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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2010, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (2): 354-360.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2010.00354

• RESEARCH ACTIVITIES • Previous Articles     Next Articles

The Response of Indica Hybrid Rice Released at Different Periods to Nitrogen Application Level

WANG Dan-Ying1,XU Chun-Mei1,YUAN Jiang1,2,ZHAO Feng1,2,LIAO Xi-Yuan1,ZHANG Xiu-Fu1,*

  1. 1 China National Rice Research Institute, Hangzhou 310006, China; 2 Key Laboratory of Southern Crop Physiology and Ecology, Ministry of Agriculture / Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
  • Received:2009-09-27 Revised:2009-10-09 Online:2010-02-10 Published:2009-12-21
  • Contact: ZHANG Xiu-Fu,E-mail:zhangxf169@sohu.com;Tel:0571-63370584


Nitrogen is one of the most important macro elements; nitrogen use efficiency is affected by variety, nitrogen application level, application method and water management. In this paper, 16 three-line indica hybrid combinations released during 1976–2006 were widely planted in hybrid rice growing region with three nitrogen application levels in Fuyang, Zhejiang province. Yield and its components, indexes of rice N accumulation and translocation, and N use efficiency were analyzed. The results were as follows: (1) the former (released before 1985) and the middle (released between 1983 and 1993) combinations were more sensitive to nitrogen than the latter varieties (released after 1993), the yield of the former combination increased largely when 135 kg ha-1 nitrogen was applied, while the yield of the latter combination increased significantly till 255 kg ha-1 nitrogen was applied. (2) Nitrogen application increased the amount of N accumulation in plant. When nitrogen was applied at 135 kg ha-1, the increase of N content in stem, leaf and panicle is close to each other between combinations at different periods; when nitrogen was applied at 255 kg ha-1, N accumulation amount increased largely before flowering in the former combinations, while after flowering in the latter combinations. Nitrogen application did not affect the translocation rate in the former combinations, but dropped it largely in the latter combinations when nitrogen was applied from 135 kg ha-1 to 255 kg ha-1. (3) Nitrogen agronomic efficiency (NAE), partial factor productivity of applied N (PFP), nitrogen recovery efficiency (NRE) and physiological efficiency (NPE) decreased in the former combinations, when nitrogen was applied from 135 kg ha-1 to 255 kg ha-1, while NAE and PFP increased, NPE changed little in the latter combinations. (4) Correlation analysis showed AE, PFP positively corrected with plant nitrogen accumulation content, grain yield and biomass at P<0.01, only NPE positively correlated with NAE at P<0.05 at 135 kg ha-1 nitrogen application level, while both NPE and NRE positively correlated with NAE at P<0.05 at 255 kg ha-1 nitrogen application level.

Key words: Three-line indica hybrid rice, Cultivar releasing period, Nitrogen use efficiency

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