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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2008, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (05): 795-802.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2008.00795


Starch Granule Size Distribution in Wheat Grains under Irrigated and Rainfed Conditions

DAI Zhong-Min12,YIN Yan-Ping1,ZHANG Min1,LI Wen-Yang1,YAN Su-Hui1,CAI Rui-Guo1,WANG Zhen-Lin1*   

  1. 1 National Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, Agronomy College, Shandong Agricultural University / Key Laboratory of Wheat Cultivation Physiology and Genetic Improvement, Ministry of Agriculture, Tai’an 271018, Shandong; 2 Dezhou College, Dezhou 253023, Shandong, China
  • Received:2007-09-28 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2008-05-12 Published:2008-05-12
  • Contact: WANG Zhen-Lin

Abstract: Starch granules comprise A and B types in mature wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) grains, which are different in chemical composition and functional properties. The granule size distribution of wheat starch is affected by both genotype and environment factors. Currently little information is available about the different distribution of starch granule size in wheat under different cultivation conditions. We used two wheat cultivars, Lumai 21 (starch content 68.9%) and De 99-3 (starch content 64.6%), to investigate the distribution of grain starch granule size under irrigated and rainfed conditions at Tai’an and Dezhou of Shandong Province in 2004–2005 growth season. The irrigated treatment received 3 irrigations with the total water amount of 2 250 m2 ha-1 during the whole growth period (750 m3 ha-1 each at before sowing, pre-wintering, and jointing stages, respectively), while the rainfed treatment had no irrigation. In mature grains, the diameter of starch granules ranged from 0.37 to 52.60 mm, and the percent volume distribution showed a 2-peak curve with the mean granule diameter of 5 (B type) and 25 mm (A type) at each peak. The volume percentages of A and B types were 56.1–65.5% and 34.5–43.9%, respectively. A 2-peak curve was also shown in percent surface area distribution of starch granules, but only one peak in percent number, because the number of B-type granules accounted for over 99% of the total starch granules. As compared with irrigated treatment, rainfed treatment affected the distribution of starch granules in grains of both cultivars through increasing the percent volume and percent surface area of 2.0-9.8 mm and <9.8 mm starch granules and decreasing those of >18.8 mm starch granules. The soil water deficit also decreased the contents of amylose and starch in grains and increased protein content, peak viscosity and final viscosity, suggesting that rianfed treatment may improve wheat grain quality. The contents of amylose, starch, and protein in grains were significantly correlated with the percent volume of starch granules with different diameter ranges. For starch, the r was -0.560*, -0.831** (2.0-9.8 mm) and -0.597*, -0.812** (<9.8 mm); and for protein, the r was 0.799**, 0.603*, (2.0-9.8 mm) and 0.799**, 0.578* (<9.8 mm), respectively. The result suggested that small starch granules (2.0-9.8 mm and <9.8 μm) are low in contents of amylose and starch, and high in protein content, whereas big starch granules (9.8–18.8 mm and >9.8 μm) high in contents of amylose and starch.

Key words: Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), Grain, Distribution of Starch, Granule size, Irrigation, Rainfed cultivation

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