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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2017, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (07): 1077-1086.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2017.01077


Yield and Water Use Efficiency of Winter Wheat in Response to Long-Term Application of Organic fertilizer from Different Nitrogen Resources Replacing Partial Chemical Nitrogen in Dry Land of Eastern Gansu Province

ZHANG Jian-Jun*,FAN Ting-Lu,ZHAO Gang,DANG Yi,WANG Lei,LI Shang-Zhong   

  1. Institute of Dryland Agriculture, Gansu Academy of Agricultural Sciences / Key Laboratory of High Efficiency Water Utilization of Dry Land Farming, Lanzhou 730070, China
  • Received:2016-01-28 Revised:2017-03-01 Online:2017-07-12 Published:2017-04-11
  • Contact: Zhang Jianjun, E-mail: hnszhjj@163.com
  • Supported by:

    This study was funded by the National Key Technology R&D Development Program of China (2015BAD22B02-02, 2012BAD09B03) and the Dryland Crop Nutrition and Fertilization Experiment Station.


The objective of this study was to find the possibility of organic fertilizers replacing partial chemical fertilizer continuous winter wheat cropping system through evaluating yield and water use efficiency (WUE). Using in winter wheat variety “Longjian 301”, we carried out a ten-year field experiment in the Loess Plateau of eastern Gansu province with two controls (no-fertilizer and chemical fertilizer) and three treatments of organic fertilizer (fermented organic fertilizer, farm manure, and wheat straw) replacing partial chemical fertilizer. The yield and water use efficacy of winter wheat varied greatly across years, with a direct effect of precipitation amount on them. Organic fertilizer replacing partial chemical fertilizer had positive effects on winter wheat yield and WUE, and the yield-increased rates were 53.1%–103.7%, 40.3%–79.3%, and 73.1%–94.8% over the no-fertilizer control and 6.6%–41.8%, 7.0%–36.8%, and ?2.9% to 9.3% compared with chemical fertilizer control in dry, normal and wet year, respectively. Among all treatments, the fermented organic fertilizer treatment showed the highest yield and WUE, as well as the largest yield-increased rate. In this treatment, the average yield of 10 years increased by 88.9% and 25.4% compared with no-fertilizer and the chemical fertilizer controls, respectively, and WUE and marginal water use efficiency were 10.8 kg mm?1 hm?2 and 1.03 kg m?3, respectively. Meanwhile, the yield components and plant physiological parameters in this treatment were also superior to those in other treatments. As a result, we suggest fermented organic fertilizer replacing partial chemical fertilizer in the semi-humid rain-fed area of eastern Gansu province, where annual precipitation is around 550 mm.

Key words: Dry Loess Pleatu, Continuous cropping winter wheat, Long-term fixed fertilization, Yield, Soil water efficiency

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