Welcome to Acta Agronomica Sinica,

Acta Agron Sin ›› 2010, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (10): 1707-1714.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2010.01707


Effects of Sowing Date on Accumulation and Distribution of Biomass and Nitrogen in Cotton Bolls

ZHAO Xin-Hua12,SHU  Hong-Mei13,WANG  You-Hua1,CHEN  Bing-Lin1,ZHOU  Zhi-Guo1*   

  1. 1Key Laboratory of Crop Growth regulation,Ministry of Agriculture,Nanjing Agricultural University,Nanjing 210095,China;2 Cotton Research Institute,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science,Anyang 455112,China;3Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology,Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Nanjing 210014,China
  • Received:2010-04-21 Revised:2010-06-28 Online:2010-10-12 Published:2010-08-10
  • Contact: ZHOU Zhi-Guo,E-mail:giscott@njau.edu.cn,Tel:025-84396813

Abstract: Cotton has an indeterminate growth habit, the duration of growth, particularly cotton boll development period, is restricted by environmental condition. To investigate the response of the accumulation and distribution of biomass and nitrogen in cotton bolls to environmental condition and its relationship with fiber and seed quality characteristics, we carried out field experiments in Xuzhou (117°11′E, 34°15′N) and Anyang (114°13′E, 36°04′N). Using two cotton cultivars, Kemian 1 and NuCOTN, grown in the field with two sowing dates (25-Apr and 25-May) treatments. The results showed that, mean daily temperature during boll development stage in the middle fruiting branch position for the normal sowing date (25-Apr) treatment in the two sites was 24.8℃ and 24.1℃ respectively, while only 20.8℃ and 19.4℃ for the late sowing date (25-May) treatment. And when mean daily temperature was lower than 20.8℃cotton shell biomass increased while its nitrogen accumulation amount decreased in the late sowing date treatment. And for the biomass and nitrogen accumulation in fiber and cotton seed development, the start time of the rapid accumulation stage was later, the maximal rate was lower and its emergence time was later, resulting in the decrease of biomass and nitrogen accumulation amount. The maximal rate of nitrogen accumulation appeared earlier than that of biomass accumulation in fiber and that was opposite in cotton seed development. Under low temperature, biomass and nitrogen distribution indices increased in cotton shell while decreased in cotton seed, and no significant changes for nitrogen distribution indices in fiber. Boll weight, fiber strength and seed protein/oil content were also decreased in lower temperature condition. These results indicated that low temperature condition (mean daily temperature below 20.8℃) inhibits the transportation of nitrogen and photosyntheates products from plants to bolls (shell, seed and fiber), which decreases the accumulation amount of biomass and nitrogen in seed and fiber, leading to the reduction of their qualities.

Key words: Cotton boll, Sowing date, Mean daily temperature during boll development stage, Biomass, Nitrogen accumulation amount, Cotton boll quality

