Welcome to Acta Agronomica Sinica,

Acta Agron Sin ›› 2018, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (01): 137-143.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2018.00137

• RESEARCH NOTES • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Suitable Maturity Period and Accumulated Temperature of Summer Maize in Wheat–maize Double Cropping System

REN Bai-Zhao**, GAO Fei**, WEI Yu-Jun, DONG Shu-Ting, ZHAO Bin, LIU Peng,ZHANG Ji-Wang*   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology / Agronomy College of Shandong Agricultural University, Tai’an 271018, China
  • Received:2017-03-13 Revised:2017-09-10 Online:2018-01-12 Published:2017-09-28
  • Contact: 张吉旺, Tel: 0538-8241485, E-mail: jwzhang@sdau.edu.cn E-mail:renbaizhao@sina.com
  • Supported by:

    This study was supported by the State Key Research and Development Program “Food Production Enhancement and Efficiency Innovation” Key Special Project (SQ2017YFNC050063), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31671629), and the National Modern Agricultural Technology & Industry System (CARS-02-20).

Abstract:

Five summer maize hybrids Zhengdan 958 (ZD958), Xianyu 335 (XY335), Denghai 605 (DH605), Denghai 618 (DH618), and Denghai 661 (DH661) were used with treatments of four seeding dates on 21 May, 31 May, 10 June, and 20 June to explore the accumulated temperature and growth period of summer maize in wheat–maize double cropping system. There was no significant effect of seeding dates on the required accumulated temperature making physiological maturity, which mainly depended on the nature of varieties. DH618, XY335, ZD958, DH605, and DH661 had the growth period of 110, 112, 116, 116, and 121 d, and required accumulated temperature of 2800, 2880, 2945, 2950, and 3025°C d, respectively. In wheat–maize double cropping system, the largest possible growth period was 107120 d (from 15 June to 15 October), the accumulated temperature was about 2800°C d, which was difficult to meet the needs of production for main maize hybrids. The double late-cropping patterns were conducive to increasing grain yield. However, the growth period (about 120 d) of summer maize hybrids planted most popularly was too long to reach full maturity, resulting in serious grain damage when harvest by machinery. In conclusion, at present, the largest possible growth period and accumulated temperature are not possible to satisfy the needs of the production of main maize hybrids in wheat–maize double cropping system, even timely late harvest is still difficult to complete physiological maturity. Therefore, we need early-maturing (growth period ≤ 107 d) and high-yielding summer maize hybrids in the Yellew-Huaihe-Haihe Rivers Plain.

