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Acta Agronomica Sinica ›› 2019, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (6): 879-892.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2019.81070


Effects of supplemental irrigation with micro-sprinkling hoses on soil physical properties, water consumption and grain yield of winter wheat

Xin-Nan HE,Xiang LIN,Shu-Bo GU,Dong WANG()   

  1. Shandong Agricultural University / State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology / Key Laboratory of Crop Ecophysiology and Farming System, Ministry of Agriculture, Tai’an 271018, Shandong, China
  • Received:2018-10-06 Accepted:2019-01-12 Online:2019-06-12 Published:2019-06-12
  • Contact: Dong WANG E-mail:wangd@sdau.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    This study was supported by the Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research the Public Interest of China(201503130);the National Natural Science Foundation of China(31271660)


Water shortage is a major problem threatening agricultural sustainability, especially winter wheat production, in the Huang-Huai-Hai Plain of China and water-saving cultivation with limited irrigation is a promising technique in this area. It is important to explore the differences between border irrigation (BI) and micro-sprinkling supplemental irrigation (MSI) on soil physical properties, water consumption characteristics, yield and water use efficiency of winter wheat, which can provide theoretical and technical support for water-saving and high-yield cultivation of winter wheat in this region. In 2016 to 2018 winter wheat growing season, BI and MSI were set to study the effects of the two irrigation treatments on soil bulk density, total porosity, capillary porosity, field capacity in the 0-40 cm soil layer, as well as evaporation, evapotranspiration, grain yield and water use efficiency in each growth stage of winter wheat. Compared with BI treatment, MSI treatment decreased the bulk density, but increased the total porosity, capillary porosity and field capacity in 0-20 cm soil layer. In addition, the spring tiller after revival and the evaporation and evapotranspiration from revival to jointing and total water consumption were significantly reduced in MSI treatment. Grain yield was not significantly changed, but water use efficiency was significantly increased in MSI treatment. The above results suggest that MSI can improve the soil physical properties, optimize the population structure, and decrease total water consumption by reducing evaporation and ineffective evapotranspiration of plants, so as to enhance water use efficiency while maintaining high grain yield.

Key words: winter wheat, micro-sprinkler supplemental irrigation, border irrigation, soil physical properties, grain yield, water use efficiency

Table 1

Soil nutrient contents in 0-20 cm soil layer of experimental field before sowing"

Growing season
Organic matter (g kg-1)
Total N (g kg-1)
Available N (mg kg-1)
Available P (mg kg-1)
Available K (mg kg-1)
2016-2017 11.16 1.10 91.40 50.80 140.80
2017-2018 11.37 1.16 96.16 53.64 140.21

Table 2

Soil bulk density, field capacity, total porosity, and capillary porosity in 0-40 cm soil layer of experimental field"

Soil layer (cm)
Bulk density (g cm-3)
Field capacity (%)
Total porosity (%)
Capillary porosity (%)
0-5 1.18 41.58 55.66 33.33
5-10 1.21 41.35 54.51 34.11
10-15 1.14 44.09 56.91 35.25
15-20 1.28 37.93 51.79 31.16
20-25 1.54 25.73 41.92 19.51
25-30 1.56 24.32 41.07 17.68
30-35 1.55 25.46 41.48 19.32
35-40 1.44 28.26 45.56 22.01
0-5 1.09 44.71 58.73 45.73
5-10 1.17 43.07 55.80 42.80
10-15 1.08 48.01 59.38 46.38
15-20 1.15 43.28 56.61 43.61
20-25 1.49 27.51 43.86 30.86
25-30 1.56 24.23 40.98 27.98
30-35 1.55 26.09 41.59 28.59
35-40 1.43 28.59 46.08 33.08

Fig. 1

Precipitation and air temperature in growing seasons of winter wheat in 2016 to 2018"

Table 3

Amount of irrigation in different treatments from 2016 to 2018 (mm)"

2016-2017 2017-2018
MSI 45.9 b 63.5 b 48.7 b 158.1 b 54.0 b 54.3 b 108.3 b
BI 72.2 a 78.4 a 68.9 a 219.5 a 82.7 a 75.5 a 158.2 a

Fig. 2

Changes of soil relative water content in 0-100 cm soil layer before and after supplementary irrigation under different treatments MSI-B: before irrigation under micro-sprinkling supplemental irrigation treatment; BI-B: before irrigation under border irrigation treatment; MSI-A: after irrigation under micro-sprinkling supplemental irrigation treatment; BI-A: after irrigation under border irrigation treatment."

