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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2008, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (06): 919-925.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2008.00919

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Research Outline on Some Related Characteristics of Brachypodium dis-tachyon as a New Model Plant Species

YE Xing-Guo   

  1. Institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences / Key Laboratory of Agriculture Ministry for Crop Genetics and Breeding / National Key Facility for Crop Gene Resources and Genetic Improvement, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2007-12-12 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2008-06-12 Published:2008-06-12
  • Contact: YE Xing-Guo

Abstract: Brachypodium distachyon, a monocot grass plant and widely distributed in temperate areas, has been regarded as an new potential model plant species and studied extensively in recent years because of its smaller genome, less chromosomes, shorter plant height, rapid life cycle, higher seed yield, undemanding growth requirements, and different ploidies similar to Triticum including diploid, tetraploid, and hexaploid. But, related research on this plant in domestic is just in initial stage. Cytogenetics, molecular genetics, genomics, mapping, tissue culture, and transformation of Brachypodium distachyon were reviewed in this paper, and its further investigation and application were briefly prospected at the same time in order to promote its study on the characteristics as model plant and benefit the structural and functional genomics research of some Pooideae species such as wheat and barley.

Key words: Brachypodium distachyon, Model plant, Genomics, Molecular markers, Tissue culture, Transformation

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