Welcome to Acta Agronomica Sinica,

Acta Agron Sin ›› 2013, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (08): 1478-1490.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2013.01478


Effects of Nitrogen Application on Accumulation and Distribution of Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium of Summer Maize under Super-High Yield Conditions

JING Li-Quan1,ZHAO Fu-Cheng1,2,WANG De-Cheng1,YUAN Jian-Hua2,LU Da-Lei1,LU Wei-Ping1,*   

  1. 1Agronomy College of Yangzhou / Key Laboratory of Crop Physiology, Ecology and Cultivation in Middle and Lower Reaches of Yangtze River of Ministry of Agriculture / Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Physiology of Jiangsu Province, Yangzhou 225009, China;2 Dongyang Institute of Maize Research, Dongyang 322100, China; 3 Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Nanjing 210014, China
  • Received:2012-11-15 Revised:2013-04-22 Online:2013-08-12 Published:2013-05-22
  • Contact: 陆卫平, E-mail: wplu@yzu.edu.cn, Tel: 0514-87979377


Establishing a high quality population is an important prerequisite to achieve high grain yield. Nitrogen (N) application is one of the most important practices in maize (Zea mays L.) production and plays a critical role in regulating population quality. To explore the effects of N application on accumulation and distribution of N, phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) of summer maize under the conditions of super-high yield (≥13 500 kg ha-1), we planted two maize cultivars (Suyu 20 and Xundan 20), wtih different N application levels across three years, and the highest grain yield reached to14 753 kg ha-1. The results showed that in the growth process, N, P, K accumulation increased gradually in the plants and grains of Suyu 20 and Xundan 20, and showed a curvilinear change in leaves, stems and sheatheswith a peak value at trumpeting stage and anthesis stage, respectively. The increasing of N accumulation and transfer rate in leaves at filling stage promoted the N and P accumulation of grain at mature stage, leading to super-high yield groups. In Suyu 20, yield, grain production per kg N, N agronomy efficiency, N utilization efficiency, N, P, K content in leaves, stems and sheathes were the highest at 450 kg ha-1 which were 14 753 kg ha-1, 44.0 kg, 19.24%, 38.63%, 335.4 kg ha-1, 178.2 kg ha-1, 230.7 kg ha-1, respectively. But N, P, K accumulation and yield decreased when N application level was too high or too low. According to the regression equations between N application rate and yield of two varieties, for Xundan 20 the optimal N amount was 457.0 kg ha-1, the range of optimum N was 418.5-495.4 kg ha-1, 418.3-495.7 kg ha-1 for super-high yield groups; and for Xundan 20, the optimal N was 452.7 kg ha-1, the range of optimum N was 410.8-494.6 kg ha-1

Key words: Maize, Nitrogen Application, Super-high yield, NPN, Accumulation and distribution

[1]Han C-F(韩长赋). The analysis of maize. Issues Agric Econ (农业经济问题), 2012, (4): 4–8

[2]Chen G-P(陈国平), Gao J-L(高聚林), Zhao M(赵明), Dong S-T(董树亭), Li S-K(李少昆), Yang Q-F(杨祁峰), Liu Y-H(刘永红), Wang L-C(王立春), Xue J-Q(薛吉全), Liu J-G(柳京国), Li C-H(李潮海), Wang Y-H(王永宏), Wang Y-D(王友德), Song H-X(宋慧欣), Zhao J-Y(赵久然). Distribution, yield structure, and key cultural techniques of maize super-high yield plots in recent years. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2012, 38(1): 80–85 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[3]Zhao J-R(赵久然), Wang R-H(王荣焕). Factors promoting the steady increase of american maize production and their enlightenments for china. J Maize Sci (玉米科学), 2009, 17(5): 156–159 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[4]Tong P-Y(佟屏亚). Discussion about “super maize”, “super-high yield”. J Maize Sci (玉米科学), 2006, 14(1): 168–170 (in Chinese)

