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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2009, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (11): 2116-2121.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2009.02116

• RESEARCH ACTIVITIES • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effects of Nitrogen Application Rates on Nitrogen Uptake and Use,Protein Accumulation,and Grain Yield in Malting Barkey

CAI Jian,JIANG Dong*,DAI Ting-Bo,CAO Wei-Xing   

  1. Key Laboratory of Crop Physiology and ecology in southern China,Ministry of Agriculture/Hi-Tech Key Laboratory of Information Agriculture,Jiangsu Province,Nanjing Agricultural University,Nanjing 210095,China
  • Received:2009-04-17 Revised:2009-07-25 Online:2009-11-12 Published:2009-09-10
  • Contact: JIANG Dong, E-mail: jiangd@njau.edu.cn; Tel: 025-84396575


In purpose of improving application of nitrogen (N) fertilizer in malting barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) production, the experiments were conducted using two cultivars, Supi 3 and Dan 2, in sequential growing seasons from 2004 to 2006. Within the range of N application rate from 0 to 225 kg ha-1, the N accumulation before anthesis and its translocation to grains were in positive responses to the increase of N rate, but there was a slight difference between the N rate treatments of 225 kg ha-1 and 300 kg ha-1. The translocation efficiency of N accumulated before anthesis, and its contribution to grains showed single-peak curve changes with the increase of N rate. The activities of glutamine synthetase and glutamic pyruvic transaminase in grains increased with the augment of N rate, indicating that more proteins were accumulated in grains at higher N rates. When N rate was lower than 197 kg ha-1, the protein content in grains met the malting requirement (lower than 12%). According to the regression analysis, the highest grain yield was observed at N application level of 241 kg ha-1. In addition, the N recovery efficiency was the largest in N rate treatment of 225 kg ha-1, and the N physiological use efficiency and N harvest index decreased when more N fertilizer applied. The results suggest that 150–197 kg ha-1 of N fertilizer should be favorable for malting barley production under environments similar to that of the present experiment.

Key words: Malting barkey(Hordeum vulgare L.), Nitrogen fertilizer rate, Nitrogen accumlation, Nitrogen use, Protein content

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