Welcome to Acta Agronomica Sinica,

Acta Agron Sin ›› 2017, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (04): 558-570.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2017.00558


Potassium Absorption and Utilization Characteristics of Rice Varieties with the Highest Population Productivity under corresponding Nitrogen Fertilization in Huaibei Area

LIANG Jian,REN Hong-Ru,XIA Min,LI Xiao-Feng,CHEN Meng-Yun,LI Jun,ZHANG Hong-Cheng,HUO Zhong-Yang*?   

  1. Innovation Center of Rice Cultivation Technology in Yangtze River Valley, Ministry of Agriculture / Key Laboratory of Crop Genetics and Physiology of Jiangsu Province, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China
  • Received:2016-08-05 Revised:2017-01-21 Online:2017-04-12 Published:2017-02-10
  • Contact: Huo Zhongyang, E-mail: huozy69@163.com, Tel: 0514-87979220 E-mail:365460342@qq.com
  • Supported by:

    This study was supported by the National Key Technology Support Program (2013BAD07B09, 2016YFD0200805), the Science and Technology Plan of Jiangsu Province (BE2015340, BE2016351), and Three New Agricultural Engineering Fund of Jiangsu Province (SXGC[2016]321).


A field experiment was carried out using 34 medium-maturing medium japonica rice varieties grown in Huaibei area with seven nitrogen application levels (0, 150.0, 187.5, 225.0, 262.5, 300.0, and 337.5 kg ha–1) to investigate the relationship between potassium and yield. According to the highest population productivity under corresponding N fertilization, rice varieties were classified into four types including top type (TT), high type (HT), middle type (MT), and low type (LT). Yield components, and K absorption and translocation of the four types of rice variety were compared. K concentration of aboveground parts of plant steam-sheath and leaf in different types was the highest at heading stage and that was higher in TT than the other three types. K concentration of panicle was no significant difference among tested varieties. With increasing productivity level, total K accumulation increased. From transplanting to jointing stage, the K accumulation in LT was 120.56 kg ha-1, accounting for 50.56%. The K accumulation of TT was 108.02 kg ha-1, accounting for 35.99%. After jointing, the K accumulation and ratio at each growth stage of TT were higher than those of other three types. The K uptake rate showed a trend of MT > LT > HT > TT from transplanting to jointing stage, and TT > HT > MT > LT from jointing to heading stage and from heading to maturity stage. K translocation and K translocation efficiency of leaf were obviously higher than those of steam-sheath. K translocation of TT and HT’s K translocation efficiency were both the highest. The increasing in K of panicle increased with increasing productivity level. From heading to maturity stage, K translocation conversion rate of vegetative organ was the highest in LT, medium in MT, and the lowest in TT. Internal nutrient efficiency and K requirement for 100 kg grain among four types were no obvious difference and K partial factor productivity and harvest index of K showed a trend of TT > HT > MT > LT. In conclusion, the higher the production level, the higher the potassium use efficiency of plants and organs at the middle and later periods of development. Maintaining high K uptake and translocation efficiency after heading is an important characteristic of high-yield rice varieties.

Key words: Medium-maturing medium Japonica, Productivity, K accumulation, K translocation