[5]Li C-H(李潮海), Su X-H(苏新宏), Xie R-Z(谢瑞芝), Zhou S-M(周苏玫), Li D-H(李登海). Study on relationship between grain-yield of summer corn and climatic ecological condition under super-high-yield cultivation. Sci Agric Sin (中国农业科学), 2001, 34(3): 311–316 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[6]Yang J-S(杨今胜), Wang Y-J(王永军), Zhang J-W(张吉旺), Liu P(刘鹏), Li C-F(李从锋), Zhu Y-G(朱元刚), Hao M-B(郝梦波), Liu J-G(柳京国), Li D-H(李登海), Dong S-T(董树亭). Dry matter production and photosynthesis characteristics of three hybrids of maize (Zea mays L.) with super-high-yielding potential. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2011, 37(2): 355–361 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[7]Yang J-S(杨吉顺), Gao H-Y (高辉远), Liu P (刘鹏), Li G (李耕), Dong S-T(董树亭), Zhang J-W (张吉旺), Wang J-F(王敬锋). Effects of planting density and row spacing on canopy apparent photosynthesis of high-yield summer corn. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2010, 36(7): 1226–1233 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[8]Xue J-Q(薛吉全), Zhang R-H(张仁和), Ma G-S(马国胜), Lu H-D(路海东), Zhang X-H(张兴华), Li F-Y(李凤艳), Hao Y-C(郝引川), Tai S-J(邰书静). Effects of plant density, nitrogen application, and water stress on yield formation of maize. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2010, 36(6): 1022–1029 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[9]Wang Y-L(王宜伦), Li C-H(李潮海), Tan J-F(谭金芳), Zhang X(张许), Liu T-X(刘天学). Effect of postponing N application on yield, nitrogen absorption and utilization in super-high-yield summer maize. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2011, 37(2): 339–347 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[10]Lü P(吕鹏), Zhang J-W(张吉旺), Liu W(刘伟), Yang J-S(杨今胜), Su K(苏凯), Liu P(刘鹏), Dong S-T(董树亭), Li D-H(李登海). Effects of nitrogen application on yield and nitrogen use efficiency of summer maize under super-high yield conditions. Plant Nutr Fert Sci (植物营养与肥料学报), 2011, 17(4): 852–860 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[11][Wang Y-J(王永军). Study on Population Quality and Individual Physiology Function of Super High-Yielding Maize. PhD Dissertation of Shandong Agricultural University, 2008 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[12]Wang Y L, Liu T X, Tan J F, Zhang X, Li C H. Effect of N fertilization on yield, N absorption and utilization of two species of super high-yielding summer maize. Agric Sci Technol, 2012,13: 339–342

[13]Qi W-Z(齐文增), Liu H-H(刘惠惠), Li G (李耕), Shao L-J(邵立杰), Wang F-F(王飞飞), Liu P(刘鹏), Dong S-T(董树亭), Zhang J-W(张吉旺), Zhao B(赵斌). Temporal and spatial distribution characteristics of super-high-yield summer maize root. Plant Nutr Fert Sci (植物营养与肥料学报), 2012, 18(1): 69–76 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[14]Yang H-S(杨恒山), Zhang Y-Q(张玉芹), Xu S-J(徐寿军), Gao J-L(高聚林), Wang Z-G(王志刚). Characteristics of dry matter and nutrient accumulation and translocation of super-high-yield spring maize. Plant Nutr Fert Sci (植物营养与肥料学报), 2012, 18(2): 315–323 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[15]Schmidt J, Beegle D, Zhu Q, Sripada R. Improving in-season nitrogen recommendations for maize using an active sensor. Field Crops Res, 2011, 120: 94–101

[16]Ling Q-H(凌启鸿). Theory and Technology of Rice Precision and Quantitative Cultivation (水稻精确定量栽培理论与技术). Beijing: China Agriculture Press, 2007. pp 76–91 (in Chinese)