[1]Huang J-Q(黄骏麒). China Cotton Farming (中国棉作学). Beijing: China Agricultural Sci & Tech Press, 1998. pp 237–239 (in Chinese)
[2]Liu Y-X(刘毓湘). Contemporary World Cotton (当代世界棉业). Beijing: China Agriculture Press, 1995. pp 257–266 (in Chinese)
[3]Leffler H R. Development of cotton fruit accumulation and distribution of dry matter. Agron J, 1976, 68: 855–857
[4]Chen B-L(陈兵林), Cao W-X(曹卫星), Zhou Z-G(周治国). Simulation and validation of dry matter accumulation and distribution of cotton bolls at different flowering stages. Sci Agric Sin (中国农业科学), 2006, 39(3): 487–493 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[5]Zhou K-J(周可金), Jiang H-W(江厚旺), Wu N(吴宁), Zhang W(张韪), Xia J(夏静), Li A-Q(李爱青). Studies on the dynamics of dry matter accumulation of cotton boll at different flower stages. Cotton Sci (棉花学报), 1996, 8(3): 145–150 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[6]Shan S-H(单世华), Sun X-Z(孙学振), Zhou Z-G(周治国), Shi P(施培). The effect of temperature on the dynamic changes of cotton fiber dry matter accumulation. J Shandong Agric Univ (Nat Sci)(山东农业大学学报·自然科学版), 2001, 32(1): 6–10 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[7]Hu H-B(胡宏标), Zhang W-J(张文静), Chen B-L(陈兵林), Wang Y-H(王友华), Shu H-M(束红梅), Zhou Z-G(周治国). Variability of C/N ratio in cotton boll subtending leaf and its relationship to cotton boll dry matter accumulation and distribution. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2008, 34(2): 254–260 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[8]Ma R-H(马溶慧), Xu N-Y(许乃银), Zhang C-X(张传喜), Li W-F(李文峰), Feng Y(冯营), Wang Y-H(王友华), Zhou Z-G(周治国), Meng Y-L(孟亚利). Effects of nitrogen rates on dry matter accumulation and distribution of bolls and fiber quality characteristics in cotton. Cotton Sci (棉花学报), 2009, 21(2): 115–120 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[9]Shan S-H(单世华), Sun X-Z(孙学振), Zhou Z-G(周治国), Shi P(施培). Temperature effects on fiber quality of cotton. Acta   Agric Boreali Sin (华北农学报), 2000, 15(4): 120–125 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[10]Shu H-M(束红梅), Zhao X-H(赵新华), Zhou Z-G(周治国), Zheng M(郑密), Wang Y-H(王友华). Physiological mechanisms of variation in temperature-sensitivity of cotton fiber strength formation between two cotton cultivars. Sci Agric Sin (中国农业科学), 2009, 42(7): 2332–2341 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[11]Haigler C H, Rao N R, Roberts E M, Huang J Y, Upchurch D R, Trolinder N L. Cultured ovules as models for cotton fiber deve-  lopment under low temperatures. Plant Physiol, 1991, 95: 88–96
[12]Li W-F(李文峰), Meng Y-L(孟亚利), Chen B-L(陈兵林), Wang Y-H(王友华), Zhou Z-G(周治国). Effects of climatic factors on fat and total protein contents in cottonseeds. Acta Ecolog Sin (生态学报), 2009, 29(4): 1832–1839 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[13]Jiang G-H(蒋光华), Meng Y-L(孟亚利), Chen B-L(陈兵林), Bian H-Y(卞海云), Zhou Z-G(周治国). Effects of low temperature on physiological mechanisms of cotton fiber strength forming process. J Plant Ecol (植物生态学报), 2006, 30(2): 335–343 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[14]Shu H, Zhou Z, Xu N, Wang Y, Zheng M. Sucrose metabolism in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) fibre under low temperature during fibre development. Eur J Agron, 2009, 31: 61–68
[15]Zhou Z-G(周治国), Xu Y-Z(许玉璋), Xu X(许萱). Effects of temperature upon the development of cotton seeds. Acta Univ Agric Boreali-Occident (西北农业大学学报), 1992, 20(2): 73–78 (in Chinese with English abstract)
[16]Li W, Meng Y, Xu N, Zhou Z, Fok M. Modeling boll maturation period, seed growth, protein, and oil content of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) in China. Field Crops Res, 2009, 112: 131–140
[17]Feil B, Moser S B, Jampatong S, Stamp P. Mineral composition of the grains of tropical maize varieties as affected by pre-anthesis drought and rate of nitrogen fertilization. Crop Sci, 2005, 45: 516–523
[18]Luque de Castro M D, Garcia-ayuso L E. Soxhlet extraction of solid materials: an outdated technique with a promising innovative future. Anal Chimica Acta, 1998, 369: 1–10
[19]Dong H Z, Li W J, Tang W, Li Z, Zhang D M, Niu Y H. Yield, quality and leaf senescence of cotton grown at varying sowing dates and plant densities in the Yellow River Valley of China. Field Crops Res, 2006, 98: 106–115
[1] WANG Wang-Nian, GE Jun-Zhu, YANG Hai-Chang, YIN Fa-Ting, HUANG Tai-Li, KUAI Jie, WANG Jing, WANG Bo, ZHOU Guang-Sheng, FU Ting-Dong. Adaptation of feed crops to saline-alkali soil stress and effect of improving saline-alkali soil [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1451-1462.