Fig. 3

Changes of bulk density in 0-40 cm soil layer under different treatments MSI: micro-sprinkling supplemental irrigation treatment; BI: border irrigation treatment."

Fig. 4

Changes of field capacity in 0-40 cm soil layer under different treatments MSI: micro-sprinkling supplemental irrigation treatment; BI: border irrigation treatment."

Fig. 5

Changes of soil total porosity in 0-40 cm soil layer under different treatments MSI: micro-sprinkling supplemental irrigation treatment; BI: border irrigation treatment."

Fig. 6

Changes of soil capillary porosity in 0-40 cm soil layer under different treatments MSI: micro-sprinkling supplemental irrigation treatment; BI: border irrigation treatment."

Fig. 7

Daily evaporation of winter wheat and average daily air temperature MSI: micro-sprinkling supplemental irrigation treatment; BI: border irrigation treatment; A: irrigation at sowing; B: irrigation at pre-wintering; C: irrigation at jointing; D: irrigation at anthesis."

Table 4

Water consumption of winter wheat in different growth stages and its composition under different treatments"

MSI 21.4 b 39.5 b 8.8 b 73.8 b 13.3 b 33.6 b 95.9 b 11.5 b 84.5 b 75.2 a 9.0 b 66.1 a 168.5 a 18.6 b 149.9 a
BI 64.4 a 51.2 a 13.2 a 96.9 a 20.9 a 75.9 a 108.5 a 15.4 a 93.2 a 60.0 b 12.7 a 47.3 b 164.1 a 22.7 a 141.4 b
MSI 45.2 a 17.4 a 27.8 a 39.1 b 19.0 b 20.1 b 76.4 b 4.7 b 71.7 b 127.0 a 7.3 b 119.7 a 112.4 a 9.3 b 103.2 a
BI 45.2 a 17.4 a 27.8 a 80.8 a 29.6 a 51.3 a 88.5 a 6.1 a 82.4 a 95.2 b 10.4 a 84.8 b 102.7 b 14.6 a 88.1 b

Fig. 8

Dynamic changes of population culms in different treatments of winter wheat MSI: micro-sprinkling supplemental irrigation treatment; BI: border irrigation treatment."

Table 5

Factors of yield, grain yield, and water use efficiency of winter wheat under different treatment"

Number of spikes
(×104 hm-2)
Grains per
1000-grain weight
Grain yield
(kg hm-2)
Water use efficiency
(kg hm-2 mm-1)
MSI 759 a 28.7 a 46.5 a 9417.2 a 21.7 a
BI 788 a 29.1 a 45.9 a 9626.8 a 19.5 b
MSI 522 a 32.6 a 47.0 a 7898.9 a 19.7 a
BI 540 a 31.4 a 46.6 a 7730.2 a 18.8 b

Table 6

Ecological and economic benefit analysis of micro-sprinkling supplemental irrigation treatment compared with border irrigation treatment"

(m3 hm-2)
(折旧费) EI (DC)
(Yuan hm-2 year-1)
(kW h-1 hm-2)
(Yuan hm-2)
(Yuan hm-2)
(Yuan hm-2)
(Yuan hm-2)
2016-2017 -614.0 675.0 -257.9 -309.5 -1200.0 1192.1 2026.6
2017-2018 -502.0 675.0 -191.5 -229.8 -800.0 1826.7 2181.5
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