[17]Yu L-H(于林惠), Li G-H(李刚华), Xu J-J(徐晶晶), Yang J-J(杨娟娟), Wang S-H(王绍华), Liu Z-H(刘正辉), Wang Q-S(王强盛), Ling Q-H(凌启鸿). Characteristics of uptake of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium and partitioning in mechanical transplanting japonica rice. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2012, 38(4): 707–716 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[18]Ling Q-H(凌启鸿), Zhang H-C(张洪程), Dai Q-G(戴其根), Ding Y-F(丁艳锋), Ling L(凌励), Su Z-F(苏祖芳), Xu M(徐茂), Que J-H(阙金华), Wang S-H(王绍华). Study on precise and quantitative N application in rice. Sci Agric Sin (中国农业科学), 2005, 38(12): 2457–2467 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[19]Yang X(杨雄), Ma Q(马群), Zhang H-C(张洪程), Wei H-Y(魏海燕), Li G-Y(李国业), Li M(李敏), Dai Q-G(戴其根), Huo Z-Y(霍中洋), Xu K(许轲), Zhang Q(张庆), Guo B-W(郭保卫), Ge M-J(葛梦婕). Characteristics and correlation analysis of N and P uptake and utilization of early maturing late japonica  under different N fertilizer levels. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2012, 38(1): 174–180 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[20]Huo Z-Y(霍中洋), Yang X(杨雄), Zhang H-C(张洪程), Ge M-J (葛梦婕), Ma Q(马群), Li M (李敏), Dai Q-G(戴其根), Xu K(许轲), Wei H-Y(魏海燕), Li G-Y(李国业), Zhu C-C(朱聪聪), Wang Y-J(王亚江), Yan X-T(颜希亭). Accumulation and translocation of dry matter and nitrogen nutrition in organs of rice cultivars with different productivity levels. Plant Nutr Fert Sci (植物营养与肥料学报), 2012, 18(5): 1035–1045 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[21]Sun Y-J(孙永健), Sun Y-Y(孙园园), Li X-Y(李旭毅), Zhang R-P(张荣萍), Guo X(郭翔), Ma J(马均). Effects of water-nitrogen interaction on absorption, translocation and distribution of nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium in Rice. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2010, 36(4): 655–664 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[22]Yang X-B(阳显斌), Zhang X-Z(张锡洲), Li T-X(李廷轩), Wu D-Y(吴德勇). Effects of applied P amount on nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium accumulation and distribution in wheats of different phosphorus use efficiency. J Nucl Agric Sci (核农学报), 2012, 26(1): 141–149 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[1] WANG Dan, ZHOU Bao-Yuan, MA Wei, GE Jun-Zhu, DING Zai-Song, LI Cong-Feng, ZHAO Ming. Characteristics of the annual distribution and utilization of climate resource for double maize cropping system in the middle reaches of Yangtze River [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1437-1450.
[2] YANG Huan, ZHOU Ying, CHEN Ping, DU Qing, ZHENG Ben-Chuan, PU Tian, WEN Jing, YANG Wen-Yu, YONG Tai-Wen. Effects of nutrient uptake and utilization on yield of maize-legume strip intercropping system [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1476-1487.
[3] CHEN Jing, REN Bai-Zhao, ZHAO Bin, LIU Peng, ZHANG Ji-Wang. Regulation of leaf-spraying glycine betaine on yield formation and antioxidation of summer maize sowed in different dates [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1502-1515.
[4] SHAN Lu-Ying, LI Jun, LI Liang, ZHANG Li, WANG Hao-Qian, GAO Jia-Qi, WU Gang, WU Yu-Hua, ZHANG Xiu-Jie. Development of genetically modified maize (Zea mays L.) NK603 matrix reference materials [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(5): 1059-1070.
