Welcome to Acta Agronomica Sinica,

Acta Agron Sin ›› 2016, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (03): 427-436.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1006.2016.00427


Tillering and Panicle Formation Characteristics of Machine-transplanted Early Rice and Its Parameters of Basic Population Formulae

LÜ Wei-Sheng,ZENG Yong-Jun*,SHI Qing-Hua,PAN Xiao-Hua,HUANG Shan,SHANG Qing-Yin,TAN Xue-Ming,LI Mu-Ying,HU Shui-Xiu   

  1. Collaborative Innovation Center for the Modernization Production of Double Cropping Rice, Jiangxi Agricultural University / Key Laboratory of Crop Physiology, Ecology and Genetic Breeding, Ministry of Education / Jiangxi Key Laboratory of Crop Physiology, Ecology and Genetic Breeding, Nanchang 330045, China?
  • Received:2015-05-28 Revised:2015-11-20 Online:2016-03-12 Published:2015-12-18
  • Contact: 曾勇军, E-mail: zengyj2002@163.com E-mail:Lvweisheng2008@163.com
  • Supported by:

    This study was supported by the Key Project of the National Twelfth-Five Year Research Program of China (2011BAD16B04), Special Fund for Agro-Scientific Research in the Public Interest (201303102), National Transformation Fund for Agricultural Science and Technology Achievements (2013GB2C500244), Science and Technology Plan of Action for Universities and Colleges in Jiangxi Province (KJLD12003), Special Fund for Rice Industry System of Jiangxi Province (JXARS-02-03), Special Fund Project for Graduate Student Innovation in Jiangxi Province (YC2014-B034) and Innovation Team Project for Efficient Cultivation Technology of Rice of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences.


To accurately determine planting density and make reasonably use of tillers for machine-transplanted early rice, we examined the tillering and panicle formation characteristics and the parameters related to basic population formulae with four early rice combinations (Zhuliangyou 30, Zhuliangyou 189, Zhongjiazao 17, and Jiazao 311). Results showed that the primary tillers of the machine-transplanted early rice initiated mainly from leaf 3 to leaf 6 on main stems with leaves 4 and 5 being the superior positions for tiller initiation and panicle formation. Secondary tillers initiated mainly in 1/3, 2/3, 1/4, but could not form panicles. The panicle number per seedling was 3.1 and 2.2 for hybrid rice and inbred rice, respectively. Panicles at superior leaf positions on both main stems and tillers showed better properties and higher productivity, thus making greater contributions to the yield. For hybrid rice mechanically transplanted at the stage with 3 to 4 leaves, the leaf age without tillering (bn) was 1.7 to 1.8, with the correction factor (a) of −1.2 to −1.1 and the percentage of productive tillers (r) of 0.75. For inbred rice, the bn, a, and r were 2.5 to 2.7, −1.3 to −1.1, and 0.7, respectively. In conclusion, in order to obtain a high yield of machine-transplanted early rice, the key strategy is to ensure a sufficient number of basic seedlings, and promote tillering as early and many as possible, whereby increasing the percentage of productive tillers.

Key words: Machine-transplanted early rice, Tillering characteristics, Rules of panicle formation, Basic population, Parameters

[1]詹可, 邹应斌. 水稻分蘖特性及成穗规律研究进展. 作物研究, 2007, 21: 588−592

Zhan K, Zou Y B. Research progress in tillering characteristics and panicle laws of rice. Crop Res, 2007, 21: 588−592 (in Chinese)

[2]凌启鸿. 作物群体质量. 上海: 上海科学技术出版社, 2000. pp 107−149

Ling Q H. The Quality of Crop Population. Shanghai: Shanghai Scientific and Technical Publishers, 2000. pp 107−149 (in Chinese)

[3]凌启鸿. 水稻精确定量栽培理论与技术. 北京: 中国农业出版社, 2007. pp 76−91

Ling Q H. Theory and Technology of Rice Precision and Quantitative Cultivar. Beijing: China Agriculture Press, 2007. pp 76−91 (in Chinese)