[2] QIN Lu, HAN Pei-Pei, CHANG Hai-Bin, GU Chi-Ming, HUANG Wei, LI Yin-Shui, LIAO Xiang-Sheng, XIE Li-Hua, LIAO Xing. Screening of rapeseed germplasms with low nitrogen tolerance and the evaluation of its potential application as green manure [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1488-1501.
[3] LI Xin-Ge, GAO Yang, LIU Xiao-Jun, TIAN Yong-Chao, ZHU Yan, CAO Wei-Xing, CAO Qiang. Effects of sowing dates, sowing rates, and nitrogen rates on growth and spectral indices in winter wheat [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(4): 975-987.
[4] ZHANG Jia-Kang, LI Fei, SHI Shu-De, YANG Hai-Bo. Construction and application of the critical nitrogen concentration dilution model of sugar beet in Inner Mongolia, China [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(2): 488-496.
[5] ZHANG Jian, XIE Tian-Jin, WEI Xiao-Nan, WANG Zong-Kai, LIU Chong-Tao, ZHOU Guang-Sheng, WANG Bo. Estimation of feed rapeseed biomass based on multi-angle oblique imaging technique of unmanned aerial vehicle [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2021, 47(9): 1816-1823.
[6] LI Bo, ZHANG Chi, ZENG Yu-Ling, LI Qiu-Ping, REN Hong-Chao, LU Hui, YANG Fan, CEHN Hong, WANG Li, CHEN Yong, REN Wan-Jun, DENG Fei. Effects of sowing date on eating quality of indica hybrid rice in Sichuan Basin [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2021, 47(7): 1360-1371.
[7] DONG Ming-Hui, CHEN Pei-Feng, JIANG Yi, CAO Peng-Hui, SONG Yun-Sheng, GU Jun-Rong, XIE Yu-Lin, QIAO Zhong-Ying, ZHANG Wen-Di, HUANG Li-Fen. Response of yield of different growth types of japonica rice varieties to climatic factors at different sowing dates in Taihu region of Jiangsu province [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2021, 47(5): 952-963.
[8] WEI Huan-He, ZHANG Xu-Bin, GE Jia-Lin, MENG Tian-Yao, LU Yu, LI Xin-Yue, TAO Yuan, DING En-Hao, CHEN Ying-Long, DAI Qi-Gen. Dynamics in above-ground biomass accumulation after transplanting and its characteristic analysis in Yongyou japonica/indica hybrids [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2021, 47(3): 546-555.
[9] XU Tian-Jun, LYU Tian-Fang, ZHAO Jiu-Ran, WANG Rong-Huan, ZHANG Yong, CAI Wan-Tao, LIU Yue-E, LIU Xiu-Zhi, CHEN Chuan-Yong, XING Jin-Feng, WANG Yuan-Dong, LIU Chun-Ge. Grain filling characteristics of summer maize varieties under different sowing dates in the Huang-Huai-Hai region [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2021, 47(3): 566-574.
[10] ZHONG Xiao-Yuan, DENG Fei, CHEN Duo, TIAN Qing-Lan, ZHAO Min, WANG Li, TAO You-Feng, REN Wan-Jun. Effects of sowing date on the numbers of branches and spikelets per panicle of machine-transplanted indica hybrid rice at different tiller positions [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2021, 47(10): 2012-2027.
[11] CHEN Tian-Ye, YUAN Jia-Qi, LIU Yan-Yang, XU Ke, GUO Bao-Wei, DAI Qi-Gen, HUO Zhong-Yang, ZHANG Hong-Cheng, LI Guo-Hui, WEI Hai-Yan. Effects of different sowing dates on crop yield, quality, and annual light-temperature resources utilization for rice-wheat double cropping system in the lower reaches of the Yangtze-Huaihe Rivers valley [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2020, 46(10): 1566-1578.
[12] ZHANG Chi, HE Lian-Hua, LIAO Shuang, GAO Yun-Tian, ZHU Shi-Lin, LI Bo, ZHOU Wei, CHEN Yong, HU Jian-Feng, XIANG Zu-Fen, REN Wan-Jun. Effect of sowing date on daily yield of mechanical indica hybrid rice under different ecological conditions [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2020, 46(10): 1579-1590.
[13] YAN Qing-Qing,ZHANG Ju-Song,DAI Jian-Min,DOU Qiao-Qiao. Effects of glycinebetain on photosynthesis and biomass accumulation of island cotton seedlings under saline alkali stress [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2019, 45(7): 1128-1135.
[14] Yue-E LIU,Tian-Fang LYU,Jiu-Ran ZHAO,Rong-Huan WANG,Tian-Jun XU,Chuan-Yong CHEN,Yi-Tian ZHANG,Yuan-Dong WANG,Xiu-Zhi LIU. Silking duration characteristics in different maize hybrids and its response to sowing date [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2019, 45(2): 310-315.
[15] RU Xiao-Ya,LI Guang,CHEN Guo-Peng,ZHANG Tong-Shuai,YAN Li-Juan. Regulation effects of water and nitrogen on wheat yield and biomass in different precipitation years [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2019, 45(11): 1725-1734.
Full text



No Suggested Reading articles found!