Welcome to Acta Agronomica Sinica,

Acta Agron Sin ›› 2013, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (03): 464-477.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2013.00464


Characteristics of Nutrient Uptake and Accumulation in Wheat and Rice with Continuous Cropping under Super-High-Yielding Cultivation

LI Hong-Wei,YANG Kai-Peng,CAO Zhuan-Qin,WANG Zhi-Qin,YANG Jian-Chang*   

  1. Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Physiology of Jiangsu Province, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China
  • Received:2012-07-02 Revised:2012-10-05 Online:2013-03-12 Published:2013-01-04
  • Contact: 杨建昌, E-mail: jcyang@yzu.edu.cn; Tel: 0514-87979317


Understandingcharacteristics of nutrient uptake and accumulation in plants would be highly significant in the realization of high-yielding and high efficiency of resource use in rice and wheat. This study aimed at investigating uptake and accumulation characteristics of nitrogen (N), phosphorous (P), and potassium (K) in rice and wheat plants under super-high-yielding cultivation in the wheat-rice planting system in the lower reaches of Yangtze River of China. Two high-yielding wheat varieties and two rice varieties were field-grown for two years. Two cultivation patterns, the local farmers’ practice and super-high-yielding cultivation, were used. The super-high-yielding cultivation adopted two new key techniques, i.e., site-specific nitrogen management and alternate wetting and moderate drying irrigation in rice and controlled soil drying irrigation in wheat. In comparison with those under the local farmers’ practice (wheat yield < 8 t ha-1 and rice yield < 9 t ha-1), the total uptake of N, P, or K in plants was significantly increased, and the accumulation of N, P, or K was significantly decreased before stem elongation, whereas it was significantly increased in the durations from the stem elongation to flowering and from flowering to maturity under the super-high-yielding cultivation (wheat yield > 9 t ha-1 and rice yield > 12 t ha-1). The total uptake of N, P, and K under the super-high-yielding cultivation was 265, 58, and 256 kg ha-1 for wheat and 256, 79, and 321 kg ha-1 for rice, respectively. The proportion of N, P, or K accumulated in plants during the mid and late growth period (from stem elongation to maturity) to the total uptake of nutrients was 50–60% for wheat and 60–70% for rice. The super-high-yielding cultivation significantly increased partial factor productivity of N, P, or K (grain yield/the amount of N, P, or K applied), internal nutrient efficiency (grain yield/the total uptake of N, P, or K at maturity), and harvest index of nutrients (uptake N, P, or K in grains/ the total uptake of N, P, or K in plants at maturity), and significantly decreased the absorption amount of nutrients for grain production (the total uptake of N, P, or K in plants at maturity/grain yield). The results suggest that both wheat and rice absorb relatively smaller nutrients at early growth stages and more nutrients during the mid and late growth period, and the uptake and use efficiency of nutrients could be increased under the super-high-yielding cultivation.

Key words: Super-high-yielding cultivation, Nutrient uptake, Site-specific nitrogen management, Alternate wetting and moderate drying irrigation, Controlled soil drying

[1]Peng S, Tang Q, Zou Y. Current status and challenges of rice production in China. Plant Prod Sci, 2009, 12: 3-8

[2]Zhang Q. Strategies for developing green super rice. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 2007, 104: 16402–16409

[3]Cheng S, Zhuang J, Fan Y, Du J, Cao L. Progress in research and development on hybrid rice: A super-domesticate in China. Ann Bot, 2007, 100: 959–966

[4]Xiao Y G, Qian Z G, Wu K, Liu J J, Xia X C, Ji W Q, He Z H. Genetic gains in grain yield and physiological traits of winter wheat in Shandong Province, China, from 1969 to 2006. Crop Sci, 2012, 52: 44–56

[5]Tian Z, Jing Q, Dai T, Jiang D, Cao W. Effects of genetic improvements on grain yield and agronomic traits of winter wheat in the Yangtze River Basin of China. Field Crops Res, 2011, 124: 417–425

