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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2009, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (5): 821-830.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2009.00821


QTL Analysis of Yield,Yield Components and Lodging in Soybean

ZHOU Rong12,CHEN Hai-Feng2,WANG Xian-Zhi2,ZHANG Xiao-JUan2,SHAN Zhi-Hui2,WU Xue-Jun2,CAI Shu-Ping2,QIU De-Zhen2,ZHOUXin-An2*,WU Jiang-Sheng1   

  1. 1College of Plant Science and Technology,Huazhong Agricultural University,Wuhan430070,China;2Oil Crops Research Institute of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Wuhan 430062,China
  • Received:2008-08-28 Revised:2009-02-17 Online:2009-05-12 Published:2009-03-23


High-yield and stable-yield is the main goal of soybean breeding, but yield is a complex quantitative trait, which is very vulnerable to the environment. A total of 165 plants of recombinant inbred lines (RILs) derived from a cross between Zhongdou 29 and Zhongdou 32 were used to analyze the relationship of individual yield, yield components, lodging and the genetic effect, and to map the QTLs in two years. Thirty-eight QTLs for yield, seed and pod traits, and lodging related traits were detected by composite interval mapping (CIM) method, the majority of which were located on C2, F and I linkage groups. The QTL (qLD-15-1) for lodging on F linkage group was detected in both years, explaining over 20% of phenotypic variation, with the same or adjacent marker intervals to the QTLs for 100-seed weight and pods on branch, showing some correlation between yield related traits and lodging. On I linkage group, the QTLs for yield components of seeds per pod, two-seed-pods, three-seed-pods, and four-seed-pods were detected on the same position in two years, explaining 32–65% of phenotypic variation. The positive alleles of QTLs for seeds per pod, four-seed-pods, two-seed-pods and three-seed-pods were from different parents. The four QTLs for seed and pod traits mapped on the same position, which was consistent with the correlation analysis result of phenotypic traits, showing that the regulatory mechanisms of the four traits for seed and pod were different, which may provide an important basis for promotion of soybean yield by improving seed and pod traits.

Key words: Soybean, Yield, Yield components, Seed and pod traits, Lodging, QTL analysis

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