Welcome to Acta Agronomica Sinica,

Acta Agron Sin ›› 2009, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (7): 1364-1368.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2009.01364

• RESEARCH ACTIVITIES • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effect of tilling Depth on Growth,Nutrient Uptake,Yield and Quality of Flue-Cured Tobacco Plant

XU Tian-Yang1,ZHAO Zheng-Xiong1,*,LI Zhong-Huan2,CHEN Rong-Ping2,XU Long2,WANG Guang-Lin2,JIN Xia1   

  1. 1College of Tobacco Sciences,Yunnan Agricultural University,Kunming 650201,China;2Kunming Tobacco Company,Yunnan Tobacco Company,Kunming 650051,China
  • Received:2008-11-03 Revised:2009-03-18 Online:2009-07-12 Published:2009-05-19
  • Contact: ZHAO Zheng-Xiong, E-mail: zhaozx0801@163.com; Tel: 0871-5220536


Deeper tillage has been commonly thought having positive effect on plant growth, but what depth for tillage is better is not clearly in tobacco production. A field experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of tilling depth (20, 30, and 40 cm, respectively) on the growth, root distribution, dry matter accumulation, nutrient uptake, yield and quality of flue–cured tobacco plant in Shilin county, Yunnan. The results showed that tobacco plant growth was significantly affected by the tilling depth from topping to harvesting except the early stage. The number and dry weight of roots decreased with increasing tilling depth at the 0–10 cm soil layer, but increased at the 10–20 cm and 20–30 cm soil layers, and more roots were found for the treatment with tilling depth at 40 cm. Leaf area index, maximum leaf area, dry matter accumulation and uptake of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium increased in the plant with deepening tilling depth. The highest yield and economic value of flue-cured tobacco leaves were obtained at 40 cm of tilling depth. Moreover, the 30 cm of tilling depth was also better for higher yield and higher quality of leaf. It suggested that 30 to 40 cm was the optimum tilling depth for flue-cured tobacco.

Key words: Flue-cured tobacco, Tilling depth, Root, Dry matter accumulation, Nutrient uptake, Yield, Quality

[1] Collins W K, Hawks Jr S N. Principles of Flue-cured Tobacco Production. Raleigh, North Carolina: North Carolina State University, 1993. pp 23-98

[2] Xu D(许迪), Schmid R, Mermoud A. Effects of tillage practices on temporal variations of soil surface properties. J Soil Water Conserv (水土保持学报), 2000, 14(1): 64-70 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[3] Zhang H-L(张海林), Qin Y-D(秦耀东), Zhu W-S(朱文珊). Effects of tillage on soil physical properties. Soils (土壤), 2003, (2): 140-144 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[4] Zhang J(张洁), Yao Y-Q(姚宇卿), Lü J-J(吕军杰), Wang Y-H(王育红), Jin K(金轲), Wang C-H(王聪慧), Hu B-W(胡博文), Li J-H(李俊红), Ding Z-Q(丁志强). Effects of different tillages on soil organic carbon, soil microbial biomass carbon and water use efficiency in the slopping field of arid areas.Chin J Soil Sci (土壤通报), 2007, 38(5): 882-886 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[5] Tian X-P(田秀平), Tao Y-X(陶永香), Wang L-J(王立军), Ji J-H(姬景红). The effect of different cultivation on nutrient and crop yield in Albic soils. J Heilongjiang August First Land Reclamation Univ (黑龙江八一农垦大学学报), 2002, 14(3): 9-11 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[6] Martin-Rueda I, Munoz-Guerra L M, Yunta F, Esteban E, Tenorio J L, Lucena J J. Tillage and crop rotation effects on barley yield and soil nutrients on a Calciortidic Haploxeralf. Soil Till Res, 2007, 92: 1-9