[1] 金继运. 土壤钾素研究进展. 土壤学报, 1993, 30: 94–101 Jin J Y. Advances in soil potassium research. Acta Pedol Sin, 1993, 30: 94–101 (in Chinese) [2] 陈化榜, 李振声, 李继云. 植物矿质营养育种的研究进展. 中国农业科学, 1995, 24: 1–6 Chen H B, li Z S, Li J Y. Progress and perspectives of plant breeding for efficient utilization of mineral nutrition soil. Sci Agric Sin, 1995, 24: 1–6 (in Chinese with English abstract) [3] Witt C, Dobermann A, Abdulrachman S, Gines H C, Wang G, Nagarajan R, Satawatananont S, Son T T, Tan P S, Tiem L V, Simbahan G C, Olk D C. Internal nutrient efficiencies of irrigated lowland rice in tropical and subtropical Asia. Field Crops Res, 1999, 63: 113–138 [4] Liu M, Yu Z, Liu Y, Konijn N T. Fertilizer requirements for wheat and maize in China: the QUEFTS approach. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst, 2006, 74: 245–258 [5] 胡泓, 王光火. 钾肥对杂交水稻养分积累以及生理效率的影响. 植物营养与肥料学报, 2003, 9: 184–189 Hu H, Wang G H. Influence of potassium fertilizer on nutrient accumulation and physiological efficiency of hybrid rice. Plant Nutr Fert Sci, 2003, 9: 184–189 (in Chinese with English abstract) [6] He P, Yang L P, Xu X P, Zhao S C, Chen F, Li S T, Tu S H, Jin J Y, Johnston A M. Temporal and spatial variation of soil available potassium in China (1990?2012). Field Crops Res, 2015, 173: 49–56 [7] 任意, 张淑香, 穆兰, 田有国, 卢昌艾. 我国不同地区土壤养分的差异及变化趋势. 中国土壤与肥料, 2009, (6): 13–17 Ren Y, Zhang S X, Mu L, Tian Y G, Lu C A. Change and difference of soil nutrients for various regions in China. Soil Fert Sci China, 2009, (6): 13–17 (in Chinese with English abstract) [8] 赵明松, 李德成, 张文凯, 胡春华, 邵云鹏. 淮北平原农田土壤养分空间变异特征——以安徽省蒙城县为例. 土壤通报, 2016, 47: 611–617 Zhao M S, Li D C, Zhang W K, Hu C H, Shao Y P. Spatial variability characteristics of soil nutrient in North Plain of Anhui Province—A case study of Mengcheng County, Anhui province. Chin J Soil Sci, 2016, 47: 611–617 (in Chinese with English abstract) [9] 褚国良, 詹国勤, 丁剑英, 吴行国, 戴增捷. 丘陵地区水稻氮磷钾经济用量与配比研究. 江苏农业科学, 1996, (3): 5–7 Chu G L, Zhan G Q, Ding J Y, Wu X G, Dai Z J. The research of economic dosage and the ratio of NPK on rice in Hilly region. Jiangsu Agric Sci, 1996, (3): 5–7 (in Chinese) [10] 王强盛. 水稻钾素营养的积累特征及生理效应. 南京农业大学博士学位论文, 江苏南京, 2009 Wang Q S. Accumulation Characteristics and Physiological Effect of Rice Potassium Nutrition. PhD Dissertation of Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, China, 2009 (in Chinese with English abstract) [11] 凌启鸿. 作物群体质量. 上海: 上海科技出版社, 2000. pp 1–210 Ling Q H. The Quality of Crop Population. Shanghai: Shanghai Scientific and Technical Publishers, 2000. pp 1–210 (in Chinese) [12] 张洋洋, 鲁剑巍, 王友珠, 王振, 李小坤, 任涛, 丛日环. 钾肥施用方式对直播和移栽水稻产量和钾肥利用效率的影响. 作物杂志, 2016, (1): 110–114 Zhang Y Y, Lu J W, Wang Y Z, Wang Z, Li X K, Ren T, Cong R H. Effects of potassium fertilizer application method on yield and potassium apparent efficiency of direct-sowing rice and transplanting rice. Crops, 2016, (1): 110–114 (in Chinese with English abstract) [13] 刘国栋, 刘更另. 籼稻耐低钾基因型的筛选. 作物学报, 2002, 28: 161–166 Liu G D, Liu G L. Screening indica rice for K-efficient genotypes. Acta Agron Sin, 2002, 28: 161–166 (in Chinese with English abstract) [14] 杨雄. 不同氮肥群体最高生产力水稻品种氮磷钾的积累、分配与转运的差异性分析. 