Welcome to Acta Agronomica Sinica,

Acta Agron Sin ›› 2011, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (10): 1809-1818.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2011.01809


Effect of Non-flooded Straw-mulching Cultivation on Grain Yield and Quality of Direct-seeding Rice

ZHANG Zi-Chang,LI Hong-Wei,WANG Xue-Ming,YUAN Li-Min,WANG Zhi-Qin,LIU Li-Jun,YANG Jian-Chang*   

  1. Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Physiology of Jiangsu Province / Key Laboratory of Crop Physiology, Ecology and Cultivation in Middle and Lower Reaches of Yangtze River of Ministry of Agriculture, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China
  • Received:2011-02-11 Revised:2011-06-25 Online:2011-10-12 Published:2011-07-28
  • Contact: 杨建昌, E-mail: jcyang@yzu.edu.cn, Tel: 0514-87979317

Abstract: There aretwo problems in rice production in China: the one is the water shortage and another is labor shortage because of the climate change and economic development. Therefore, water-saving and labor-saving techniques should be developed. The direct-seeding is considered as a labor-saving while the non-flooded mulching cultivation as a water-saving practice. The aim of this study was to investigate if non-flooded straw mulching cultivation could maintain both grain yield and quality of direct-seeding rice. Two rice cultivars currently used in the production, Yangdao 6 (an indica) and Yangjing 4038 (a japonica), were field grown using a direct-seeding method, and three treatments, non-flooded wheat-straw-mulching (SM), non-flooded and no mulching (NM), and traditional flooding and no mulching (Control, TF), were imposed from 10 days after sowing to maturity. Compared with that under TF, grain yield showed some reduction under both SM and NM. The reduction in yield was 1.9–6.6% under SM, and 18.0–27.6% under NM. The difference in grain yield was not significant between SM and TF, and was significant between NM and TF. SM significantly improved head rice, gel consistency, albumin, glutelin and eating quality, and significantly reduced chalky kernels, chalkiness and prolamine content, and NM had the opposite effect.The results indicated that non-flooded wheat-straw-mulching could maintain a high grain yield and improved grain quality for direct-seeding rice. Greater leaf photosynthetic rate, root activity, and contents of indole-3-acetic acid and zeatin+zeatin riboside under such a practice contributed to a high grain yield and better quality, whereas NM significantly reduced these physiological parameters, and consequently reduced grain yield and quality.

Key words: Rice, Direct seeding, Non-flooded wheat straw mulching, Grain yield, Grain quality, Hormones

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