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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2012, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (09): 1734-1742.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2012.01734

• RESEARCH NOTES • Previous Articles    

Effects of Low Temperature Stress during Flowering Stage on Flowering and Seed Setting of Rice in Panxi Region, Sichuan Province

ZHANG Rong-Ping1,2,MA Jun1,*,CAI Guang-Ze2,SUN Yong-Jian1   

  1. 1 Rice Research Institute, Sichuan Agricultural University, China Key Laboratory of Crop Physiology, Ecology, and Cultivation in Southwest, Ministry of Agriculture, Wenjiang 611130, China; 2 Xichang College, Xichang 615013, China
  • Received:2012-01-16 Revised:2012-06-06 Online:2012-09-12 Published:2012-07-03
  • Contact: 马均, E-mail: majunp2002@163.com

Abstract: An experiment was conducted in growth chamber with low temperature treatments during flowering stage using three indica and three japonica rice varieties (combinations) to study the effects of low temperature stress onflowering and setting. The results showed that there were different responses and characteristics of flowering, anther, pollen, setting and their relationship between indica and japonica to low temperature stress during flowering stage. The conventional japonica rice had high cold tolerance to low temperature. In comparison with control, the reduction range of the anther volume, anther dehiscence rate, pollen fertility rate, pollen number on stigma and germination rate of pollen on stigma of indica rice varieties (combinations) under low temperature stress was larger than that of japonica rice varieties (combinations). Under low temperature stress during flowering stage, the reduction range of yield components of indica rice varieties (combinations) was greater than that of japonica rice varieties (combinations). The correlation analysis showed a close relation between the seed setting of rice and the main characters of anther and pollen. It is clear that low temperature stress affects the development and maturation of anther and pollen, further blocks anther dehiscence, resulting in insufficient pollen dissemination on stigma. Meanwhile, low temperature stress also reduces pollen viability and germination ability, and directly affects fertilization and seed setting, which is one of the major reasons for reducing seed setting rate.

Key words: Indica rice, Japonica rice, Low temperature, Flowering period, Flowering, Seed setting

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