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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2014, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (05): 891-898.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2014.00891


Ecological Regionalization of Cotton Fiber Quality Based on GGE Biplot in Yangtze River Valley

XU Nai-Yin,LI Jian   

  1. Institute of Industrial Crops, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences / Key Laboratory of Cotton and Rapeseed, Ministry of Agriculture, Nanjing 210014, China
  • Received:2013-12-02 Revised:2014-02-18 Online:2014-05-12 Published:2014-03-24


Ecological regionalization based on cotton fiber quality can improve raw cotton quality and the machining efficiency. The “environment vs. trait biplot” of GGE biplot software was used to explore the interaction pattern between test environments and cotton fiber quality characters based on datasets collected from the national cotton regional trials in Yangtze River Valley from 2000 to 2012. The results showed that the cotton planting area could be divided into three special fiber quality ecological regions, namely, the “moderate fiber quality ecological region”, the “high fiber length and strength ecological region” and the “low micronaire ecological region”. The moderate fiber quality ecological region was characterized by moderate fiber quality with the best representativeness of the whole region, which covers the major area of cotton planting region in YaRV, including the Jianghan plain and the southeast downland in Hubei Province, Nan-xiang basin across Henan and Hubei Provinces, the west and east regions around Dongting Lake in Hunan Province, the area around Poyang Lake in Jiangxi Province, Jiang-huai plain and along the Yangtze River region in Anhui Province, Ningzhen hilly region and along the Yangtze River region in Jiangsu Province, and also the coastal region in Zhejiang Province. The high fiber length and strength ecological region was characterized by high fiber length, fiber strength, and also micronaire value including the north fertile region around the Dongting Lake. The low micronaire ecological region was characterized by the best micronaire value and average fiber strength performance containing of the most west hilly cotton planting area at relatively high altitude and with earlier mature season in Sichuan Province, and the most east coastal cotton field with higher salt content soil grown weaker cotton plants in Jiangsu Province. This study demonstrated the effectiveness of “environment vs. trait biplot” in the ecological regionalization of cotton fiber quality, provided references for the regionalized cotton production and raw cotton selection strategy for textile industry, and set a good example for the implementation of similar ecological regionalization for cotton in other planting regions and for other crops elsewhere as well.

Key words: Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.), GGE biplot, Cotton fiber quality, Ecological regionalization, Yangtze River Valley (YaRV)

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