[4]莫惠栋. 根据主茎叶龄计算稻麦理论分蘖数的公式. 中国农业科学, 1983, 16(2): 33−36

Mo H D. Formulae for calculating the theoretic number of tillers in rice, wheat and barley according to main culm leaf-age. Sci Agric Sin, 1983, 16(2): 33−36 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[5]莫惠栋. 关于稻麦理论分蘖数计算公式的一些补充. 作物学报, 1992, 18: 312−316

Mo H D. A supplement for the calculation of theoretical number of tillers in riee, wheat and barley. Acta Agron Sin, 1992, 18: 312−316 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[6]李刚华, 王绍华, 杨从党, 黄庆宇, 李德安, 宁加朝, 凌启鸿, 丁艳锋. 超高产水稻适宜单株成穗数的定量计算. 中国农业科学, 2008, 41: 3556−3562

Li G H, Wang S H, Yang C D, Huang Q Y, Li D A, Ning J C, Ling Q H, Ding Y F. Quantitative calculation of optimum panicle number per plant of super high-yield rice. Sci Agric Sin, 2008, 41: 3556−3562 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[7]蒋彭炎, 姚长溪, 任正龙. 水稻高产新技术——稀、少、平栽培的原理与应用. 杭州: 浙江科学技术出版社, 1989. pp 26−30

Jiang P Y, Yao C X, Ren Z L. New High-yield Cultivation Technique of Rice—Principle and Application of Thin, Less, Flat Cultivation Technique. Hangzhou: Zhejiang Science and Technology Press, 1989. pp 26−30 (in Chinese)

[8]潘晓华, 陈小荣, 杨福孙. 双季水稻塑盘旱育抛栽基本苗公式的建立. 中国水稻科学, 2006, 20: 290−294

Pan X H, Chen X R, Yang F S. Formula about basic population under scattered—Planting with dry-raised seedling in plastic trays for double-season rice. Chin J Rice Sci, 2006, 20: 290−294 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[9]霍中洋. 长江中游地区双季早稻超高产形成特征及精确定量栽培关键技术研究. 扬州大学博士学位论文, 江苏扬州, 2010

Huo Z Y. Study on Super-high Yield Formational Characteristics of Early Rice in the Double-cropping System in the Middle Reaches of the Yangtze River and Its key Techniques of Precise and Quantitative Cultivation. PhD Dissertation of Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, China, 2010 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[10]李荣田, 崔成焕, 姜廷波, 秋太权, 龚振平. 水稻品种分蘖特性对产量影响分析. 东北农业大学学报, 1996, 27(1): 9−14

Li R T, Cui C H, Jiang T B, Qiu T Q, Gong Z P. Analysis of effect of tillering traits on yielding among rice varieties. J Northeast Agric Univ, 1996, 27(1): 9−14 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[11]李杰, 张洪程, 龚金龙, 常勇, 吴桂成, 郭振华, 戴其根, 霍中洋, 许轲, 魏海燕. 稻麦两熟地区不同栽培方式超级稻分蘖特性及其与群体生产力的关系. 作物学报, 2011, 37: 309−320

Li J, Zhang H C, Gong J L, Chang Y, Wu G C, Guo Z H, Dai Q G, Huo Z Y, Xu K, Wei H Y. Tillering characteristics and its relationships with population productivity of super rice under different cultivation methods in rice-wheat cropping areas. Acta Agron Sin, 2011, 37: 309–320 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[12]袁奇, 于林惠, 石世杰, 邵建国, 丁艳锋. 机插秧每穴栽插苗数对水稻分蘖与成穗的影响. 农业工程学报, 2007, 23(10): 121−125