扬州大学硕士学位论文, 江苏扬州, 2012 Yang X. The Accumulation, Distribution and Translocation of NPK of Rice Varieties with Different Productivity Levels. MS Thesis of Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, China, 2012 (in Chinese with English abstract) [15] 杨波, 任万军, 杨文钰, 卢庭启, 肖启银. 不同种植方式下钾肥用量对水稻钾素吸收利用及产量的影响. 杂交水稻, 2008, 23(5): 60–64 Yang B, Ren W J, Yang W Y, Lu T Q, Xiao Q Y. Effects of applying amounts of potassium fertilizer on potassium uptake and utilization and grain yield in rice under different planting modes. Hybrid Rice, 2008, 23(5): 60–64 (in Chinese with English abstract) [16] 张洪程, 马群, 杨雄, 李敏, 葛梦婕, 李国业, 戴其根, 霍中洋, 许轲, 魏海燕, 高辉, 刘艳阳. 水稻品种氮肥群体最高生产力及其增长规律. 作物学报, 2012, 38: 86–98 Zhang H C, Ma Q, Yang X, Li M, Ge M J, Li G Y, Dai Q G, Huo Z Y, Xu K, Wei H Y, Gao H, Liu Y Y. The highest population productivity of nitrogen fertilization and its variation rules in rice cultivars. Acta Agron Sin, 2012, 38: 86–98 (in Chinese with English abstract) [17] 霍中洋, 顾海永, 马群, 杨雄, 李敏, 李国业, 戴其根, 许轲, 魏海燕, 高辉, 芦燕, 张洪程. 不同氮肥群体最高生产力水稻品种的氮素吸收利用差异. 作物学报, 2012, 38: 2061–2068 Huo Z Y, Gu H Y, Ma Q, Yang X, Li M, Li G Y, Dai Q G, Xu K, Wei H Y, Gao H, Lu Y, Zhang H C. Differences of nitrogen absorption and utilization in rice varieties with different productivity levels. Acta Agron Sin, 2012, 38: 2061–2068 (in Chinese with English abstract) [18] 陈川, 丁国霞, 钟平, 邵文奇, 安凯先, 石彦兵. 淮北稻田套播麦的主要生育特点与施肥技术. 江苏农业科学, 2008, (1): 26–28 Chen C, Ding G X, Zhong P, Shao W Q, An K X, Shi Y B. Main reproductive characteristics and application techniques at interplanting wheat in paddy in Huaibei Area. Jiangsu Agric Sci, 2008, (1): 26–28 (in Chinese) [19] 刘枫, 王允清, 刘英, 钱国平. 安徽省土壤钾素供应状况与钾肥效应分析. 土壤通报, 2016, 34: 205–208 Liu F, Wang Y Q, Liu Y, Qian G P. Analysis of soil potassium status and potash fertilizer effect in Anhui Province. Chin J Soil Sci, 2016, 34: 205–208 (in Chinese with English abstract) [20] Fageria N K, Baligar V C, Wright R J. Lowland rice response to potassium fertilization and its effect on N and P uptake. Fert Res, 1990, 21: 157–162 [21] 王强盛, 甄若宏, 丁艳锋, 吉志军, 曹卫星, 黄丕生. 钾肥用量对优质粳稻钾素积累利用及稻米品质的影响. 中国农业科学, 2004, 37: 1444–1450 Wang Q S, Zhen R H, Ding Y F, Ji Z J, Cao W X, Huang P S. Effects of potassium fertilizer application rates on plant potassium accumulation and grain quality of Japonica rice. Sci Agric Sin, 2004, 37: 1444–1450 (in Chinese with English abstract) [22] 杜永, 刘辉, 杨成, 王志琴, 杨建昌. 超高产栽培迟熟中粳稻养分吸收特点的研究. 作物学报, 2007, 33: 208–215 Du Y, Liu H, Yang C, Wang Z Q, Yang J C. Characteristics of nutrient absorption in super-high-yielding mid-season and late-maturity japonica rice. Acta Agron Sin, 2007, 33: 208–215 (in Chinese with English abstract) [23] 纪洪亭, 冯跃华, 何腾兵, 潘剑, 范乐乐, 李云, 武彪, 肖铭, 梁显林. 超级杂交稻群体干物质和养分积累动态模型与特征分析. 中国农业科学, 2012, 45: 3709–3720 Ji H T, Feng Y H, He T B, Pan J, Fan L L, Li Y, Wu B, Xiao M, Liang X L. A dynamic model of dry matter and nutrient accumulation in super hybrid rice and analysis of its characteristics. Sci Agric Sin, 2012, 45: 3709–3720 (in Chinese with English abstract) [24] 韦还和, 孟天瑶, 李超, 张洪程, 戴其根, 马荣荣, 王晓燕, 杨筠文. 超级稻甬优12不同产量水平群体的钾素营养特性. 作物学报, 2016, 42: 1047–1057 Wei H H, Meng T Y, Li C, Zhang H C, Dai Q G, Ma R R, Wang X Y, Yang J W. Potassium nutrition characteristics in different yield populations of super rice Yongyou 12. Acta Agron Sin, 2016, 42: 1047–1057 (in Chinese with English abstract) [25] 陈智慧, 王火焰, 周健民, 安林林, 陈小琴, 杜昌文. 