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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2013, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (10): 1806-1813.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2013.01806


Effect of Indica-Japonica Hybridization on Grain Quality of Rice Cultivars in Northeast China

GAO Hong,LI Fei-Fei,LÜ Guo-Yi,XIA Ying-Jun,WANG Jia-Yu,SUN Jian,TANG Liang,XU Zheng-Jin*   

  1. Rice Research Institute/Key Laboratory of Rice Biology and Breeding, Ministry of Agriculture/Key Laboratory of Northern Japonica Super Rice Breeding, Ministry of Education, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang 110866, China
  • Received:2013-03-21 Revised:2013-04-22 Online:2013-10-12 Published:2013-07-31
  • Contact: 徐正进, E-mail: xuzhengjin@126.com, Tel: 024-88487183


Most cultivated varieties were bred from indica–japonica hybridization in Northeast China. In this study, we collected major japonica rice varieties widely cultivated in Northeast China and Japanese varietiesas research materials, using subspecies-specific InDel and SSILP markers determined the proportion of indica pedigree in japonica cultivars, compared the morphological differentiation with the Cheng’s index, and measured 10 rice quality traits to study the relationship of indica pedigree, morphological differentiation and grain quality with correlation analysis. The results indicated that the indica-type allele frequency of Northeast japonica cultivars was 4.71% and extremely higher than that of Japanese varieties (0.30%); Indica-type loci frequency of Northeast japonica cultivars among 12 rice chromosomes was greatly different, that of chromosomes 5, 6, 10, and 11 was more than 5%, indica-type loci frequency of chromosome 5 was the most (9.83%), while chromosomes 7 was the least (0.59%). Indica-type allele frequency of rice cultivars in Northeast China showed an order of Liaoning (6.17%) > Jilin (3.92%) > Heilongjiang (3.44%), with significant different between Liaoning and Jilin, Heilongjiang, and no great difference between Jilin and Heilongjiang. The subspecies type of the Northeast cultivated varieties and Japanese varieties was japonicalinous and typical japonica respectively identilgied by Cheng’s index, and vascular bundle characters also greatly differred too. Rice milling quality of Japan preceded than that of Northeast China. Cheng’s index had very significantly positive correlations with rice milling quality. Indica-genotype frequencies had very significantly or significantly negative correlations with milling quality and taste score. The chalky grain rate was very significantly and positively correlated with indica-genotype frequencies. The main reason of lower chalkiness traits of japonica in Northeast China than in Japan was that the chalky grain rate and chalkiness were very low in Heilongjang.

Key words: Rice cultivars in Northeast China, Japanese varieties, Indica-genotype frequencies, Grain quality

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