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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2011, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (03): 443-451.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2011.00443


Analysis of Adaptability of Soybean Mini Core Collections in Huang-Huai Region

LIU Zhang-Xiong1,YANG Chun-Yan2,XU Ran3,LU Wei-Guo4,QIAO Yong1,ZHANG Li-Feng3,CHANG Ru-Zhen1,QIU Li-Juan1   

  1. 1 National Key Facility for Gene Resources and Genetic Improvement / Key Laboratory of Crop Germplasm Utilization, Ministry of Agriculture, Institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Beijing 100081, China; 2 Institute of Grain and Oil Crops Research, Hebei Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, Shijiazhuang 050031, China; 3 Institute of Crop Sciences, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Jinan 250010, China; 4 Institute of industrial Crops Research, Henan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Zhengzhou 450002, China
  • Received:2010-06-28 Revised:2010-09-27 Online:2011-03-12 Published:2010-12-15
  • Contact: 邱丽娟, E-mail: qiu_lijuan@263.net, Tel: 010-82106826

Abstract: Accurate identification and evaluation of germplasm can enhance its effective use. To evaluate germplasm’s environmental adaptability and stability, we applied the additive main effects and multiplicative interaction (AMMI) model to analyze the two years’ data of the 60 mini core collections of soybean in three provinces in the Huang-Huai region. The results showed that the interactions between the genotypes and environment (G×E) for plant height, effective branch number, 100-seed weight, and yield per unit area were highly significant (P<0.01), and the squares of G×E to total squares were 16.73%–24.57%, suggesting a need of further analysis for the stability of varieties.  The phenotypes of different varieties were dependent on the planting sites, and some germplasm performed wide adaptability while others not in particular environment. The results laid a theoretical foundation to effectively use mini core collection for breeding in Huang-Huai region.

Key words: Soybean, Mini Core Collection, AMMI, Biplot, Regional adaptability

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