[6]Yang J-C(杨建昌), Du Y(杜永), Liu H(刘辉). Cultivation approaches and techniques for annual super-high-yielding of rice and wheat in the lower reaches of Yangtze River. Sci Agric Sin (中国农业科学), 2008, 41(6): 1611–1621 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[7]Xu D-H(许德海), Wang X-Y(王晓燕), Ma R-R(马荣荣), Yu S-M(禹盛苗), Zhu L-F(朱练峰), Ou-Yang Y-N(欧阳由男), Jin Q-Y(金千瑜). Analysis on physiological properties of the heavy panicle type of indica-japonica inter-subspecific hybrid rice Yongyou 6. Sci Agric Sin (中国农业科学), 2010, 43(23): 4796–4804 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[8]Pan S-G(潘圣刚), Huang S-Q(黄胜奇), Zhang F(张帆), Wang J-P(汪金平), Cai M-L(蔡明历), Cao C-G(曹凑贵), Tang X-R(唐湘如), Li G-X(黎国喜). Growth and development characteristics of super-high-yielding mid-season indica hybrid rice. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2011, 37(3): 537–544 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[9]Sui N(隋娜), Li M(李萌), Tian J-C(田纪春), Meng Q-W(孟庆伟), Zhao S-J(赵世杰). Photosynthetic characteristics of super high yield wheat cultivars at late growth period. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2005, 31(6): 808–817 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[10]Du Y(杜永), Liu H(刘辉), Yang C(杨成), Wang Z-Q(王志琴), Yang J-C(杨建昌). Characteristics of nutrient absorption in super-high-yielding mid-season and late-maturity Japonica rice. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2007, 33(2): 208–215 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[11]Yang J, Du Y, Wu C, Liu L, Wang Z, Zhu Q. Growth and development characteristics of super-high-yielding mid-season japonica rice. Frontier Agric China, 2007, 1(2): 1–9

[12]Peng S, Buresh R J, Huang J, Yang J, Zou Y, Zhong X, Wang G, Zhang F. Strategies for overcoming low agronomic nitrogen use efficiency in irrigated rice systems in China. Field Crops Res, 2006, 96: 37–47

[13]Bao S-D(鲍士旦). Analysis of Soil and Agricultural Chemistry (土壤农化分析). Beijing: China Agriculture Press, 2000. pp 257–270 (in Chinese)

[14]Liu X, Wang J, Lu S, Zhang F, Zeng X, Ai Y, Peng S, Christie P. Effects of non-flooded mulching cultivation on crop yield, nutrient uptake and nutrient balance in rice-wheat cropping systems. Field Crops Res, 2003, 83: 297–311

[15]Ye Y, Wang G, Huang Y, Zhu Y, Meng Q, Chen X, Zhang F, Cui Z. Understanding physiological processes associated with yield-trait relationships in modern wheat varieties. Field Crops Res, 2011, 124: 316–322

[16]Dang H-K(党红凯), Li R-Q(李瑞奇), Zhang X-W(张馨文), Sun Y-H(孙亚辉), Li Y-M(李雁鸣). Study on the absorption, accumulation and distribution of copper in super-high-yielding winter wheat. Sci Agric Sin (中国农业科学), 2010, 43(24): 5019–5027 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[17]Horie T, Shiraiwa T, Homma K, Katsura K, Maeda Y, Yoshida H. Can yields of lowland rice resume the increases that showed in the 1980s? Plant Prod Sci, 2005, 8: 259–274

[18]Fu J, Huang Z, Wang Z, Yang J, Zhang J. Pre-anthesis non-structural carbohydrate reserve in the stem enhances the sink strength of inferior spikelets during grain filling of rice. Field Crops Res, 2011, 123: 170–182

[19]Li H, Liu L, Wang Z, Yang J, Zhang J. Agronomic and physiological performance of high-yielding wheat and rice in the lower reaches of Yangtze River of China. Field Crops Res, 2012, 133: 119–129

[20]Yang J-C(杨建昌), Chen Z-H(陈忠辉), Du Y(杜永). Characteristics of super hig-yielding population of rice and cultivation techniques. Rev China Agric Sci Technol (中国农业科技导报), 2004, 6(4): 37–41 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[21]Ling Q-H(凌启鸿), Zhang H-C(张洪程), Su Z-F(苏祖芳), Ling L(凌励). New Theory in Rice Production (稻作新理论). Beijing: Science Press, 1994. pp 214–238 (in Chinese)

[22]Ling Q-H (凌启鸿). Quality of Crop Population (作物群体质量). Shanghai: Shanghai Scientific and Technical Publishers, 2000. pp 42–216 (in Chinese)

