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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2012, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (12): 2237-2245.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2012.02237


Functional and Structural Model for Above-Ground Growth in Cotton

CHEN Chao1,2,PAN Xue-Biao1,*,ZHANG Li-Zhen1,PANG Yan-Mei1,3   

  1. 1 College of Resources and Environment, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China; 2 Sichuan Climate Center, Chengdu 610072, China; 3 Beijing Mentougou Meteorological Administration, Beijing 102308, China
  • Received:2012-02-13 Revised:2012-09-05 Online:2012-12-12 Published:2012-10-08
  • Contact: 潘学标, E-mail: panxb@cau.edu.cn


Three-year experiments with different planting densities were conducted in Anyang, Henan Provence of China. The development and morphogenesis module of COTGROW model was improved based on the allometry relationship between biomass and morphology, which was used to construct cotton model for above-ground organs. The morphology model included several sub-models, such as stem, leaf, petiole, boll, and so on. A visual cotton growth process was displayed through linking the COTGROW and the GroIMP models, thus, the cotton canopy light interception was simulated. The results showed that the dynamic change of each organ size could be characterized by relationship between biomass and morphology based on cotton above-ground organs model of COTGROW. The model was validated by independent experiments in 2010. The root mean squared error (RMSE) between the measured and simulated values for morphological parameters were 3.85, 0.64, 0.52, 0.66, 1.00, 0.15, 1.58, 2.39, 2.54, 0.05, 0.13, and 0.10 cm for plant height, nodes on main stem, the number of fruiting branches, nodes on different fruiting branches, internode length, internode diameter, leaf length, leaf width, petiole length, petiole diameter, boll length and boll diameter, respectively. Various 3D morphology of cotton plant in different environmental conditions and different plant densities was shown, and light interception of canopy also well simulated. Functional and structural model for above-ground organs in cotton could be used to simulate cotton morphological characteristics and display the real growth process of organs and plant, which provides a technical basis for virtual farming.

Key words: Cotton, COTGROW model, GroIMP, Functional and structural model

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