Welcome to Acta Agronomica Sinica,

Acta Agron Sin ›› 2009, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (7): 1350-1356.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2009.01350

• RESEARCH ACTIVITIES • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Effect of Fertilization on Yield of Forage Grass,Nutrient Uptake and Soil Properties under Sudangrass and Ryegrass Rotation Regime

LI Wen-Xi1,LU Jian-Wei1,*,LU Jun-Ming2,LI Xiao-Kun1,DAI Zhing-Gang1,YANG Juan1   

  1. 1College of Resources and Environment,Huazhong Agricultural University,Wuhan430070,China;2Agricultural Research Institute,Datonghu Administration District of Jingzhou City,Jingzhou 434300,China
  • Received:2008-11-17 Revised:2009-03-18 Online:2009-07-12 Published:2009-05-19
  • Contact: LU Jian-Wei, E-mail: lujianwei@mail.hzau.edu.cn


Sudangrass and ryegrass rotation is a new type of growth system in Jianghan Plain, which had developed very fast in recent years. So it is highly essential to propose an optimum nutrient management practice for increasing forage grass yield, improving soil fertilization and assuring sustainable development in this new system. Effect of fertilization on yield of forage grass, nutrient uptake and nutrition in soil under Sudangrass and ryegrass rotation regime was studied for two years through the field experiments in Honghu City of Jianghan Plain. The results showed that the application of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) combination obviously improved fresh yield of Sudangrass and ryegrass, with a total forage yield of 162.7 t ha-1 in 20052006, which was 312.9%, 26.9%, 17.9% higher than that of PK, NK, NP treatments, respectively. The total forage yield was 114.9 t ha-1 in 20062007, and 338.5%, 20.3%, 17.2% higher than that of PK, NK, NP treatments, respectively. Fertilization affected nutrient content of forage grass, and N fertilizer increased N content of grass, and K fertilizer increased K content of grass. NPK combination also promoted nutrient uptake of forage grass, with the higher nutrient uptake than other treatments. The total N, P, K uptake of forage grass was 500 kg ha-1, 91 kg ha-1and 997 kg ha-1 in 20052006, and 312 kg ha-1, 56 kg ha-1, 402 kg ha-1 in 20062007, respectively. In this rotation, the surplus of N and P2O5 in NPK treatment was the least, compared with that in NP, NK and PK treatments. However, K2O surplus in NPK treatment was the negative. In Sudangrass and ryegrass rotation, organic matter and total nitrogen in soil in all treatments, available phosphorus in soil in NPK, NP and PK treatments and available potassium in soil in NPK, NK and PK treatments increased with crop rotation times. But available phosphorus in soil in NK treatment and available potassium in soil in NP treatment slightly degraded, respectively.

Key words: Sudangrass and ryegrass rotation, Fertilization, Nutrients uptake, Soil nutrition, Jianghan Plain

[1] Zhang C-X(张春霞), Hao M-D(郝明德), Xie B-C(谢佰承). Effect of application amounts of different chemical fertilizers on soil carbon pool. Chin J Soil Sci (土壤通报), 2006, 37(5): 861-864 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[2] Lü J-L(吕家珑), Zhang Y-P(张一平), Wang X-D(王旭东), Zhao G-X(赵高霞), Zhang C-H(张春惠). Effect of long-term single application of chemical fertilizer on soil properties and crop yield. Chin J Appl Ecol (应用生态学报), 2001, 12(4): 569-572(in Chinese with English abstract)

[3] Shi H-R(史鸿儒), Zhang W-Z(张文忠), Xie W-X(解文孝), Yang Q(杨庆), Zhang Z-Y(张振宇), Han Y-D(韩亚东), Xu Z-J(徐正进), Chen W-F(陈温福). Analysis of matter production characteristics under different nitrogen application patterns of Japonica super rice in North China. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2008, 34(11): 1985-1993(in Chinese with English abstract)