Yuan Q, Yu L H, Shi S J, Shao J G, Ding Y F. Effects of different quantities of planting seedlings per hill on outgrowth and tiller production for machine-transplanted rice. Trans CSAE, 2007, 23(10): 121−125 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[13]乔晶, 王强盛, 王绍华, 刘正辉, 郝正华, 丁艳锋. 机插杂交粳稻基本苗数对分蘖发生与成穗的影响. 南京农业大学学报, 2010, 33(1): 6−10

Qiao J, Wang Q S, Wang S H, Liu Z H, Hao Z H, Ding Y F. Effects of basic seedlings on tiller emerging and earbearing of machine-transplanted hybrid japonica rice. J Nanjing Agric Univ, 2010, 33(1): 6−10 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[14]凌励. 机插水稻分蘖发生特点及配套高产栽培技术改进的研究. 江苏农业科学, 2005, (3): 14−19

Ling L. Study on tillering characteristics and improvement of the matching high-yielding cultivation techniques for mechanical transplanting rice. J Jiangsu Agric Sci, 2005, (3): 14−19 (in Chinese)

[15]韩正光, 韩国华, 于秀梅, 吕元荣, 王登宇. 机插水稻分蘖发生特点及其成穗规律研究. 上海农业科技, 2003, (5): 24−25

Han Z G, Han G H, Yu X M, Lü Y R, Wang D Y. Study on characteristics of tillering emerging and panicle law of mechanical transplanting rice. Shanghai Agric Sci Technol, 2003, (5): 24−25 (in Chinese)

[16]郭振华, 荆爱霞, 李华, 王永芳, 於永杰, 钱宗华, 李杰, 钱银飞, 霍中洋, 张洪程. 南方粳型超级稻不同方式超高产栽培的分蘖特性及其与产量形成的关系. 中国稻米, 2012, 18(1): 45–49

Guo Z H, Jing A X, Li H, Wang Y F, Yu Y J, Qian Z H, Li J, Qian Y F, Huo Z Y, Zhang H C. Tillering characteristics and its relationships with population productivity of super japonica rice under different cultivation methods in south. China Rice, 2012, 18(1): 45–49 (in Chinese)

[17]张洪程, 龚金龙. 中国水稻种植机械化高产农艺研究现状及发展探讨. 中国农业科学, 2014, 47: 1273−1289

Zhang H C, Gong J L. Research status and development discussion on high-yielding agronomy of mechanized planting rice in China. Sci Agric Sin, 2014, 47: 1273–1289 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[18]陈惠哲, 朱德峰, 林贤青, 张玉屏. 稀植条件下杂交稻分蘖成穗规律和穗粒结构研究. 杂交水稻, 2004, 19(6): 51−54

Chen H Z, Zhu D F, Lin X Q, Zhang Y P. Studies on the tillering dynamics and panicle formation and composition of panicles of hybrid rice under sparse transplanting density. Hybrid Rice, 2004, 19(6): 51−54 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[19]祁玉良, 石守设, 鲁伟林, 余新春, 何道君, 余明慧, 胡建涛. 不同栽植密度杂交稻分蘖成穗规律及其穗部性状研究. 中国农学通报, 2006, 22(5): 177−181

Qi Y L, Shi S S, Lu W L, Yu X C, He D J, Yu M H, Hu J T. Studies on the characters of panicle and its formation rules from tillers of hybrid rice at different transplanting densities. Chin Agric Sci Bull, 2006, 22(5): 177−181 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[20]周汉良, 王玉珍, 甄英肖, 丁秀兰, 宁文书, 郑秋玲. 水稻蘖位优势的形成规律与高产利用研究. 华北农学报, 1998, 13(1): 57−60

Zhou H L, Wang Y Z, Zhen Y X, Ding X L, Ning W S, Zheng Q L. Formation of the superiority of rice tillering positions and its utilization for high yield. Acta Agric Boreali-Sin, 1998, 13(1): 57−60 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[21]周汉良, 鲁学林, 郑秋玲. 水稻中位蘖的分蘖规律与生产力研究. 华北农学报, 2000, 15(2): 112−117

