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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2014, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (12): 2098-2103.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2014.02098


Identification and Genetic Analysis of Photoperiod Insensitive Materials in Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus)

ZHANG Li-Wu,HUANG Zhi-Miao,WAN Xue-Bei,LIN Li-Hui,XU Jian-Tang,TAO Ai-Fen,FANG Ping-Ping,QI Jian-Min*   

  1. Key Laboratory for Genetics, Breeding and Multiple Utilization of Crops, Ministry of Education / College of Crop Science, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China
  • Received:2014-05-17 Revised:2014-09-16 Online:2014-12-12 Published:2014-10-16
  • Contact: 祁建民, E-mail: qijm863@163.com, Tel: 0591-87644898


Flowering stage is one of the key factors affecting fiber yield and quality in kenaf. In this study, photoperiod response sensitivity of six newly bred kenaf lines was identified via changing sowing time. The results showed that photoperiod response sensitivity of various lines ranged from 36.0% to 56.2%. Among them, Zanyin 1 was insensitive one to photoperiod response (36.0%) while Fuhong 952B was sensitive (56.2%) one. To uncover the genetic basis of flowering stage under the condition of natural short day, we further used the joint segregation analysis of four populations (P1, P2, F1, and F2) in a cross of Zanyin 1 ´ Fuhong 952B. The analysis of F1 and reciprocal F1 revealed that flowering stage was controlled by nuclear genes instead of cytoplasmic genes, and the photoperiod response sensitivity genotype was almost completely dominant. Flowering stage is best described by the D-1 genetic model, a case of one additive-dominance major gene as well as additive-dominance-epistasis polygenes. The additive effect of the major gene was 8.2 days. And heritability of the major gene was 80.2%. These findings will facilitate breeding strategies for the improvement of photoperiodic insensitive germplasm as well as the major gene mapping in kenaf.

Key words: Kenaf, Flowering stage, Photoperiod insensitivity, Genetic analysis

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