Welcome to Acta Agronomica Sinica,

Acta Agron Sin ›› 2016, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (03): 313-319.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2016.00313

• REVIEW •     Next Articles

Dilemma and Way-out of Hybrid Rice during the Transition Period in China

PENG Shao-Bing   

  1. College of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
  • Received:2015-11-07 Revised:2015-12-22 Online:2016-03-12 Published:2015-12-25
  • Supported by:

    This study was supported by the Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest(201203096) and the Program for Changjiang Scholars and Innovative Research Team in University of Ministry of Education of China(IRT1247).


Hybrid rice technology is one of a few world-class technologies that were developed by Chinese scientists. Its wide adoption has made tremendous contribution to food security in China. However, the planting area to hybrid rice has started declining in recent years in China. This is because rice farmers now prefer inbred varieties with low-input requirements and cheap seed price to cut down the production cost. Hybrid rice technology is still effective in enhancing grain yield and farmers’ incoming if it is used properly. To reverse the declining trend of hybrid rice planting area in China, breeders need to adjust their breeding targets and develop new hybrid rice varieties with the following characteristics: (1) suitable for low-input and mechanized cultivation, (2) resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses, (3) high resource use efficiency, and (4) good grain quality. In addition, the cost of hybrid seed production must be reduced with low-input and mechanized cultivation technology in order to produce hybrid rice seeds which are affordable to rice farmers.

Key words: Hybrid rice, Low-input cultivation, Mechanization, Seed price, Grain quality

[1]Ma G H, Yuan L P. Hybrid rice achievements, development and prospect in China. J Integr Agric, 2015, 14: 197−205

[2]国家水稻数据中心. 中国超级稻. http://www.ricedata.cn/variety/superice.htm

China Rice Data Center. China Super Rice. http://www.ricedata.cn/variety/superice.htm [Issued date: 2015-9-25] (Visited date: 2015-11-4)

[3]李晏军. 中国杂交水稻技术发展研究 (1964−2010). 南京农业大学博士论文, 江苏南京, 2010

Li Y J. Research on the Development of Hybrid Rice Technology in China (1964−2010). PhD Dissertation of Nanjing Agricultural University, Jiangsu, China, 2010 

[4]邓兴旺, 王海洋, 唐晓艳, 周君莉, 陈浩东, 何光明, 陈良碧, 许智宏. 杂交水稻育种将迎来新时代. 中国科学: 生命科学, 2013, 43: 864−868

Deng X W, Wang H Y, Tang X Y, Zhou J L, Chen H D, He G M, Chen L B, Xu Z H. Hybrid rice breeding welcomes a new era of molecular crop design. Sci Sin Vitae, 2013, 43: 864−868 (in Chinese with English abstract) 

[5]李黎红, 倪建平, 陈乾, 李西明. 中国杂交水稻种业的发展和展望. 种子, 2013, 32(2): 56−60

Li L H, Ni J P, Chen Q, Li X M. Development and prospect of hybrid rice seed industry in China. Seed, 2013, 32(2): 56−60 (in Chinese) 

[6]岳尚华. 一粒种子改变一个世界. 地球, 2014, 214(2): 1−4

Yue S H. One seed changes a whole world. Earth, 2014, 214: 1−4 (in Chinese) 

[7]Virmani S S. Prospects of hybrid rice in the tropics and subtropics. In: Virmani S S, ed. Hybrid Rice Technology: New Developments and Future Prospects. Philippines: International Rice Research Institute, P.O. Box 933, Manila 1099, 1994. pp 7−19

[8]石萌萌. 杂交水稻发展推广面临新考验. 科技导报, 2014, 32(27): 9

Shi M M. New challenges in the development and adoption of hybrid rice. Sci & Technol Rev, 2014, 32(27): 9 (in Chinese) 

[9]全国农业技术推广服务中心. 2014年全国农作物种子产供需形势分析秋季例会纪要. 北京: 全国农业技术推广服务中心, 2014

National Agricultural Technology Extension and Service Center. Analysis on the Supply and Demand Situation of Seed Production of Major Crops in 2014. Beijing: National Agricultural Technology Extension and Service Center, 2014  