不同钾素水平对水稻不同部位含钾量的影响. 土壤, 2013, 45: 489–494 Chen Z H, Wang H Y, Zhou J M, An L L, Chen X Q, Du C W. Dynamic changes of rice K content influenced by different soil K levels. Soils, 2013, 45: 489–494 (in Chinese with English abstract) [26] 葛梦婕. 长江中下游地区常规超级粳稻产量形成及养分吸收利用特性. 扬州大学硕士学位论文, 江苏扬州, 2014 Ge M J. Yield Formation, Absorption and Utilization of NPK of Conventional Japonica Super in Yangtze River Area. MS Thesis of Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, China, 2014 (in Chinese with English abstract) [27] 杨柳青. 不同氮水平下钾对水稻生长的影响. 西南大学博士学位论文, 重庆, 2012 Yang L Q. Effects of Potassium on the Growth of Rice under Different Nitrogen Levels. PhD Dissertation of Xinan University, Chongqing, China, 2012 (in Chinese with English abstract) [28] 姜照伟, 李小萍, 赵雅静, 李义珍. 杂交水稻氮钾素吸收积累特性及氮素营养诊断. 福建农业学报, 2011, 26: 852–857 Jiang Z W, LI X H, Zhao Y J, Li Y Z. N/P absorption and accumulation and N nutrition of hybrid rice. Fujian J Agric Sci, 2011, 26: 852–859 (in Chinese with English abstract) [29] 孙永健, 孙园园, 李旭毅, 张荣萍, 郭翔, 马均. 水氮互作对水稻氮磷钾吸收、转运及分配的影响. 作物学报, 2010, 36: 655–664 Sun Y J, Sun Y Y, Li X Y, Zhang R O, Guo X, Ma J. Effects of water-nitrogen interaction on absorption, translocation and distribution of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium in rice. Acta Agron Sin, 2010, 36: 655–664 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[1] DONG Er-Wei, WANG Jin-Song, WU Ai-Lian, WANG Yuan, WANG Li-Ge, HAN Xiong, GUO Jun, JIAO Xiao-Yan. Effects of row space and plant density on characteristics of grain filling, starch and NPK accumulation of sorghum grain of different parts of panicle [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2021, 47(12): 2459-2470.
[2] WEI Huan-He,GE Jia-Lin,ZHANG Xu-Bin,MENG Tian-Yao,LU Yu,LI Xin-Yue,TAO Yuan,DING En-Hao,CHEN Ying-Long,DAI Qi-Gen. Tillering characteristics and its relationships with population productivity of japonica rice Nanjing 9108 under salinity stress [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2020, 46(8): 1238-1247.
[3] WU Yu-Hong,HAO Xing-Shun,TIAN Xiao-Hong,CHEN Hao,ZHANG Chun-Hui,CUI Yue-Zhen,QIN Yu-Hang. Effect of straw returning combined with NPK fertilization on soil carbon sequestration and economic benefits under rice-wheat rotation in Hanzhong basin [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2020, 46(02): 259-268.
[4] Hong-Liang SHI,Qing-Qing YAN,Ju-Song ZHANG,Chun-Yan LI,Hai-Tao DOU. Compensation Effect of Nitrogen Fertilizer on Photosynthetic Characteristics and Yield during Cotton Flowering Boll-setting Stage under Non-sufficient Drip Irrigation [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2018, 44(8): 1196-1204.
[5] Cai ZHAO,Qiao-Mei WANG,Yao GUO,Wen YIN,Zhi-Long FAN,Fa-Long HU,Ai-Zhong YU,Qiang CHAI. Effects of Water-Nitrogen Coupling Patterns on Dry Matter Accumulation and Yield of Wheat under No-tillage with Previous Plastic Mulched Maize [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2018, 44(11): 1694-1703.
