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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2011, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (12): 2194-2207.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2011.02194


Effects of “Sanding” Cultivation Method on Nutrient Uptake and Nitrogen Use Efficiency in Double Cropping Super Rice

JIANG Peng, HUANG Min, Md. Ibrahim, ZENG Yan, XIA Bing, SHI Wan-Ju, XIE Xiao-Bing,ZOU Ying-Bin*   

  1. College of Agronomy, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha 410128, China?
  • Received:2011-04-13 Revised:2011-07-25 Online:2011-12-12 Published:2011-09-29
  • Contact: 邹应斌, E-mail: ybzou123@126.com

Abstract: To determine the uptake and utilization pattern of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) in double cropping super rice, we conducted a field experiment in Changsha and Liuyang city, Hunan province, China during 2008–2010. N, P, and K uptake and utilization of super early rice Luliangyou 996 and Lingliangyou 268 and super late rice Tianyouhuazhan and Fengyuanyou 299 were compared among “Sanding” cultivation method (quantify the target yield, quantify the population indexes and quantify the cultivation techniques), no-tillage and seedling broadcasting, and traditional cultivation method. Compared with traditional cultivation method, N, P and K accumulations by “Sanding” cultivation method were less at mid-tillering, almost the same at panicle initiation, and more at full heading (average amount of N, P and K uptake was 10.71, 2.23, and 11.82 g m-2 in early rice, and 12.25, 2.69, and 16.37 g m-2 in late rice, respectively) and maturity (average amount of N, P and K uptake was 13.61, 3.01, and 13.71 g m-2 in early rice, and 17.16, 3.31, and 18.31 g m-2 in late rice, respectively). Average nitrogen use efficiency with “Sanding” cultivation method [53.40 kg kg-1, 55.98%, and 22.27 kg kg-1 of partial factor productivity, nitrogen recovery efficiency (REN) and nitrogen agronomic efficiency (AEN), respectively] was higher than that with traditional cultivation method by 29.00%, 88.20%, and 46.67%, respectively. N, P and K accumulation by “Sanding” cultivation method was similar to that by no-tillage and seedling broadcasting. However, average partial factor productivity, REN and AEN with “Sanding” cultivation method were 6.29%, 6.12%, and 15.19% higher than those with no-tillage and seedling broadcasting, respectively. Thus, nitrogen use efficiency could be improved by adoption of “Sanding” cultivation method in double rice production in South China.

Key words: Super rice, Nutrient absorption, Nitrogen use efficiency, Cultivation

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