Zhou H L, Lu X L, Zheng Q L. Studies on tiller regularity of middle tillering part and productive forces of rice. Acta Agric Boreali-Sin, 2000, 15(2): 112−117 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[22]韦还和, 李超, 张洪程, 孙玉海, 孟天瑶, 杨筠文, 马荣荣, 王晓燕, 戴其根, 霍中洋, 许轲, 魏海燕. 水稻甬优12超高产群体分蘖特性及其与群体生产力的关系. 作物学报, 2014, 40: 1819−1829

Wei H H, Li C, Zhang H C, Sun Y H, Meng T Y, Yang J W, Ma R R, Wang X Y, Dai Q G, Huo Z Y, Xu K, Wei H Y. Tillering characteristics and its relationship with population productivity of super-high yield rice population of Yongyou 12. Acta Agron Sin, 2014, 40: 1819−1829 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[23]Samonte S O P B, Wilson L T, Tabien R E. Maximum node production rate and main culm node number contributions to yield and yield-related traits in rice. Field Crops Res. 2006, 96: 313−319

[24]Mohapatra P K, Kariali E. Time of emergence determines the pattern of dominance of rice tillers. Aust J Crop Sci, 2008, 1(2): 53−62

[25]蒋彭炎. 科学种稻新技术. 北京: 金盾出版社, 1999. pp 5−8

Jiang P Y. Scientific and New Cultivation Technique of Rice. Beijing: Jindun Press, 1999. pp 5−8 (in Chinese)

[26]李冬霞, 隗溟, 廖学群. 水稻不同节位和数量分蘖对经济产量的作用. 西南农业大学学报(自然科学版), 2006, 28: 366−368

Li D X, Wei M, Liao X Q. Effects of tillering position and tiller number on economic yield of paddy rice. J Southwest Agric Univ (Nat Sci Edn), 2006, 28: 366−368 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[27]李刚华, 于林惠, 侯朋福, 王绍华, 刘正辉, 王强盛, 凌启鸿, 丁艳锋. 机插水稻适宜基本苗定量参数的获取与验证. 农业工程学报, 2012, 28(8): 98−104

Li G H, Yu L H, Hou P F, Wang S H, Liu Z H, Wang Q S, Ling Q H, Ding Y F. Calculation and verification of quantitative parameters of optimal planting density of machine-transplant rice. Trans CSAE, 2012, 28(8): 98−104 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[28]叶厚专, 李艳大, 沈显华, 古新序, 药林桃, 舒时富, 万鹏, 江向荣, 王水发, 尹国庆. 不同机插行距对水稻产量的影响. 中国农机化, 2012, (4): 59−62

Ye H Z, Li Y D, Shen X H, Gu X X, Yao L T, Shu S F, Wan P, Jiang X R, Wang S F, Yin G Q. Effects of different machine-transplanted row spacing on rice yield. Chin Agric Mechanization, 2012, (4): 59−62 (in Chinese with English abstract)

[29]朱德峰, 陈惠哲, 徐一成, 张玉屏. 我国双季稻生产机械化制约因子与发展对策. 中国稻米, 2013, 19(4): 1−4

Zhu D F, Chen H Z, Xu Y C, Zhang Y P. The countermeasures for development and constricting factors of mechanization of double rice planting in China. China Rice, 2013, 19(4): 1−4 (in Chinese)