[6] ZHOU Pei-Lu,REN Hong,QI Hua,ZHAO Ming,LI Cong-Feng. Effects of Nitrogen Application Rates on Dry Matter Productivity and Nitrogen Utilization of Different Type Maize Hybrids [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2017, 43(02): 263-276.
[7] LIANG Jian,Li Jun,LI Xiao-Feng,SHU Peng,ZHANG Hong-Cheng,HUO Zhong-Yang*,DAI Qi-Gen,XU Ke,WEI Hai-Yan,GUO Bao-Wei. Yield, Nitrogen Absorption and Utilization of Rice Varieties with the Highest Population Productivity of Nitrogen Fertilization in Huaibei Area [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2016, 42(08): 1188-1200.
[8] MENG Tian-Yao,XU Jun-Wei,SHAO Zi-Bin,GE Meng-Jie2,ZHANG Hong-Cheng,WEI Hai-Yan,DAI Qi-Gen,HUO Zhong-Yang,XU Ke,GUO Bao-Wei,JING Pei-Pei. Advantages and Their Formation Characteristics of the Highest Population Productivity of Nitrogen Fertilization in Japonica/Indica Hybrid Rice of Yongyou Series [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2015, 41(11): 1711-1725.
[9] XU Ke,YANG Hai-Sheng,ZHANG Hong-Cheng,GONG Jin-Long,SHEN Xin-Ping,TAO Xiao-Jun,DAI Qi-Gen,HUO Zhong-Yang,WEI Hai-Yan,GAO Hui. Latitudinal Difference of Rice Varieties Productivity in the Lower Yangtze and Huai Valleys and Its Rational Utilization [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2014, 40(05): 871-890.
[10] ZHANG Hong-Cheng,XU Ke,ZHANG Jun,LI Guo-Ye,DONG Xiao-Bo,HUA Jin,ZHOU Pei-Jian,CHENG Fei-Hu,HUANG Da-Shan,CHEN Zhong-Ping,CHEN Guo-Liang,FANG Ming-Zhen,DAI Qi-Gen,HUO Zhong-Yang,WEI Hai-Yan,GAO Hui. Productivity and Eco-physiological Characteristics of Late Japonica Rice in Double-Cropping Rice System [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2014, 40(02): 283-300.
[11] WANG Hui-Zhen,ZHAO Hong-Liang,FENG Yong-Xiang,JIANG Le,NING Da-Ke,XIE Li-Yong,LIN Er-Da. Response of Soluble Substances Content in Flag Leaves during Late Growth Stage and Plant Productivity of Rice to Elevated CO2 in North China [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2014, 40(02): 320-328.
[12] ZHU Cong-Hua,DAI Zou,YAN Feng-Jun,PENG Yu,XU Hui,SUN Yong-Jian,MA Jun. Effects of Different Paddy Field Drainage Degrees and Panicle Nitrogen Fertilizer Managements on Photosynthetic Productivity and Nitrogen Utilization of Rice under Triangle-Planted System of Rice Intensification [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2013, 39(04): 735-743.
[13] SONG Zhen-Wei,QI Hua,ZHANG Zhen-Ping,QIAN Chun-Rong,GUO Jin-Rui,DENG Ai-Xing,ZHANG Wei-Jian. Effects of Plant Density on Agronomic Characters and Yield in Spring Maize Zhongdan 909 and Their Regional Differences in Northeast China [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2012, 38(12): 2267-2277.
[14] HUO Zhong-Yang,GU Hai-Yong,MA Qun,YANG Xiong,LI Min,LI Guo-Ye,DAI Qi-Gen,XU Ke,WEI Hai-Yan,GAO Hui,LU Yan,ZHANG Hong-Cheng. Differences of Nitrogen Absorption and Utilization in Rice Varieties with Different Productivity Levels [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2012, 38(11): 2061-2068.
[15] SHI Quan-Hong,LIU Jian-Gang,WANG Zhao-Hua,TAO Ting-Ting,CHEN Fu,CHU Qing-Quan. Change of Rice Yield Gaps and Influential Climatic Factors in Southern China [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2012, 38(05): 896-903.
Full text



No Suggested Reading articles found!