[4]Miglierina A M, Iglesias J O, Landriscini M R, Galantini J A, Rosell R A. The effects of crop rotation and fertilization on wheat productivity in the Pampean semiarid region of Argentina 1: Soil physical and chemical properties. Soil Till Res, 2000, 53: 129-135

[5] Kong H-M(孔宏敏), He Y-Q(何圆球), Wu D-F(吴大付), Li C-L(李成亮). Effect of long-term fertilization on crop yield and soil fertility of upland red soil. Chin J Appl Ecol (应用生态学报), 2004, 15(5): 782-786(in Chinese with English abstract)

[6] Lu J-W(鲁剑巍), Chen F(陈防), Liang Y-G(梁友光), Lu J-M(鲁君明). Effect of phosphorus and potassium fertilizer on economic benefit and yield of forage grass. Reservoir Fish (水利渔业), 2003, 23(2): 58-59(in Chinese)

[7] Lu J-W(鲁剑巍), Li X-K(李小坤), Liang Y-G(梁友光), Lu J-M(鲁君明), Chen F(陈防). Effect of balance fertilization on growth and yield of Ryegrass. Reservoir Fish (水利渔业), 2004, 24(2): 20-22(in Chinese)

[8] Wang J-Q(王激清), Liu Q-Q(刘全清), Ma W-Q(马文奇), Jiang R-F(江荣凤), Zhang F-S(张福锁). Utilization and rational control measures of nutrient resources in China. Resour Sci (资源科学), 2005, 27(3): 47-53(in Chinese with English abstract)

[9] Liu Z-H(刘兆辉), Jiang L-H(江丽华), Zhang W-J(张文君), Zheng F-L(郑福丽), Wang M(王梅), Li H-T(林海涛). Evolution of fertilization and variation of soil nutrient contents in greenhouse vegetable cultivation in Shandong. Acta Pedol Sin (土壤学报), 2008, 45(2): 296-303(in Chinese with English abstract)

[10] Zhu Z-L(朱兆良). Loss of fertilizer N from plants-soil system and the strategies and techniques for its reduction. Soil Environ Sci (土壤与环境), 2000, 9(1): 1-6(in Chinese with English abstract)

[11] Buciene A, Svedas A, Antanaitis S. Balances of the major nutrients N, P and K at the farm and field level and some possibilities to improve comparisons between actual and estimated crop yields. Eur J Agron, 2003, 20: 53-62

[12] Haefele S M, Wopereis M C, Schloebohm A M, Wiechmann H. Long-term fertility experiments for irrigated rice in the West African Sahel: Effect on soil characteristics. Field Crops Res, 2004, 85: 61-77

[13] Zeng Y-J(曾勇军), Shi Q-H(石庆华), Pan X-H(潘晓华), Han T(韩涛). Effects of nitrogen application amount on characteristics of nitrogen utilization and yield formation in high yielding early hybrid rice. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2008, 34(8): 1409-1416(in Chinese with English abstract)

[14] Tu G-W(徐国伟), Yang L-N(杨立年), Wang Z-Q(王志琴), Liu L-J(刘立军), Yang J-C(杨建昌). Effects of wheat-residue application and site-specific nitrogen management on absorption and utilization of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium in rice plants. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2008, 34(8): 1424-1434(in Chinese with English abstract)

[15] Bao S-D(鲍士旦). Soil and Agricultural Chemistry Analysis (土壤农业化学分析). Beijing: China Agriculture Press, 2000(in Chinese)

[16] Huang Q-R(黄欠如), Hu F(胡锋), Li H-X(李辉信), Lai T(赖涛), Yuan Y-H(袁颖红). Crop yield response to fertilization and its relations with climate and soil fertility in red paddy soil. Acta Pedol Sin (土壤学报), 2006, 43(6): 926-933(in Chinese with English abstract)

