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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2012, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (05): 800-807.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2012.00800


Variation and Correlation Analysis of Hay Forage Quality Traits of Foxtail Millet (Setaria italica L.)

ZHI Hui1, NIU Zhen-Gang1,3, JIA Guan-Qing1, CHAI Yang1, LI Wei2, WANG Yong-Fang2, LI Hai-Quan2, LU Ping1, BAI Su-Lan3,DIAO Xian-Min1,*   

  1. 1 Institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China; 2 Institute of Millet Crops, Hebei Academy of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences, Shijiazhuang 050031, China; 3 College of Life Sciences, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100037, China
  • Received:2011-10-25 Revised:2012-01-19 Online:2012-05-12 Published:2012-03-05
  • Contact: 刁现民, E-mail: xmdiao@yahoo.com.cn

Abstract: Lack of information about hay forage quality of foxtail millet inbred lines has limited the development of foxtail millet as a forage crop. In this study, forty-seven foxtail millet landraces and improved cultivars were planted in north featured area of China for forage quality identification, frequency distributions of eight quality-related traits were characterized and outstanding lines were screened based on these results. For all the forty-seven accessions, rang of crude protein (CP) content was 5.42%–12.45%, with a CV of 14.25; rang of crude fat (CFa) content was 0.64%–1.43%, with a CV of 15.84; rang of crude ash (CA) content was 8.5%–15.6%, with a CV of 13.71; rang of total phosphorus (TP) content was 0.10%–0.32%, with a CV of 20; range of calcium (Ca) content was 0.27%–0.67%, with a CV of 20. Crude fiber (CF) content, nitrogen free extract (NFE) content and moisture (MC) content had a lower CV. According to our comprehensive analysis on these data, four lines Li05-569, Esilv, Xi295 and Honggengu were selected as the candidates for forage variety breeding of foxtail millet in the future

Key words: Foxtail millet, Hay forage, Crude protein, Crude fiber

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