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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2010, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (1): 9-16.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2010.00009


Specific Loci in Genome of Wheat Milestone Parent Bima 4 and Their Transmission in Derivatives

YUAN Yuan-Yuan,WANG Qing-Zhuan,CUI Fa,ZHANG Jing-Tao,DU Bin,WANG Hong-Gang   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology,Shandong Agricultural University/Tai'an Subcenter of National Wheat Improvement Center/Agronomy College of Shandong Agricultural University,Tai'an 271018,China
  • Received:2009-08-05 Revised:2009-10-07 Online:2010-01-12 Published:2009-11-17
  • Contact: WANG Hong-Gang, E-mail: hgwang@sdau.edu.cn


Bima 4 is one of the most important milestone parents in China. The objective of this study was to reveal the genetic structure of Bima 4 and the transmission of its specific loci in descendents using molecular markers. A total of 1239 SSR, EST-SSR and STS markers covering the whole genome of wheat were screened with the four parents of the first progeny of Bima 4, i.e., Bima 4, Early Piemium, Jubileina 2, and Ckopocneлka JI-1. Thirty-three markers were effective to trace the specific loci of Bima 4 in the progenies. Seventy-six derivatives of Bima 4 were genotyped with the 33 markers. In the first and the second generations of Bima 4 derivatives, 32 markers, except for Xgwm577, could amplify the specific bands of Bima 4. The inheritable frequency of the specific loci were 7.1–92.6% in the first generation and 2.9–80.0% in the second generation, of which eight and ten loci showed the transmission percentage larger than 50.0% in the first and the second generations, respectively. In the third and the fourth generations, twenty-nine and twenty specific markers were observed, eight and four loci had the transmission rate higher than 50.0%, respectively. Among the specific loci, Xgwm261, Xedm80, SWES222, and CFE223 possessed the inheritable frequency higher than 50% in all four generations. Another 18 loci of Bima 4 were detected in the progenies with genetic contribution ratio higher than 25%. This indicates that some desirable traits, such as yield, grain quality, disease resistance, and adaptability might be associated with these loci or the nearby chromosome regions in Bima 4, and intensively selected in breeding programs. The important loci detected in this study provide the information for understanding the genetic basis of Bima 4 as a milestone parent in wheat breeding.

Key words: Bima 4, Milestone parent, Pedigrees, Specific locus, Molecular marker

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