[17] Zhang W-X(张卫星), Zhu D-F(朱德峰), Xu Y-C(徐一成), Lin X-Q(林贤青), Zhang Y-P(张玉屏), Chen H-Z(陈惠哲), Zhao Z(赵致). Grain morphological traits measured based on vision detection technology and their relation to grain weight in rice under different water condition. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2008, 34(10): 1826-1835(in Chinese with English abstract)

[18] Fan X-D(樊晓东), Sun Z-H(孙在红), Qian Z-H(钱珍华). Factors that affect pasture biomass production. Pratacult Sci (草业科学), 2003, 20(10): 33-36 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[19] Wassenaar T, Lagacherie P, Legros J P, Rounsevell M D A. Modelling wheat yield responses to soil and climate variability at the regional scale. Climate Res, 1999, 11: 209-220

[20] Sun B-P(孙本普), Wang Y(王勇), Li X-Y(李秀云), Liu F(刘锋), Wang J-H(王继诰), Zhang B-M(张宝民), Sun Z-G(孙在刚), Qu B-S(曲百收), Yuan X-C(袁训成), Li M(李萌). The influence of climate and cultivation on the yield components of winter wheat in different years. J Triticeae Crops (麦类作物学报), 2004, 24(2): 83-87(in Chinese with English abstract)

[21] Zhang T-R(张钛仁), Yang L-D(颜亮东), Zhang F(张峰), Li C-S(李朝生), Dong Z-H(董章杭), Chai X-M(柴秀梅), Li Z-Z(李自珍). The impacts of climate change on the natural pasture grass in Qinghai Province. Plateau Meteorol (高原气象), 2007, 26(4): 724-731(in Chinese with English abstract)

[22] Wang X-L(王小利), Zhang L(张力), Zhang D-G(张德罡), Gan Y-M(干友民), Xu G-P(徐广平), Yang Y-H(杨予海), Miao X-L(苗小林), Zhou X-H(周学辉), Deng C-H(邓春辉), Guan Q-Z(官却扎西). Quantitative characters of reproductive organs of natural El ymus excelsus population in Songnen Plains of China.Grassland and Turf(草原与草坪), 2006, (4): 15-21(in Chinese with English abstract)

[23] Yu W-T(宇万太), Yu Y-Q(于永强). Advances in the research of underground biomass. Chin J Appl Ecol (应用生态学报), 2001, 12(6): 927-932(in Chinese with English abstract)

