Uptake and translocation of lead (Pb), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), cadmium (Cd), and arsenic (As) in industrial hemp genotypes were investigated at seedling and physiological maturity, in order to provide an insight for phytoremediation of mining soils in Yunnan. The experiment was conducted using five main varieties of industrial hemp viz., Yunma (ym)1, ym2, ym3, ym4, and ym5 under mining areas of Yunnan. Results showed that uptake and translocation of Pb, Zn, Cu, Cd, and As in all hemp genotypes were high at the seedling stage. Accumulation of Pb, Zn, Cu, Cd, and As contents in hemp roots were higher at physiological maturity as compared to seedling stage. However, comparing to seedling stage, Pb, As, and Cd contents in stems and leaves were higher at physiological maturity stage. Translocation factor coefficients of hemp stem and leaf to all heavy metals were more than 1.0 at seedling stage. At physiological maturity stage, translocation of Pb, As and Cd in stems and leaves of all hemp varieties were higher compared with Cu and Zn. The accumulated contents of Pb, As, Cu, Cd, and Zn in plants were 31.65-644.29, 365.14-624.25, 180.65-194.06, 15.13-24.40, and 540.07-684.27 g hm -2, respectively. However, highest contents of Pb, As, Cd, and Zn were observed in hemp variety Yunma 1 and Yunma 5, which suggested that these two varieties had significantly higher metal accumulation and translocation compared to other varieties. In conclusion, the bioconcentration ratios, translocation factor and phytoremediation ability of hemp variety Yunma 1 and Yunma 5 were higher than those of Yunma 2, Yunma 3, and Yunma 4. These results showed that both Yunma 1 and Yunma 5 were potential candidates for remediation of heavy metal polluted areas in Yunnan.