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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2010, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (3): 385-390.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2010.00385


Genetic Improvement of Wheat Growth Habit and Its Molecular Marker-Assisted Selection in Yellow and Huai River Reaches

ZHANG Jing1, WU Suo-Wei1, LIU Bing-Hua1, SONG Mei-Fang2, ZHOU Peng1, GUO Chun-Yan3, ZHAN Ke-Hui3, WANG Shan-Hong1, YANG Li1, DONG Dong1, YU Li-Qiang4, LI Hui-Li4, ZHOU Yang1,*, and YANG Jian-Ping1,*   

  1. 1Key Facility for Crop Gene Resources and Genetic Improvement/Institute of Crop Sciences,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Beijing 100081,China;2Vegetable Research Institute,Shandong Academy of Agricultural sciences,Jinan 250100,China;3College of Agronomy,Henan Agricultural University,Zhengzhou 450002,China;4Zhaoxian Agricultural Research Institute of Hebei Province,Shijiazhuang 051530.China
  • Received:2009-10-09 Revised:2010-01-08 Online:2010-03-12 Published:2010-01-22
  • Contact: ZHOU Yang,E-mail: zhouyang@mail.caas.net.cn, Tel: 010-82108628; YANG Jian-ping, E-mail: yangjianping@caas.net.cn, Tel: 010-82105859


The vernalizatioin gene in wheat cultivar Shimai 12 (Triticum aestivum L.) was investigated to find a more efficient way for the improvement of growth habit of wheat cultivars grown in Yellow and Huai River Reaches. In the F2:3 lines derived from the cross between Shimai 12 and Shijiazhuang 8 (a winter wheat cultivar), the ratio of the spring, segregating, and winter lines was in accordance to 1:2:1 based on chi-square test, showing that the spring growth habit of Shimai 12 was determined by single dominant gene, which was identified as Vrn-D1 by gene-specific markers. The Vrn-D1 gene-specific marker was further used to genotype the F2:3 lines, and the results were consistent with phenotyping, verifying the available utilization of the marker assisted selection for Vrn-D1 in breeding programs. Besides, summer sowing in high altitude and cool area proved to be a cost-saving and efficient method for wheat growth habit identification.

Key words: Wheat breeding, Vernalization gene, Molecular marker

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