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Acta Agron Sin ›› 2014, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (07): 1259-1273.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2014.01259


Comprehensive Valuation of Drought Resistance and Screening of Indices of Important Flax Cultivars

LUO Jun-Jie1,OU Qiao-Ming1,*,YE Chun-Lei1,WANG Fang1,WANG Yong-Zhen2,CHEN Yu-Liang1,*   

  1. 1 Biotechnology Institute, Gansu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Lanzhou 730070, China; 2 College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou 730070, China
  • Received:2013-11-18 Revised:2014-03-04 Online:2014-07-12 Published:2014-04-09
  • Contact: 欧巧明, E-mail: ouqiaoming@163.com, Tel: 0931-7612685; 陈玉梁, E-mail: chenyl925@163.com, Tel: 0931-7616636


Seven main agronomic traits, eight physiological indices and yield index of 15 main flax cultivars in China were measured during maturity under the conditions of irrigation and natural rainfall. Comprehensive drought resistance coefficient (CDC value), factor analysis, subordinate function coefficients, clustering analysis, grey relational analysis were used to evaluate the drought resistance, classify drought resistance type and select evaluation indices in tested flax cultivars. The response to drought stress and correlations of tested traits and indices were different. Yield and photosynthesis factors as well as leaf antioxidant factors were closely associated with drought resistance, so could be used as priority indicator of drought resistance evaluation. Factor analysis showed that six common factors could represent 90.89% of the original information of flax drought resistance data. The ranks of drought resistance of tested flax cultivars based on drought resistance comprehensive evaluation values (D value) and weight drought resistance coefficient (WDC value) were similar, the drought resistance was the same for six flax cultivars, arranging from the first to third in drought resistance. D values of tested flax cultivars had significant and positive correlation with CDC value, WDC value and Y value. Y values of tested flax cultivars also had very significant and positive correlation with CDC value and WDC value. According to D value clustering analysis, tested cultivars were divided into five grades in drought resistance, reflecting the diffirence of cultivars in breeding condition and adaptive region growing well. Drought resistance evaluated mainly with yield by D value as index and WDC value as auxiliary index in flax were appropriate and accurate. Drought resistance comprehensive evaluation methods can be used in studying exactly drought resistance evaluation, classification of drought resistant type and screening evaluation indices in flax.

Key words: Flax, Agronomic traits, Physiological and biochemical indices, Drought resistance comprehensive evaluation, Subordinate function coefficients

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