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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2017, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (10): 1448-1457.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2017.01448


Combining Ability Analysis ofAgronomic Trait in Indica × IndicaHybrid Rice

ZHANG Zheng1,ZHANG Xue-Li1,MO Bo-Cheng1,Dai Zhi-Jun1,HU Zhong-Li2,LI Lan-Zhi1,*,ZHENG Xing-Fei2,*   

  1. 1Hunan Province Collaborative Innovation Center for the key Agriculture Pest Control, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha 410128, China; 2State Key Laboratory of Hybrid Rice, Wuhan 430072, China
  • Received:2017-01-18 Revised:2017-04-20 Online:2017-10-12 Published:2017-05-08
  • Contact: 李兰芝,E-mail: lancy0829@163.com;郑兴飞,E-mail: xfzh@whu.edu.cn E-mail:AwithC@gmail.com
  • Supported by:

    The study was supported by the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation Funded Project (2012M511722, 2014T70769), the Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province (2016JJ3070), the Scientific Research Fund of Hunan Provincial Education Department (2015118), and Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory for Germplasm Innovation and Utilization of Crop(16KFXM03).


How to effectively use heterosis is the key of improving yield for rice.In present study, under North Carolina design II, 115 elite indicarice varieties, including three-way wild-abortive hybrid restorer line and mini-core collection, were separately crossed with four two-way restorer lines and one three-way sterile line to generate 575 tested crosses, and combining ability, heritability and correlations of nine agronomic traits were analyzed. Except for tillers per plant and filled grains per panicle, the general combining ability (GCA) variances of most agronomic traitswere extremely significant, and except fortillers per plant, the specific combining ability (SCA)variances of other agronomic traits wereextremely significant. The SCA of different traits in the same combination or SCA of same trait in different combinations sharing one parent were different,indicating no consistent relationship between SCA and parental GCA. Therefore, selection of high GCA parental line combining with superior SCAcombinations is the key to obtain high yield hybrid rice.

Key words: Hybrid rice, Three-way wild-abortive type, North Carolina design II, Combining ability, Heterosis

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