[23]Zhang Y-Q(张玉芹), Yang H-S(杨恒山), Gao J-L(高聚林), Zhang R-F(张瑞富), Wang Z-G(王志刚), Xu S-J(徐寿军), Fan X-Y(范秀艳), Yang S-H(杨升辉). Study on canopy structure and physiological characteristics of super-high yield spring maize. Sci Agric Sin (中国农业科学), 2011, 44(21): 4367–4376 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[24]Chen G-P(陈国平), Gao J-L(高聚林), Zhao M(赵明), Dong S-T(董树亭), Li S-K(李少昆), Yang Q-F(杨祁峰), Liu Y-H(刘永红), Wang L-C(王立春), Xue J-Q(薛吉全), Liu J-G(柳京国), Li C-H(李潮海), Wang Y-H(王永宏), Wang Y-D(王友德), Song H-X(宋慧欣), Zhao J-R(赵久然). Analysis on distribution, yield structure and key culture techniques of maize super-high yield plots in recent years. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2012, 38(1): 80–85 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[25]Yang J-C(杨建昌). Relationships of rice root morphology and physiology with the formation of grain yield and quality and the nutrient absorption and utilization. Sci Agric Sin (中国农业科学), 2011, 44(1): 36–46 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[26]Cassman K G. Ecological intensification of cereal production systems: Yield potential, soil quality, and precision agriculture. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 1999, 96: 5952–5959

[27]Cassman K G, Dobermann A, Walters D T. Meeting cereal demand while protecting natural resources and improving environmental quality. Ann Rev Environ Resour, 2003, 28: 315–358

[28]Peng S, Garcia F V, Laza R C, Sanico A L, Visperas R M, Cassman, K G. Increased N-use efficiency using a chlorophyll meter on high-yielding irrigated rice. Field Crops Res, 1996, 47: 243–252

[29]Peng S, Buresh R J, Huang J, Zhong X, Zou Y, Yang J, Wang G, Liu Y, Tang Q, Cui K, Zhang F, Dobermann A. Improving nitrogen fertilization in rice by site-specific N management. A review. Agron Sustain Dev, 2010, 30: 649–656

[30]Liu L-J(刘立军), Xu W(徐伟), Sang D-Z(桑大志), Liu C-L(刘彩莲), Zhou J-L(周家麟), Yang J-C(杨建昌). Site-specific nitrogen management increases fertilizer-nitrogen use efficiency in rice. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2006, 32(7): 987–994 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[31]Witt C, Dobermann A. Abdulrachman S, Gines H C, Wang G H, Nagarajan R, Satawathananont S, Son T T, Tan P S, Tiem L V, Simbahan G C, Olk D C. Internal nutrient efficiencies of irrigated lowland rice in tropical and subtropical Asia. Field Crops Res, 1999, 63: 113–138

[32]Tuong T P, Bouman B A M, Mortimer M. More rice, less water-integrated approaches for increasing water productivity in irrigated rice-based systems in Asia. Plant Prod Sci, 2005, 8: 231–241

[33]Yao F, Huang J, Cui K, Nie L, Xiang J, Liu X, Wu W, Chen M, Peng S. Agronomic performance of high-yielding rice variety grown under alternate wetting and drying irrigation. Field Crops Res, 2012, 126: 16–22

[34]Belder P, Bouman B A M, Cabangon R, Guoan L, Quilang E J P, Li Y, Spiertz J H J, Tuong T P. Effect of water-saving irrigation on rice yield and water use in typical lowland conditions in Asia. Agric Water Manag, 2004, 65: 193–210

[35]Yang J, Liu K, Wang Z, Du Y, Zhang J. Water-saving and high-yielding irrigation for lowland rice by controlling limiting values of soil water potential. J Integr Plant Biol, 2007, 49: 1445–1454

[36]Zhang H, Xue Y, Wang Z, Yang J, Zhang J. An Alternate wetting and moderate soil drying regime improves root and shoot growth in rice. Crop Sci, 2009, 49: 2246–2260

[37]Zhang H, Zhang S, Zhang J, Yang J, Wang Z. Post-anthesis moderate wetting drying improves both quality and quantity of rice yield. Agron J, 2008, 100: 726–734

[38]Zhang H, Chen T, Wang Z, Yang J, Zhang J. Involvement of cytokinins in the grain filling of rice under alternate wetting and drying irrigation. J Exp Bot, 2010, 61: 3719–3733

[39]Yang J, Zhang J. Grain filling of cereals under soil drying. New Phytol, 2006, 169: 223–236

[40]Yang J, Zhang J, Wang Z, Xu G, Zhu Q. Activities of key enzymes in sucrose-to-starch conversion in wheat grains subjected to water deficit during grain filling. Plant Physiol, 2004, 135: 1621–1629