[10]陈立云, 雷东阳, 唐文帮, 邓化冰, 肖应辉, 张桂莲. 中国杂交水稻发展面临的挑战与策略. 杂交水稻, 2015, 30(5): 1−4

Chen L Y, Lei D Y, Tang W B, Deng H B, Xiao Y H, Zhang G L. Challenges and strategies of hybrid rice development. Hybrid Rice, 2015, 30(5): 1−4 (in Chinese with English abstract) 

[11]彭少兵. 对转型时期水稻生产的战略思考. 中国科学: 生命科学, 2014, 44: 845−850

Peng S B. Reflection on China’s rice production strategies during the transition period. Sci Sin Vitae, 2014, 44: 845−850 (in Chinese with English abstract) 

[12]国家统计局. 主要农作物播种面积. http://data.stats.gov.cn/easyquery.htm?cn=C01

National Bureau of Statistics of China. Planting Area of Major Crops. http://data.stats.gov.cn/easyquery.htm?cn=C01 [Issued date: 2015-10-19] (Visited date: 2015-11-4)

[13]Deliberto M A, Salassi M E. Hybrid rice production costs and returns: Comparisons with conventional & Clearfield varieties. Staff Report No. 2010-06. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, 2010. pp 1−8

[14]Yuan L P, Virmani S S. Status of hybrid rice research and development. In: Hybrid Rice: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Hybrid Rice, Changsha, Hunan, China. 6−10 Oct. 1986. Philippines: International Rice Research Institute, P.O. Box 933, Manila 1099, 1988. pp 7−25

[15]Peng S, Cassman K G, Virmani S S, Sheehy J, Khush G S. Yield potential trends of tropical rice since the release of IR8 and the challenge of increasing rice yield potential. Crop Sci, 1999, 39: 1552−1559

[16]Sun L M, Hussain S, Liu H Y, Peng S B, Huang J L, Cui K H, Nie L X. Implications of low sowing rate for hybrid rice varieties under dry direct-seeded rice system in Central China. Field Crops Res, 2015, 175: 87−95

[17]Ottis B V, Talbert R E, Scott R C, Smith K L. Rice yield and quality as affected by cultivar and red rice (Oryza sativa) density. Weed Sci, 2005, 53: 499−504

[18]Tesio F, Tabacchi M, Cerioli S, Follis F. Sustainable hybrid rice cultivation in Italy:a review. Agron Sustain Dev, 2014, 34: 93−102

[19]杨仕华, 程本义, 沈伟峰, 夏俊辉. 中国两系杂交水稻选育与应用进展. 杂交水稻, 2009, 24(1): 5−9

Yang S H, Cheng B Y, Shen W F, Xia J H. Progress of application and breeding on two-line hybrid rice in China. Hybrid Rice, 2009, 24(1): 5−9 (in Chinese with English abstract) 

[20]Ottis B. Hybrid rice seed—meeting the needs of the rice industry since 2003. http://www. ricetec.com/News/News [Issued date: 2015-09-17] (Visited date: 2015-11-05)

[21]Nally L L, Dixon B L, Brye K, Rogers C W, Myrteza H, Norma R J. Estimating cultivar effects on water usage and greenhouse gas emissions in rice production. Agron J, 2014, 106: 1981−1992

[22]Lyman N, Nally L L. Economic analysis of hybrid rice performance in Arkansas. Agron J, 2013, 105: 977−988

[23]Norman R, Roberts T, Slaton N, Fulford A. Nitrogen uptake efficiency of a hybrid compared with a conventional, pure-line rice cultivar. Soil Sci Soc Am J, 2013, 77: 1235−1240

[24]全国农业技术推广服务中心. 2013年全国农作物主要品种推广情况表. 北京: 全国农业技术推广服务中心, 2014. pp 10−25

National Agricultural Technology Extension and Service Center. Planting Area of Major Varieties of Crops in China in 2013. Beijing: National Agricultural Technology Extension and Service Center, 2014. pp 10−25 (in Chinese)

