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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2014, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (11): 1936-1945.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2014.01936


Identification of Ideal Test Environments for Multiple Traits Selection in Cotton Regional Trials

XU Nai-Yin,LI Jian   

  1. Institute of Industrial Crops, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences / Key Laboratory of Cotton and Rapeseed, Ministry of Agriculture, Nanjing 210014, China?
  • Received:2014-04-16 Revised:2014-09-16 Online:2014-11-12 Published:2014-09-26


Crop breeding needs an integrating selection for the desirable traits. Screening locations with high discriminating ability and typical environments in light of cultivar selection index established by target traits and weights facilitates improving breeding efficiency and saving cost. Cultivar selection index was constructed on the basis of the National Register Criteria for Cotton Variety, namely, SI=0.40´lint cotton yield+0.13´fiber strength+0.09´(fiber length+micronaire value)+0.11´Fusarium wilt+0.09´Verticillium wilt+0.10´harvesting ratio of seed cotton before frost. GGE biplot method was adopted to evaluate the identification, representativeness, and ideal index of cultivar selection index by using 15 locations data from 39 sets of national cotton variety regional trials including 585 trials in the Yangtze River Valley (YaRV) during 2000–2013. The results showed that Huanggang in Hubei Province and Nanjing in Jinagsu province were evaluated as the most desirable trial locations; Jingzhou and Wuhan in Hubei Province and Yancheng in Jiangsu Province were desirable trial locations; while Nanyang in Henan Province, Xiangyang in Hubei Province, Changde in Hunan Province, Janyang and Shehong in Sichuan Province were considered as undesirable locations for cotton cultivar selection. The ideal environments were all located in the Middle and Lower Reaches of YaRV, while the undesirable locations included Jianyang and Shehong in the Sichuan basin in the upper reaches of YaRV, and Nanyang and Xiangyang in Nan-Xiang basin at the northern border of YaRV. Changde in Hunan Province was also considered as undesirable location although it is located in the Middle Reaches of YaRV, probably because of the significantly low plant density used in the farming. In conclusion, this study has established a feasible selection index according to the national cotton registration criteria, and identified desirable test locations for reliable and effective variety evaluation in the area of YaRV. This study sets an example of test location evaluation utilizing historical data for the similar studies in other regions and for other crops.

Key words: Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.), GGE biplot, Multiple traits, Cultivar selection index, Ideal test environment, Yangtze River Valley (YRaV), Regional crop trial

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