[24] Wang C-Y(王春乙), Guo J-P(郭建平), Wang X-L(王修兰), Xu S-H(徐师华), Cui D-C(崔读昌), Liang H(梁红). The experimental study of the effects of CO2 concentration enrichment on physiological feature of C3 and C4 crops. Acta Agron Sin (作物学报), 2000, 26(6): 813-817(in Chinese with English abstract)
[1] XIAO Jian, CHEN Si-Yu, SUN Yan, YANG Shang-Dong, TAN Hong-Wei. Characteristics of endophytic bacterial community structure in roots of sugarcane under different fertilizer applications [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(5): 1222-1234.
[2] FANG Yan-Jie, ZHANG Xu-Cheng, HOU Hui-Zhi, YU Xian-Feng, WANG Hong-Li, MA Yi-Fan, ZHANG Guo-Ping, LEI Kang-Ning. Effects of whole soil-plastic mulching system and fertilization rates on water consumption characteristics and yield of tartary buckwheat in arid land [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2021, 47(6): 1149-1161.
[3] LIU Yan-Lan, GUO Xian-Shi, ZHANG Xu-Cheng, MA Ming-Sheng, WANG Hong-Kang. Effects of planting density and fertilization on dry matter accumulation, yield and water-fertilizer utilization of dryland potato [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2021, 47(2): 320-331.
[4] HUANG Heng, JIANG Heng-Xin, LIU Guang-Ming, YUAN Jia-Qi, WANG Yuan, ZHAO Can, WANG Wei-Ling, HUO Zhong-Yang, XU Ke, DAI Qi-Gen, ZHANG Hong-Cheng, LI De-Jian, LIU Guo-Lin. Effects of side deep placement of nitrogen on rice yield and nitrogen use efficiency [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2021, 47(11): 2232-2249.
[5] HOU Hong-Qian,LIN Hong-Xin,LIU Xiu-Mei,JI Jian-Hua,LIU Yi-Ren,LAN Xian-Jin,LYU Zhen-Zhen,ZHOH Wei-Jun. Influence of long-term fertilizer application on chlorophyll fluorescence characteristics and grain yield of double cropping late rice [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2020, 46(02): 280-289.
[6] CHEN Hong-Fei, PANG Xiao-Min, ZHANG Ren, ZHANG Zhi-Xing, XU Qian-Hua, FANG Chang-Xun, LI Jing-Yong, LIN Wen-Xiong . Effects of Different Irrigation and Fertilizer Application Regimes on Soil Enzyme Activities and Microbial Functional Diversity in Rhizosphere of Ratooning Rice [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2017, 43(10): 1507-1517.
[7] ZHANG Jian-Jun*,FAN Ting-Lu,ZHAO Gang,DANG Yi,WANG Lei,LI Shang-Zhong. Yield and Water Use Efficiency of Winter Wheat in Response to Long-Term Application of Organic fertilizer from Different Nitrogen Resources Replacing Partial Chemical Nitrogen in Dry Land of Eastern Gansu Province [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2017, 43(07): 1077-1086.
[8] CHEN Dan-Mei,YUAN Ling,HUANG Jian-Guo,JI Jian-Hua,HOU Hong-Qian,LIU Yi-Ren. Influence of Long-term Fertilizations on Nutrients and Fungal Communities in Typical Paddy Soil of South China [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2017, 43(02): 286-295.
[9] ZHANG Yu-Jiao,LI Jun,GUO Zheng,YUE Zhi-Fang. Simulating Wheat Yield and Soil Moisture under Alternative No-tillage and Subsoil Tillage in Response to Fertilization Levels in Weibei Highlands [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2015, 41(11): 1726-1739.
[10] MENG Tian-Yao,XU Jun-Wei,SHAO Zi-Bin,GE Meng-Jie2,ZHANG Hong-Cheng,WEI Hai-Yan,DAI Qi-Gen,HUO Zhong-Yang,XU Ke,GUO Bao-Wei,JING Pei-Pei. Advantages and Their Formation Characteristics of the Highest Population Productivity of Nitrogen Fertilization in Japonica/Indica Hybrid Rice of Yongyou Series [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2015, 41(11): 1711-1725.
[11] SUN De-Xiang,MA Dong-Yun*,WANG Chen-Yang,LI Yao-Guang,LIU Wei-Xing,LI Qiu-Xia,FENG Wei,GUO Tian-Cai*. Effects of Irrigation and Nitrogen on Antioxidant Contents in Yumai 49-198 Grains [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2014, 40(11): 2046-2051.
[12] SHI Chun-Yan,SHEN Jia-Heng*,LI Wei. Double Fertilization and Duration of Phases in Peanut (Arachis hgpogaea L.) [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2014, 40(08): 1513-1519.
[13] WANG Yi-Lun,SU Rui-Guang,LIU Ju,HAN Yan-Lai,LU Yan-Li,BAI You-Lu,TAN Jin-Fang. Effects of Nutrient Expert Recommend Fertilization on Yield and Fertilizer Efficiency of Summer Maize in Fluvo-Aquic Soil [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2014, 40(03): 563-569.
[14] LI Wei,SHEN Jia-Heng,GUO De-Dong. Ultrastructure of Central Cell before and after Fertilization in Sugar Beet (Beta vulgaris) [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2014, 40(01): 166-173.
[15] LI Zhong-Fang,XU Ming-Gang,ZHANG Hui-Min,SUN Nan,LOU Yi-Lai. Yield Trends of Double Rice under Long-Term Fertilizations in Southern China [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2013, 39(05): 943-949.
Full text



No Suggested Reading articles found!