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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2018, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (01): 137-143.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2018.00137

• RESEARCH NOTES • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Suitable Maturity Period and Accumulated Temperature of Summer Maize in Wheat–maize Double Cropping System

REN Bai-Zhao**, GAO Fei**, WEI Yu-Jun, DONG Shu-Ting, ZHAO Bin, LIU Peng,ZHANG Ji-Wang*   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology / Agronomy College of Shandong Agricultural University, Tai’an 271018, China
  • Received:2017-03-13 Revised:2017-09-10 Online:2018-01-12 Published:2017-09-28
  • Contact: 张吉旺, Tel: 0538-8241485, E-mail: jwzhang@sdau.edu.cn E-mail:renbaizhao@sina.com
  • Supported by:

    This study was supported by the State Key Research and Development Program “Food Production Enhancement and Efficiency Innovation” Key Special Project (SQ2017YFNC050063), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31671629), and the National Modern Agricultural Technology & Industry System (CARS-02-20).


Five summer maize hybrids Zhengdan 958 (ZD958), Xianyu 335 (XY335), Denghai 605 (DH605), Denghai 618 (DH618), and Denghai 661 (DH661) were used with treatments of four seeding dates on 21 May, 31 May, 10 June, and 20 June to explore the accumulated temperature and growth period of summer maize in wheat–maize double cropping system. There was no significant effect of seeding dates on the required accumulated temperature making physiological maturity, which mainly depended on the nature of varieties. DH618, XY335, ZD958, DH605, and DH661 had the growth period of 110, 112, 116, 116, and 121 d, and required accumulated temperature of 2800, 2880, 2945, 2950, and 3025°C d, respectively. In wheat–maize double cropping system, the largest possible growth period was 107120 d (from 15 June to 15 October), the accumulated temperature was about 2800°C d, which was difficult to meet the needs of production for main maize hybrids. The double late-cropping patterns were conducive to increasing grain yield. However, the growth period (about 120 d) of summer maize hybrids planted most popularly was too long to reach full maturity, resulting in serious grain damage when harvest by machinery. In conclusion, at present, the largest possible growth period and accumulated temperature are not possible to satisfy the needs of the production of main maize hybrids in wheat–maize double cropping system, even timely late harvest is still difficult to complete physiological maturity. Therefore, we need early-maturing (growth period ≤ 107 d) and high-yielding summer maize hybrids in the Yellew-Huaihe-Haihe Rivers Plain.

Key words: Summer maize, Growth period, Accumulated temperature

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