[1] YANG Huan, ZHOU Ying, CHEN Ping, DU Qing, ZHENG Ben-Chuan, PU Tian, WEN Jing, YANG Wen-Yu, YONG Tai-Wen. Effects of nutrient uptake and utilization on yield of maize-legume strip intercropping system [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1476-1487.
[2] CHENG Yi,LIU Peng,LIU Yu-Wen,PANG Shang-Shui,DONG Shu-Ting,ZHANG Ji-Wang,ZHAO Bin,REN Bai-Zhao. Regulation of grain yield and nutrient absorption of modern summer maize varieties in the Yellow-Huaihe-Haihe Rivers region [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2019, 45(11): 1699-1714.
[3] WANG Jin-Song,JIAO Xiao-Yan,DING Yu-Chuan,DONG Er-Wei,BAI Wei-Bin,WANG Li-Ge,WU Ai-Lian. Response of Nutrient Uptake, Yield and Quality to Nutrition of Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium in Grain Sorghum [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2015, 41(08): 1269-1278.
[4] WANG Ya-Jiang,WEI Hai-Yan*,YAN Xi-Ting,GE Meng-Jie,MENG Tian-Yao,ZHANG Hong-Cheng,DAI Qi-Gen,HUO Zhong-Yang,XU Ke,FEI Xin-Ru. Effects of Light, Nitrogen and Their Interaction on Grain Yield and Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium Absorption in Japonica Super Rice [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2014, 40(07): 1235-1244.
[5] WANG Yin,LU Jian-Wei,LI Xiao-Kun,REN Tao,CONG Ri-Huan,ZHAN Li-Ping. Effects of Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium, and Boron Fertilizers on Winter Oilseed Rape (Brassica napus L.) Direct-sown in the Yangtze River Basin [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2013, 39(08): 1491-1500.
[6] YU Tian-Yi,PANG Huan-Cheng,TANG Hai-Ming,YANG Guang-Li,LI Yu-Yi,XIAO Xiao-Ping,TANG Wen-Guang,CHEN Fu,REN Tian-Zhi. Effects of Paddy Soils from Different Parent Materials on Yield and Nutrient Uptake Characteristics of Double-Cropping Rice [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2013, 39(05): 896-904.
[7] LIU Li-Jun,YANG Li-Nian,SUN Xiao-Lin,WANG Zhi-Qin,YANG Jian-Chang. Fartilizer-Nitrogen Use Efficiency and Its Physiological Mechanism under Site-Specific Nitrogen Management in Rice [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2009, 35(9): 1672-1680.
[8] XU Tian-Yang,ZHAO Zheng-Xiong,LI Zhong-Huan,CHEN Rong-Ping,XU Long,et al.. Effect of tilling Depth on Growth,Nutrient Uptake,Yield and Quality of Flue-Cured Tobacco Plant [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2009, 35(7): 1364-1368.
[9] XU Guo-Wei,TAN Gui-Lu,WANG Zhi-Qin,LIU Li-Jun,YANG Jian-Chang. Effects of Wheat-Residue Application and Site-Specific Nitrogen Management on Growth and Development in Direct-Seeding Rice [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2009, 35(4): 685-694.
[10] XU Guo-Wei;YANG Li-Nian;WANG Zhi-Qin;LIU Li-Jun;YANG Jian-Chang. Effects of Wheat-Residue Application and Site-Specific Nitrogen Manage- ment on Absorption and Utilization of Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potas-sium in Rice Plants [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2008, 34(08): 1424-1434.
[11] ZHAO Zheng-Xiong;YIN Hong-Hui;LI Hong-Guang;TANG Jia-Min;LI Shao-Ming. Integrated Effects of Reducing N Application and Cutting-Roots with K Top-Dressing on N, K Uptake, and Yield, Quality of Flue-Cured Tobacco [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2008, 34(07): 1294-1298.
[12] HUANG Ming-Li;DENG Xi-Ping;ZHOU Sheng-Lu;ZHAO Yu-Zong;Shinobu INANAGA. Nutrient Uptake and Use Efficiency of Diploid, Tetraploid, and Hexaploid Wheats under Different Water and Nutrition Conditions [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2007, 33(05): 708-716.
[13] XU Guo-Wei;WU Chang-Fu;LIU Hui;WANG Zhi-Qin;YANG Jian-Chang. Effects of Wheat Residue Incorporation and Nitrogen Management Techniques on Formation of the Grain Yield of Rice [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2007, 33(02): 284-291.
[14] LIU Li-Jun;XU Wei;SANG Da-Zhi;LIU Cui-Lian;ZHOU Jia-Lin;YANG Jian-Chang. Site-specific Nitrogen Management Increases Fertilizer-nitrogen Use Efficiency in Rice [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2006, 32(07): 987-994.
Full text



No Suggested Reading articles found!