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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2015, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (07): 989-997.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2015.00989


Molecular Mapping of a New Yellow Green Leaf Gene YGL9 in Rice (Oryza sativa L.)

ZHANG Tian-Quan**,GUO Shuang**,XING Ya-Di,DU Dan,SANG Xian-Chun,LING Ying-Hua,HE Guang-Hua*   

  1. Rice Research Institute, Chongqing Key Laboratory of Application and Safety Control of Genetically Modified Crops, Southwest University, Chongqing 400716, China
  • Received:2014-12-23 Revised:2015-04-02 Online:2015-07-12 Published:2015-05-15
  • Contact: 何光华,E-mail: hegh@swu.edu.cn E-mail:zhangt_q@163.com


Leaf color mutants are ideal materials in illuminating molecular mechanism of photosynthesis, chlorophyll metabolic pathway and chloroplast development. A novel mutant named yellow green leaf 9 (ygl9) was isolated from the progeny of ethyl methane sulfonate (EMS) treated Jinhui10 (Oryza sativa L. ssp. indica) and displayed yellow-green leaves at the seedling stage while light green at the heading stage. Compared with those of the wild type, the photosynthetic pigments of the ygl9 mutant reduced very significantly before the tillering stages and significantly in the heading stage. However, there was no obvious changing for net photosynthetic rate between the wild type and the mutant. The characteristics of stomata length, stomatal conductance and transpiration rate increased significantly in the ygl9. The observation by transmission electron microscope showed that the ygl9 mutant contained comparable chloroplasts with more osmiophilic granules, fuzzy grana and fewer/looser stroma lamella to the wild type. Genetic analysis suggested that the mutational trait was controlled by a single recessive gene. Using 759 mutational individuals from the F2 generation of Xinong 1A/ygl9, the YGL9 locus was finally mapped on the short arm of chromosome 3 between SSR marker S03-1 and InDel marker Ind03-19 with genetic distances of 0.13 cM and 0.07 cM respectively, and the physical distance was only 63 kb. These results provided a foundation for map-based cloning and functional analysis of YGL9 gene.

Key words: Rice (Oryza sativa L.), Yellow Green Leaf Mutant, Genetic analysis, Gene mapping

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