 石冬5号 Shidong 5 育成品种 Cultivar 红选501/唐努尔(墨西哥春麦)//红选501/西埃代赛落斯(墨西哥春麦)
Hongxuan 501/Tangnuer (Mexico)// Hongxuan 501/West edaselos (Mexico)
166 M-155 石冬6号 Shidong 6 育成品种 Cultivar 春小麦京5029/冬小麦77-21
Spring wheat Jing 5029/Winter Wheat 77-21
167 M-156 奎花1号 Kuihua 1 育成品种 Cultivar 京花1号/奎冬3号
Jinghua 1/Kuidong 3
168 M-157 奎冬4号 Kuihua 4 育成品种 Cultivar (热衣木夏/亥恩·亥德) F3选系/奥德萨3号//7401-54/704/山前麦
(Reyimuxia/Heine Hvede) F3 selection/Aodesa 3//7401-54/704/Shanqianmai
169 M-158 奎冬5号 Kuihua 5 育成品种 Cultivar 加拿大冬小麦品种Nostar/花春84-1//76-4/洛夫林13
Nostar (Canada winter wheat)/ Huachun 84-1//76-4/Lovrin 13
170 M-159 黄河1号 Huanghe 1 育成品种 Cultivar
171 M-160 黄河3号 Huanghe 3 育成品种 Cultivar
172 M-161 原冬3号 Yuandong 3 育成品种 Cultivar (冀麦2号/阿芙乐尔) γ射线处理
(Jimai 2/Aurora) γ-ray
173 M-162 昌冬5号 Changdong 5 育成品种 Cultivar
174 M-163 塔冬5号 Tadong 5 育成品种 Cultivar
175 M-164 喀冬5号 Kadong 5 育成品种 Cultivar
176 M-165 新冬22号 Xindong 22 育成品种 Cultivar 加拿大冬小麦品种Nostar/花春84-1// 76-4/洛夫林13
Canadian winter variety Nostar/ Huachun 84-1//76-4/Lovrin 13
177 M-166 新冬24号 Xindong 24 育成品种 Cultivar 9245/冀6159
9245/Ji 6159
178 M-168 新冬13号 Xindong 13 育成品种 Cultivar 新冬3号/乌克兰0246
Xindong 3/Ukraine 0246
179 M-172 伊农16号 Yinong 16 育成品种 Cultivar 白欧柔/72-629/K2-13//72-629/7141- 64/K2-13
White Orofen/72-629/K2-13//72-629/ 7141-64/K2-13
180 M-173 伊农18号 Yinong 18 育成品种 Cultivar 81283/81243
181 M-174 伊农20号 Yinong 20 育成品种 Cultivar 农大64015/8103-12-6-3
Nongda 64015/8103-12-6-3
182 M-175 伊农21号 Yinong 21 育成品种 Cultivar 西北612/乌克兰84/太谷核不育系/鲁麦13
Xibei 612/Ukraine 84/Taigu genic male-sterile line
183 M-176 新冬29号 Xindong 29 育成品种 Cultivar PH82-2-2/鲁植79-1
PH82-2-2/Luzhi 79-1
184 M-177 新冬38号 Xindong 29 育成品种 Cultivar (矮秆916/9133) F1/伊农16
(Dwarf 916/9133) F1/Yinong 16
185 M-178 伊农61号 Yinong 61 育成品种 Cultivar 马苏托小麦/大头麦/Westmount//61-4 ///84114 Masutuo/ Datoumai/ Westmount//61-4///84114
186 M-179 新冬26号 Xindong 26 育成品种 Cultivar 红选501/唐努尔(墨西哥春麦)//红选501/西埃代赛洛斯(墨西哥春麦)
Hongxuan 501/Tangnuer (Mexico)// Hongxuan 501/West edaselos (Mexico)
187 M-180 新冬46号 Xindong 46 育成品种 Cultivar 农大3338/S180
Nongda 3338/S180
188 M-181 新冬32号 Xindong 32 育成品种 Cultivar 1998年从矮败轮回选择群体中选择
Selected from Aibai recurrent selection population in 1998
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