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Acta Agronomica Sinica ›› 2021, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (12): 2450-2458.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2021.01086


Water use efficiency of several water-intensive crops in Hebei province in recent 20 years

SHI Meng-Xia(), ZHANG Jia-Xiao, SHI Xiao-Yu, CHU Qing-Quan, CHEN Fu, LEI Yong-Deng*()   

  1. College of Agronomy and Biotechnology, China Agricultural University / Key Laboratory of Farming System of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Beijing 100193, China
  • Received:2020-11-16 Accepted:2021-04-14 Online:2021-12-12 Published:2021-06-08
  • Contact: LEI Yong-Deng E-mail:mx549678854@163.com;leiyd@cau.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(31801315);National Natural Science Foundation of China(72061147001);National Key Research and Development Program of China(2016YFD0300201);Major Projects of the National Social Science Foundation of China(18ZDA074)


In recent years, the large-scale planting of water-intensive crops is one of the important reasons for the increasing shortage of agricultural water resources in Hebei province. Based on the meteorological data and crop growth period data of 21 national standard meteorological stations in Hebei province from 1999 to 2018, this study calculates the water demand, effective precipitation, irrigation water demand and precipitation coupling degree of winter wheat, summer maize, apple, pear, watermelon, grape and other water-intensive crops in Hebei province by Penman-Monteith formula and piecewise single value average crop coefficient method. The spatial and temporal variations of crop water use in Hebei province were comprehensively analyzed from the perspectives of water use efficiency (WUE), irrigation water use efficiency (WUEI), nutrient water use efficiency (WUEN), and economic water use efficiency (WUEE). The results revealed that the water requirement of fruit crops was higher than that of grain crops. The water requirement for crop irrigation from large to small was apple, pear, winter wheat, grape, watermelon, and summer maize. During the growth period, the largest effective precipitation was apple and pear, and the lowest was winter wheat; the precipitation coupling degree of summer maize was the highest, followed by watermelon; the precipitation coupling degree of all crops indicated an upward trend in the past 20 years except for winter wheat. The WUE, WUEI, and WUEE of fruit crops were higher than those of grain crops, particularly, WUEE of fruit crops was 10 times higher than that of grain crops. In contrast, the WUEN of grain crops was higher than that of fruit crops. The comprehensive analysis of various crop water use efficiency provides valuable insights for optimizing cropping systems and achieving agricultural water sustainability in Hebei province.

Key words: crop water requirement, effective precipitation, irrigation water demand, water use efficiency

Table 1

Growth periods and monthly Kc values of six crops"

Crop species
Growth period
逐月Kc值 Monthly Kc values 全育期
Whole growth period
Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May Jun. Jul. Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec.
冬小麦Winter wheat 10/5-6/9 0.40 0.51 0.76 1.03 1.10 0.49 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.62
夏玉米Summer maize 6/12-9/21 0.40 0.81 1.16 0.88 0.85
苹果Apple 3/1-10/31 0.45 0.59 0.86 0.91 0.91 0.91 0.91 0.78 0.79
梨Pear 3/1-10/31 0.45 0.59 0.86 0.91 0.91 0.91 0.91 0.78 0.79
葡萄Grape 3/1-9/25 0.32 0.57 0.81 0.82 0.82 0.68 0.50 0.65
西瓜Watermelon 4/1-7/20 0.44 0.87 0.97 0.82 0.77

Fig. 1

Water demand, effective precipitation, and irrigation water demand of six crops in Hebei province from 1999 to 2018 (a)-(f) represent apple, pear, grape, watermelon, winter wheat, and summer maize, respectively."

Fig. 2

Spatial distribution of water demand, effective precipitation, and irrigation water demand of six crops in Hebei province from 1999 to 2018 (a)-(f) represent apple, pear, grape, watermelon, winter wheat, and summer maize, respectively."

Fig. 3

Interannual variation of precipitation coupling degree during growth period of six crops in Hebei province from 1999 to 2018 (a)-(f) represent apple, pear, grape, watermelon, winter wheat, and summer maize, respectively."

Fig. 4

Variation of regional total irrigation water demand of six crops in Hebei province from 1999 to 2018"

Table 2

Average water use efficiency of six crops for 20 years"

作物种类Crop species 作物水分利用效率WUE 灌溉水分利用率WUEI 营养水分利用率WUEN 经济水分利用率WUEE
苹果Apple 16.22 38.36 16.22 16.22
梨Pear 18.12 42.65 52.24 16.15
西瓜Watermelon 31.89 87.80 42.52 44.64
葡萄Grape 126.94 244.37 126.94 53.32
冬小麦Winter wheat 12.29 16.44 97.68 5.59
夏玉米Summer maize 14.36 83.06 80.65 5.41

Fig. 5

Interannual variation of water use efficiency of six crops in Hebei province from 1999 to 2018"

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