[7] Ding K-L(丁昆仑), Hann M J. Effects of soil management on soil properties and crop yield. Transact CSAE (农业工程学报), 2000, 16(3): 28-31 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[8] Han B(韩宾), Li Z-J(李增嘉), Wang Y(王芸), Ning T-Y(宁堂原), Zheng Y-H(郑延海), Shi Z-Q(史忠强). Effects of soil tillage and returning straw to soil on wheat growth status and yield. Trans CSAE (农业工程学报), 2007, 23(2): 48-53 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[9] Liu C-J(刘长江), Li Q-S(李取生), Li X-J(李秀军). Utilization of different tillage models for improvement of soda-alkaline glebe in Songnen Plain. Agric Res Arid Areas (干旱地区农业研究), 2005, 23(5): 13-16 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[10] Xu D(许迪), Schmid R, Mermoud A. Effects of tillage practices on the variation of soil moisture and the yield of summer maize. Trans CSAE(农业工程学报), 1999, 15(3): 101-106 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[11] Wang R-X(王瑞新), Han F-G(韩富根). Analysis for Chemical Assessment of Tobacco (烟草化学品质分析). Beijing: China Agriculture Press, 2003. pp 66-186 (in Chinese)
[1] WANG Dan, ZHOU Bao-Yuan, MA Wei, GE Jun-Zhu, DING Zai-Song, LI Cong-Feng, ZHAO Ming. Characteristics of the annual distribution and utilization of climate resource for double maize cropping system in the middle reaches of Yangtze River [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1437-1450.
[2] WANG Wang-Nian, GE Jun-Zhu, YANG Hai-Chang, YIN Fa-Ting, HUANG Tai-Li, KUAI Jie, WANG Jing, WANG Bo, ZHOU Guang-Sheng, FU Ting-Dong. Adaptation of feed crops to saline-alkali soil stress and effect of improving saline-alkali soil [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1451-1462.
[3] YAN Jia-Qian, GU Yi-Biao, XUE Zhang-Yi, ZHOU Tian-Yang, GE Qian-Qian, ZHANG Hao, LIU Li-Jun, WANG Zhi-Qin, GU Jun-Fei, YANG Jian-Chang, ZHOU Zhen-Ling, XU Da-Yong. Different responses of rice cultivars to salt stress and the underlying mechanisms [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1463-1475.
[4] YANG Huan, ZHOU Ying, CHEN Ping, DU Qing, ZHENG Ben-Chuan, PU Tian, WEN Jing, YANG Wen-Yu, YONG Tai-Wen. Effects of nutrient uptake and utilization on yield of maize-legume strip intercropping system [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1476-1487.
[5] CHEN Jing, REN Bai-Zhao, ZHAO Bin, LIU Peng, ZHANG Ji-Wang. Regulation of leaf-spraying glycine betaine on yield formation and antioxidation of summer maize sowed in different dates [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1502-1515.
[6] LI Yi-Jun, LYU Hou-Quan. Effect of agricultural meteorological disasters on the production corn in the Northeast China [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(6): 1537-1545.
[7] SHI Yan-Yan, MA Zhi-Hua, WU Chun-Hua, ZHOU Yong-Jin, LI Rong. Effects of ridge tillage with film mulching in furrow on photosynthetic characteristics of potato and yield formation in dryland farming [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(5): 1288-1297.
[8] SUN Si-Min, HAN Bei, CHEN Lin, SUN Wei-Nan, ZHANG Xian-Long, YANG Xi-Yan. Root system architecture analysis and genome-wide association study of root system architecture related traits in cotton [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(5): 1081-1090.
[9] PENG Xi-Hong, CHEN Ping, DU Qing, YANG Xue-Li, REN Jun-Bo, ZHENG Ben-Chuan, LUO Kai, XIE Chen, LEI Lu, YONG Tai-Wen, YANG Wen-Yu. Effects of reduced nitrogen application on soil aeration and root nodule growth of relay strip intercropping soybean [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(5): 1199-1209.
[10] YAN Xiao-Yu, GUO Wen-Jun, QIN Du-Lin, WANG Shuang-Lei, NIE Jun-Jun, ZHAO Na, QI Jie, SONG Xian-Liang, MAO Li-Li, SUN Xue-Zhen. Effects of cotton stubble return and subsoiling on dry matter accumulation, nutrient uptake, and yield of cotton in coastal saline-alkali soil [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(5): 1235-1247.
[11] KE Jian, CHEN Ting-Ting, WU Zhou, ZHU Tie-Zhong, SUN Jie, HE Hai-Bing, YOU Cui-Cui, ZHU De-Quan, WU Li-Quan. Suitable varieties and high-yielding population characteristics of late season rice in the northern margin area of double-cropping rice along the Yangtze River [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(4): 1005-1016.
[12] LIU Jia-Xin, LAN Yu, XU Qian-Yu, LI Hong-Ye, ZHOU Xin-Yu, ZHAO Xuan, GAN Yi, LIU Hong-Bo, ZHENG Yue-Ping, ZHAN Yi-Hua, ZHANG Gang, ZHENG Zhi-Fu. Creation and identification of peanut germplasm tolerant to triazolopyrimidine herbicides [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(4): 1027-1034.
[13] LI Rui-Dong, YIN Yang-Yang, SONG Wen-Wen, WU Ting-Ting, SUN Shi, HAN Tian-Fu, XU Cai-Long, WU Cun-Xiang, HU Shui-Xiu. Effects of close planting densities on assimilate accumulation and yield of soybean with different plant branching types [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(4): 942-951.
[14] WANG Lyu, CUI Yue-Zhen, WU Yu-Hong, HAO Xing-Shun, ZHANG Chun-Hui, WANG Jun-Yi, LIU Yi-Xin, LI Xiao-Gang, QIN Yu-Hang. Effects of rice stalks mulching combined with green manure (Astragalus smicus L.) incorporated into soil and reducing nitrogen fertilizer rate on rice yield and soil fertility [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(4): 952-961.
[15] DU Hao, CHENG Yu-Han, LI Tai, HOU Zhi-Hong, LI Yong-Li, NAN Hai-Yang, DONG Li-Dong, LIU Bao-Hui, CHENG Qun. Improving seed number per pod of soybean by molecular breeding based on Ln locus [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(3): 565-571.
Full text



No Suggested Reading articles found!