Key words: Summer maize, Growth period, Accumulated temperature

[1]Loomis R S, Williams W A. Maximum crop productivity: an estimate. Crop Sci, 1963, 3: 67–72 [2]郑洪健, 董树亭, 王空军, 胡昌浩, 郭玉秋, 张吉旺. 生态因素对玉米籽粒发育影响及调控的研究. 玉米科学, 2009, 9(1): 69–73 Zheng H J, Dong S T, Wang K J, Hu C H, Guo Q Y, Zhang J W. Effects of ecological factors on maize (Zea mays L.) yield of different varieties and corresponding regulative measure. J Maize Sci, 2009, 9(1): 69–73 (in Chinese with English abstract) [3]Sun H, Zhang X, Chen S, Pei D, Liu C. Effects of harvest and sowing time on the performance of the rotation of winter wheat-summer maize in the North China Plain. Ind Crop Prod, 2007, 25: 239–247 [4]IPCC WGI AR5. 2013. Working Group I Contribution to the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Summary for Policymakers. Twelfth Session of Working Group I, Cambridge University Press. [5]Winer S R, Musick J T. Wheat planting date effects on soil water extraction and grain yield. Agron J, 1993, 85: 912–916 [6]屈会娟, 李金才, 沈学善, 魏凤珍, 王成雨, 郅胜军. 种植密度和播期对冬小麦品种兰考矮早八干物质和氮素积累与转运的影响. 作物学报, 2009, 35: 124–131 Qu H J, Li J C, Shen X S, Wei F Z, Wang C Y, Zhi S J. Effects of plant density and seeding date on accumulation and translocation of dry matter and nitrogen in winter wheat cultivar Lankao Aizao 8. Acta Agron Sin, 2009, 35: 124–131 (in Chinese with English abstract) [7]付雪丽, 张惠, 贾继增, 杜立丰, 付金东, 赵明. 冬小麦–夏玉米 “双晚” 种植模式的产量形成及资源效率研究. 作物学报, 2009, 35: 1708–1714 Fu X L, Zhang H, Jia J Z, Du L F, Fu J D, Zhao M. Yield performance and resources use efficiency of winter wheat and summer maize in double late-cropping system. Acta Agron Sin, 2009, 35: 1708–1714 (in Chinese with English abstract) [8]朱元刚. 夏玉米冬小麦 “双晚” 种植方式对周年光温资源利用研究. 山东农业大学硕士毕业论文, 山东泰安, 2010 Zhu Y G. Study on Annual Utilization of Solar and Heat Resources of Summer Maize and Winter Wheat in Double Late-cropping Patterns. MS Thesis of Shandong Agricultural University, Tai’an, China, 2010 (in Chinese) [9]孟庆平, 张玉权, 常淑娟, 李桂杰, 李静, 李柏春, 刘凤才. 玉米最佳收获期的主要相关性状研究初探. 玉米科学, 2007, 15(增刊1): 117–118 Meng Q P, Zhang Y Q, Chang S J, Li G J, Li J, Li B C, Liu F C. Research on main traits of corn related to best harvest-time. J Maize Sci, 2007, 15(suppl-1): 117–118 (in Chinese with English abstract) [10]倪长安, 李心平, 刘师多, 师清翔. 机收玉米破损的危害及预防. 农机化研究, 2009, 31(8): 221–224 Ni C A, Li X P, Liu S D, Shi Q X. Hazards and prevention of corn damage in combine harvesters. J Agric Mechanization Res, 2009, 31(8): 221–224 (in Chinese with English abstract) [11]方华, 李青松, 郭玉伟, 马中义, 赵共鹏, 袁文利, 杨青林, 邢占民, 孙阁, 马秀英. 中国玉米品种生育期的研究. 河北农业科学, 2010, 14(4): 1–5 Fang H, Li Q S, Guo Y W, Ma Z Y, Zhao G P, Yuan W L, Yang Q L, Xing Z M, Sun G, Ma X Y. Study on the growth period of maize varieties in China. J Hebei Agric Sci, 2010, 14(4): 1–5 (in Chinese with English abstract) [12]严定春, 朱艳, 曹卫星. 水稻栽培适宜品种选择的知识模型. 南京农业大学学报, 2004, 27(4): 20–25 Yan D C, Zhu Y, Cao W X. A knowledge model for selection of suitable variety in rice production. J Nanjing Agric Univ, 2004, 27(4): 20–25 (in Chinese with English abstract) [13]马雅丽, 王志伟, 栾青, 胡良温, 张爱芝. 玉米产量与生态气候因子的关系. 中国农业气象, 2009, 30: 565–568 Ma Y L, Wang Z W, Luan Q, Hu L W, Zhang A Z. Relation between maize yield and eco-climate factors. Chin J Agrometeorol, 2009, 30: 565–568 (in Chinese with English abstract) [14]董红芬, 李洪, 李爱军, 阎晓光, 赵长明. 玉米播期推迟与生长发育、有效积温关系研究. 玉米科学, 2012, 20(5): 97–101 Dong H F, Li H, Li A J, Yan X G, Zhao C M. Relations between delayed sowing date and growth, effective accumulated temperature of maize. J Maize Sci, 2012, 20(5): 97-101 (in Chinese) [15]李洁, 晋凡生, 张冬梅, 梁改梅, 张小宁. 播期对不同熟期玉米品种生育期及产量的影响. 农学学报, 2016, 6(12): 1–7 Li J, Jin F S, Zhang D M, Liang G M, Zhang X N. Effects of sowing dates on growth stage and yield of maize varieties with different maturity periods. J Agric, 2016, 6(12): 1–7 (in Chinese with English abstract) [16]刘唐兴, 官春云, 雷冬阳. 作物抗倒伏的评价方法研究进展. 中国农学通报, 2007, 23(5): 203–206 Liu T X, Guan C Y, Lei D Y. The research progress on evaluation methods of lodging resistance in crops. Chin Agric Sci Bull, 2007, 23(5): 203–206 (in Chinese with English abstract) [17]Cirilo A G, Andrade F H. Sowing date and maize productivity: I. Crop growth and dry matter partitioning. Crop Sci, 1994, 34: 1039–1043 [18]Cirilo A G, Andrade F H. Sowing date and maize productivity: II. Kernel number determination. Crop Sci, 1994, 34: 1044–1046 [19]徐田军, 吕天放, 赵久然, 王荣换, 陈传永, 刘月娥, 刘秀芝, 王元东. 玉米籽粒灌浆特性对播期的响应. 应用生态学报, 2016, 27: 2513–2519 Xu T J, Lyu T F, Zhao J R, Wang R H, Chen C Y, Liu Y E, Liu X Z, Wang Y D. Response of grain filling characteristics of maize to sowing date. Chin J Appl Ecol, 2016, 27: 2513–2519 (in Chinese with English abstract) [20]于振文. 作物栽培学各论. 北京: 中国农业出版社, 2003 Yu Z W. Crop Cultivation Monographs. Beijing: China Agriculture Press, 2003 (in Chinese)