[25]Hardke J, Mazzanti R, Baker R. 2015 Arkansas rice quick facts. http://www.uaex.edu/farm- ranch/crops-commercial-horticulture/2015%20Arkansas%20Rice%20Quick%20Facts.pdf [Issued date: 2015-10-29] (Visited date: 2015-11-05)

[26]RiceTec. 2015 RiceTec Product Guide. Houston: RiceTec Inc., 2015. pp 1−20

[27]宋富根, 罗来保, 喻吉生, 颜见恩, 尹红根, 肖尚华, 陈茶光. 两系杂交稻制种应注意的几个技术问题. 江西农业学报, 2006, 18(2): 59−61

Song F G, Luo L B, Yu J S, Yan J E, Yin H G, Xiao S H, Chen C G. Several technical problems in the production of hybrid rice. Acta Agric Jiangxi, 2006, 18(2): 59−61 (in Chinese)

[28]雷东阳, 肖层林, 陈立云. 两系杂交稻制种存在的问题与对策. 作物研究, 2008, 22(增刊1): 390−393

Lei D Y, Xiao C L, Chen L Y. The problems and countermeasures in seed production of two-line hybrid rice. Crop Res, 2008, 22(suppl-1): 390−393 (in Chinese)

[29]江苏省种子管理站. 关于切实做好2015年杂交水稻制种风险控制的通知. http://www.jsseed.cn/hangyeguanli/tongzhigonggao/1115.html

Seed Management Station of Jiangsu Province. Notice of risk control in seed production of hybrid rice in 2015. http://www.jsseed.cn/hangyeguanli/tongzhigonggao/1115.html [Issued date: 2015-4-17] (Visited date: 2015-11-4)

[30]陶爱林, 周文华. 籼粳亚种间杂交稻研究现状与展望. 中国水稻科学, 1997, 19: 107−112

Tao A L, Zhou W H. Current status and prospects of research on intersubspecific (indica-japonica) hybrid rice. Chin J Rice Sci, 1997, 19: 107−112(in Chinese with English abstract)

