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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2012, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (04): 665-674.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2012.00665

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Comparison of Evaluation Methods for Drought-resistance at Soybean Adult Stage

QI Xu-Sheng1,**,LIU Zhang-Xiong2,**,GUAN Rong-Xia2,**,WANG Xing-Rong1,GOU Zuo-Wang1,CHANG Ru-Zhen2,QIU Li-Juan2,*   

  1. 1 Institute of Crop Sciences, Gansu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lanzhou 730070, China; 2 Institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2011-04-27 Revised:2011-12-19 Online:2012-04-12 Published:2012-02-13
  • Contact: 邱丽娟, E-mail: qiu_lijuan@263.net

Abstract: Drought is a very important abiotic stress for soybean production in China. A number of methods have been used to evaluate drought tolerance of soybean. In this study, 77 soybean varieties with Jindou 21 as the controlwere planted under drought stress and normal irrigationin Dunhuang City, Gansu, where the annual rainfall is less than 40 mm. The identification criterions for drought-resistance wereselected fromeightyield-related agronomic traits, and different evaluation methods were compared by simple correlation, spearman correlation, stepwise regression and gray correlation.The result showed that the evaluation method of drought resistance coefficient had the same effect as that of index of damage and drought resistance index. The comprehensive evaluation methods based on biomass, grain number per plant and pod number per plant had no advantages than the direct evaluation method based on yield. Drought resistance rather than high yield could be selected by traditional drought resistance coefficient method. The soybean varieties with drought resistance and stable yield under both drought and normal conditions could be selected using the improved drought resistance index created in this study, such as Xudou 12, Zhongzuo 00-683, and Zhonghuang 24, which would be elite soybean germplasm for soybean production in dry area. We might select drought resistant soybean germplasm with different ecotypes by dividing varieties with different growing periods. This study provided a theoretical basis for evaluating drought resistant soybean germplasm and for establishing the “standard evaluation system for drought resistant soybean”.

Key words: Soybean, Adult stage, Drought resistance, Identification criterion, Evaluation method

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