[5] PENG Xi-Hong, CHEN Ping, DU Qing, YANG Xue-Li, REN Jun-Bo, ZHENG Ben-Chuan, LUO Kai, XIE Chen, LEI Lu, YONG Tai-Wen, YANG Wen-Yu. Effects of reduced nitrogen application on soil aeration and root nodule growth of relay strip intercropping soybean [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(5): 1199-1209.
[6] XU Jing, GAO Jing-Yang, LI Cheng-Cheng, SONG Yun-Xia, DONG Chao-Pei, WANG Zhao, LI Yun-Meng, LUAN Yi-Fan, CHEN Jia-Fa, ZHOU Zi-Jian, WU Jian-Yu. Overexpression of ZmCIPKHT enhances heat tolerance in plant [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(4): 851-859.
[7] LIU Lei, ZHAN Wei-Min, DING Wu-Si, LIU Tong, CUI Lian-Hua, JIANG Liang-Liang, ZHANG Yan-Pei, YANG Jian-Ping. Genetic analysis and molecular characterization of dwarf mutant gad39 in maize [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(4): 886-895.
[8] YAN Yu-Ting, SONG Qiu-Lai, YAN Chao, LIU Shuang, ZHANG Yu-Hui, TIAN Jing-Fen, DENG Yu-Xuan, MA Chun-Mei. Nitrogen accumulation and nitrogen substitution effect of maize under straw returning with continuous cropping [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(4): 962-974.
[9] XU Ning-Kun, LI Bing, CHEN Xiao-Yan, WEI Ya-Kang, LIU Zi-Long, XUE Yong-Kang, CHEN Hong-Yu, WANG Gui-Feng. Genetic analysis and molecular characterization of a novel maize Bt2 gene mutant [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(3): 572-579.
[10] YUAN Jia-Qi, LIU Yan-Yang, XU Ke, LI Guo-Hui, CHEN Tian-Ye, ZHOU Hu-Yi, GUO Bao-Wei, HUO Zhong-Yang, DAI Qi-Gen, ZHANG Hong-Cheng. Nitrogen and density treatment to improve resource utilization and yield in late sowing japonica rice [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(3): 667-681.
[11] SONG Shi-Qin, YANG Qing-Long, WANG Dan, LYU Yan-Jie, XU Wen-Hua, WEI Wen-Wen, LIU Xiao-Dan, YAO Fan-Yun, CAO Yu-Jun, WANG Yong-Jun, WANG Li-Chun. Relationship between seed morphology, storage substance and chilling tolerance during germination of dominant maize hybrids in Northeast China [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(3): 726-738.
[12] QU Jian-Zhou, FENG Wen-Hao, ZHANG Xing-Hua, XU Shu-Tu, XUE Ji-Quan. Dissecting the genetic architecture of maize kernel size based on genome-wide association study [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(2): 304-319.
[13] YAN Yan, ZHANG Yu-Shi, LIU Chu-Rong, REN Dan-Yang, LIU Hong-Run, LIU Xue-Qing, ZHANG Ming-Cai, LI Zhao-Hu. Variety matching and resource use efficiency of the winter wheat-summer maize “double late” cropping system [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(2): 423-436.
[14] ZHANG Qian, HAN Ben-Gao, ZHANG Bo, SHENG Kai, LI Lan-Tao, WANG Yi-Lun. Reduced application and different combined applications of loss-control urea on summer maize yield and fertilizer efficiency improvement [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(1): 180-192.
[15] YU Rui-Su, TIAN Xiao-Kang, LIU Bin-Bin, DUAN Ying-Xin, LI Ting, ZHANG Xiu-Ying, ZHANG Xing-Hua, HAO Yin-Chuan, LI Qin, XUE Ji-Quan, XU Shu-Tu. Dissecting the genetic architecture of lodging related traits by genome-wide association study and linkage analysis in maize [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(1): 138-150.
Full text



No Suggested Reading articles found!