[1] DENG Zhao, JIANG Nan, FU Chen-Jian, YAN Tian-Zhe, FU Xing-Xue, HU Xiao-Chun, QIN Peng, LIU Shan-Shan, WANG Kai, YANG Yuan-Zhu. Analysis of blast resistance genes in Longliangyou and Jingliangyou hybrid rice varieties [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(5): 1071-1080.
[2] QIN Qin, TAO You-Feng, HUANG Bang-Chao, LI Hui, GAO Yun-Tian, ZHONG Xiao-Yuan, ZHOU Zhong-Lin, ZHU Li, LEI Xiao-Long, FENG Sheng-Qiang, WANG Xu, REN Wan-Jun. Characteristics of panicle stem growth and flowering period of the parents of hybrid rice in machine-transplanted seed production [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(4): 988-1004.
[3] ZHENG Shu-Feng, LIU Xiao-Ling, WANG Wei, XU Dao-Qing, KAN Hua-Chun, CHEN Min, LI Shu-Ying. On the green and light-simplified and mechanized cultivation of cotton in a cotton-based double cropping system [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(3): 541-552.
[4] CHEN Yun, LI Si-Yu, ZHU An, LIU Kun, ZHANG Ya-Jun, ZHANG Hao, GU Jun-Fei, ZHANG Wei-Yang, LIU Li-Jun, YANG Jian-Chang. Effects of seeding rates and panicle nitrogen fertilizer rates on grain yield and quality in good taste rice cultivars under direct sowing [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(3): 656-666.
[5] LIU Yun-Jing, ZHENG Fei-Na, ZHANG Xiu, CHU Jin-Peng, YU Hai-Tao, DAI Xing-Long, HE Ming-Rong. Effects of wide range sowing on grain yield, quality, and nitrogen use of strong gluten wheat [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(3): 716-725.
[6] WANG Ya-Liang, ZHU De-Feng, ZHANG Yu-Ping, CHEN Ruo-Xia, XIANG Jing, CHEN Hui-Zhe, CHEN Jiang-Hua, WANG Feng. Analysis on the plant growth and yield formation of double cropping late season hybrid rice in machine transplanting with long seedling age by precision drill sowing [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(1): 215-225.
[7] YANG Zhi-Yuan, SHU Chuan-Hai, ZHANG Rong-Ping, YANG Guo-Tao, WANG Ming-Tian, QIN Jian, SUN Yong-Jian, MA Jun, LI Na. Comparison of tolerances to nitrogen fertilizer between compact and loose hybrid indica rice varieties [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2021, 47(8): 1593-1602.
[8] KE Jian, CHEN Ting-Ting, XU Hao-Cong, ZHU Tie-Zhong, WU Han, HE Hai-Bing, YOU Cui-Cui, ZHU De-Quan, WU Li-Quan. Effects of different application methods of controlled-release nitrogen fertilizer on grain yield and nitrogen utilization of indica-japonica hybrid rice in pot-seedling mechanically transplanted [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2021, 47(7): 1372-1382.
[9] HAN Zhan-Yu,GUAN Xian-Yue,ZHAO Qian,WU Chun-Yan,HUANG Fu-Deng,PAN Gang,CHENG Fang-Min. Individual and combined effects of air temperature at filling stage and nitrogen application on storage protein accumulation and its different components in rice grains [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2020, 46(7): 1087-1098.
[10] Lei ZHOU,Qiu-Yuan LIU,Jin-Yu TIAN,Meng-Hua ZHU,Shuang CHENG,Yang CHE,Zhi-Jie WANG,Zhi-Peng XING,Ya-Jie HU,Guo-Dong LIU,Hai-Yan WEI,Hong-Cheng ZHANG. Differences in yield and nitrogen absorption and utilization of indica-japonica hybrid rice varieties of Yongyou series [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2020, 46(5): 772-786.
[11] XIANG Li-Yuan,XU Kai,SU Jing,WU Chao,YUAN Xiong,ZHENG Xing-Fei,DIAO Ying,HU Zhong-Li,LI Lan-Zhi. Genetic dissection of combining ability and heterosis of rice agronomic traits based on pathway analysis [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2019, 45(9): 1319-1326.
[12] Lai-Chao LUO,Zhao-Hui WANG,Xiao-Li HUI,Xiang ZHANG,Qing-Xia MA,Ming BAO,Yue ZHAO,Ming HUANG,Sen WANG. Effects of Plastic Film Mulching on Grain Yield and Sulfur Concentration of Winter Wheat in Dryland of Loess Plateau [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2018, 44(6): 886-896.
[13] Dong XU, Ying ZHU, Lei ZHOU, Chao HAN, Lei-Ming ZHENG, Hong-Cheng ZHANG, Hai-Yan WEI, Yu WANG, An-Ye LIAO, Shi-Bo CAI. Differences in Yield and Grain Quality among Various Types of Indica/japonica Hybrid Rice and Correlation between Quality and Climatic Factors during Grain Filling Period [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2018, 44(10): 1548-1559.
[14] Fu-Xian XU, Xing-Bing ZHOU, Lin ZHANG, Peng JIANG, Mao LIU, Yong-Chuan ZHU, Xiao-Yi GUO, Hong XIONG. Effects of Climatic Factors in the Southeast of Sichuan Basin on Grain Yield of Mid-season Hybrid Rice [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2018, 44(04): 601-613.
[15] ZHANG Zheng,ZHANG Xue-Li,MO Bo-Cheng,Dai Zhi-Jun,HU Zhong-Li,LI Lan-Zhi,ZHENG Xing-Fei. Combining Ability Analysis ofAgronomic Trait in Indica × IndicaHybrid Rice [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2017, 43(10): 1448-1457.
Full text



No Suggested Reading articles found!