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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2009, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (6): 967-973.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2009.00967


Breeding and Field Performance of Novel Soft and Waxy Transgenic Rice Lines without Selectable Markers

YU Heng-Xiu1,LIU Qiao-Quan1*,XU Li12,LU Mei-Fang1,CAI Xiu-Lin3,GONG Zhi-Yun1,Yi Chuan-Deng1,WANG Zong-Yang3,GU Ming-Hong1*   

  1. 1Key Laboratory of Plant Functional Genomics of Ministry of Education/Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Physiology of Jiangsu Province,Yangzhou University,Yangzhou 225009,China;2Shanghai SIIC Modern Agricultural Development Co., LTD., Shanghai 202183,China;3 Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology,Shanghai Institute of Biological Sciences,Chineas Academy of Science,Shanghai 200032,China
  • Received:2008-12-03 Revised:2009-02-17 Online:2009-06-12 Published:2009-04-16
  • Contact: LIU Qiao-Quan,E-mail:qqliu@yzu.edu.cn;GU Ming-Hong,gumh@yzu.edu.cn;Tel:0514-87979304


Amylose content is one of the important factors affecting rice cooking and eating quality, and controlled by the Waxy (Wx) gene which encoding a granule-bound starch synthase. High amylose levels are usually associated with poor cooking and eating quality. In our prevrious studies, in order to generate transgenic rice varieties with improved quality and without of the selectable marker, the antisense Wx gene was co-transformed together with a selectable marker gene, the hygromycin-resistant gene (HPT), to a high-yielding japonica rice cultivar, Wuxiangjing 9, mediated with Agrobacterium tumeficien. And some selectable marker-free (SMF) transgenic lines had been subsequently selected. In present study, several homozygous transgenic lines with soft or waxy grain property were selected from the offspring of these SMF transformants containing the antisense Wx gene. The results from Northern blot analysis indicated that the levels of both the Wx mature mRNA and unspliced transcripts were reduced differently in the endosperm of different transgenic lines. The Wx protein level in mature seeds of the transgenic lines was also reduced differently. The amylose content of two transgenic lines was reduced to that of soft rice (about 10%) and one line was reduced to that of waxy rice (lower than 2%). The gel consistency of these transgenic lines was softer than that of the wild type. The variance of gelatination temperature between the transgenic lines and the wild type did not reach to significant level. The most of the main agronomic traits of these transgenic lines were similar to that of the wild type. Therefore, three SMF transgenic homozygous lines with improved quality were successfully bred.

Key words: Transgenic rice, Antisense Wx gene, Soft rice,waxy rice, Selectable marker-free

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