[1] CHEN Jing, REN Bai-Zhao, ZHAO Bin, LIU Peng, ZHANG Ji-Wang. Regulation of leaf-spraying glycine betaine on yield formation and antioxidation of summer maize sowed in different dates [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1502-1515.
[2] ZHANG Qian, HAN Ben-Gao, ZHANG Bo, SHENG Kai, LI Lan-Tao, WANG Yi-Lun. Reduced application and different combined applications of loss-control urea on summer maize yield and fertilizer efficiency improvement [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(1): 180-192.
[3] LI Jing, WANG Hong-Zhang, LIU Peng, ZHANG Ji-Wang, ZHAO Bin, REN Bai-Zhao. Differences in photosynthetic performance of leaves at post-flowering stage in different cultivation modes of summer maize (Zea mays L.) [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2021, 47(7): 1351-1359.
[4] XU Tian-Jun, LYU Tian-Fang, ZHAO Jiu-Ran, WANG Rong-Huan, ZHANG Yong, CAI Wan-Tao, LIU Yue-E, LIU Xiu-Zhi, CHEN Chuan-Yong, XING Jin-Feng, WANG Yuan-Dong, LIU Chun-Ge. Grain filling characteristics of summer maize varieties under different sowing dates in the Huang-Huai-Hai region [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2021, 47(3): 566-574.
[5] YAN Cai-Xia, WANG Juan, ZHAO Xiao-Bo, SONG Xiu-Xia, JIANG Chang-Song, SUN Quan-Xi, YUAN Cui-Ling, ZHANG Hao, SHAN Shi-Hua. Identification and screening of saline-alkali tolerant peanut cultivars during whole growth stage [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2021, 47(3): 556-565.
[6] CHEN Chang-Qing, LI Wei-Wei, ZHU Xiang-Cheng, LIU Jing, LI Gang-Hua, XU Ke, JIANG Yu, DING Yan-Feng. Adaption of rice-wheat cropping system to climate warming in Jianghuai area [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2021, 47(11): 2250-2257.
[7] ZHOU Bao-Yuan, GE Jun-Zhu, SUN Xue-Fang, HAN Yu-Ling, MA Wei, DING Zai-Song, LI Cong-Feng, ZHAO Ming. Research advance on optimizing annual distribution of solar and heat resources for double cropping system in the Yellow-Huaihe-Haihe Rivers plain [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2021, 47(10): 1843-1853.
[8] TIAN Jing-Shan, ZHANG Xu-Yi, WANG Wen-Min, YANG Yan-Long, SUI Long-Long, ZHANG Peng-Peng, ZHANG Ya-Li, ZHANG Wang-Feng, GOU Ling. A method of defoliant application based on fiber damage and boll growth period of machine-harvested cotton [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2020, 46(9): 1388-1397.
[9] MA Zheng-Bo, DONG Xue-Rui, TANG Hui-Hui, YAN Peng, LU Lin, WANG Qing-Yan, FANG Meng-Ying, WANG Qi, DONG Zhi-Qiang. Effect of tetramethyl glutaric acid on summer maize photosynthesis characteristics [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2020, 46(10): 1617-1627.
[10] CHEN Xiao-Ying,LIU Peng,CHENG Yi,DONG Shu-Ting,ZHANG Ji-Wang,ZHAO Bin,REN Bai-Zhao,HAN Kun. The root-layer regulation based on the depth of phosphate fertilizer application of summer maize improves soil nitrogen absorption and utilization [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2020, 46(02): 238-248.
[11] WAN Ze-Hua,REN Bai-Zhao,ZHAO Bin,LIU Peng,ZHANG Ji-Wang. Grain filling, dehydration characteristics and changes of endogenous hormones of summer maize hybrids differing in maturities [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2019, 45(9): 1446-1453.
[12] ZHOU Bao-Yuan,MA Wei,SUN Xue-Fang,DING Zai-Song,LI Cong-Feng,ZHAO Ming. Characteristics of annual climate resource distribution and utilization in high-yielding winter wheat-summer maize double cropping system [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2019, 45(4): 589-600.
[13] Chao GAO,Xue-Wen LI,Yan-Wei SUN,Ting ZHOU,Gang LUO,Cai CHEN. Spatiotemporal characteristics of water requirement and agricultural drought during summer maize season in Huaihe River Basin [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2019, 45(2): 297-309.
[14] SUN Xian-Jun,JIANG Qi-Yan,HU Zheng,ZHANG Hui-Yuan,XU Chang-Bing,DI Yi-Huan,HAN Long-Zhi,ZHANG Hui. Screening and identification of salt-tolerant rice germplasm in whole growth period [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2019, 45(11): 1656-1663.
[15] WANG Hong-Zhang,LIU Peng,JIA Xu-Cun,LI Jing,REN Hao,DONG Shu-Ting,ZHANG Ji-Wang,ZHAO Bin. Analysis of differences in summer maize yield and fertilizer use efficiency under different cultivation managements [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2019, 45(10): 1544-1553.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
No Suggested Reading articles found!