[1] WANG Ze, ZHOU Qin-Yang, LIU Cong, MU Yue, GUO Wei, DING Yan-Feng, NINOMIYA Seishi. Estimation and evaluation of paddy rice canopy characteristics based on images from UAV and ground camera [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(5): 1248-1261.
[2] WANG Yang-Yang, HE Li, REN De-Chao, DUAN Jian-Zhao, HU Xin, LIU Wan-Dai, GU Tian-Cai, WANG Yong-Hua, FENG Wei. Evaluations of winter wheat late frost damage under different water based on principal component-cluster analysis [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(2): 448-462.
[3] XU Long-Long, YIN Wen, HU Fa-Long, FAN Hong, FAN Zhi-Long, ZHAO Cai, YU Ai-Zhong, CHAI Qiang. Effect of water and nitrogen reduction on main photosynthetic physiological parameters of film-mulched maize no-tillage rotation wheat [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(2): 437-447.
[4] MA Bo-Wen, LI Qing, CAI Jian, ZHOU Qin, HUANG Mei, DAI Ting-Bo, WANG Xiao, JIANG Dong. Physiological mechanisms of pre-anthesis waterlogging priming on waterlogging stress tolerance under post-anthesis in wheat [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2022, 48(1): 151-164.
[5] LI Jing, WANG Hong-Zhang, LIU Peng, ZHANG Ji-Wang, ZHAO Bin, REN Bai-Zhao. Differences in photosynthetic performance of leaves at post-flowering stage in different cultivation modes of summer maize (Zea mays L.) [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2021, 47(7): 1351-1359.
[6] WEI Huan-He,GE Jia-Lin,ZHANG Xu-Bin,MENG Tian-Yao,LU Yu,LI Xin-Yue,TAO Yuan,DING En-Hao,CHEN Ying-Long,DAI Qi-Gen. Tillering characteristics and its relationships with population productivity of japonica rice Nanjing 9108 under salinity stress [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2020, 46(8): 1238-1247.
[7] LI Zong-Fei,SU Ji-Xia,FEI Cong,LI Yang-Yang,LIU Ning-Ning,DAI Yu-Xiang,ZHANG Kai-Xiang,WANG Kai-Yong,FAN Hua,CHEN Bing. Estimation of total nitrogen content in sugarbeet leaves under drip irrigation based on hyperspectral characteristic parameters and vegetation index [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2020, 46(4): 557-570.
[8] Li-Li GUO,Xi-Xi ZHANG,Li-Hua HAO,Ya-Jun QIAO,Wen-Na CHEN,Yun-Ze LU,Fei LI,Xu CAO,Qing-Tao WANG,Yun-Pu ZHENG. Responses of leaf gas exchange to high temperature and drought combination as well as re-watering of winter wheat under doubling atmospheric CO2 concentration [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2019, 45(6): 949-956.
[9] Zhi-Gang NIE,Guang LI,Cui-Ping LUO,Wei-Wei MA,Yong-Qiang DAI. Parameter Optimization in APSIM-Based Simulation Model for Yield Formation of Dryland Wheat Using Shuffled Frog Leaping Algorithm [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2018, 44(8): 1229-1236.
[10] Wei-Sheng LYU,Yong-Jun ZENG,Qing-Hua SHI,Xiao-Hua PAN,Shan HUANG,Qing-Yin SHANG,Xue-Ming TAN,Mu-Ying LI,Shui-Xiu HU,Yan-Hua ZENG. Leaf-age-model Parameters and Characteristics of High-yield Cultivars of Machine-transplanted Double Cropping Rice [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2018, 44(12): 1844-1857.
[11] Hai-Xia WU,Li-Li GUO,Li-Hua HAO,Hao ZHANG,Qing-Tao WANG,Dong-Juan CHENG,Zheng-Ping PENG,Fei LI,Xi-Xi ZHANG,Shu-Bin LI,Ming XU,Yun-Pu ZHENG. Effects of Water and CO2 Concentration on Stomatal Traits, Leaf Gas Exchange, and Biomass of Winter Wheat [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2018, 44(10): 1570-1576.
[12] Rui-Xia WANG, Chang-Sheng YAN, Xiu-Ying ZHANG, Guo-Zhong SUN, Zhao-Guo QIAN, Xiao-Lei QI, Qiu-Huan MOU, Shi-He XIAO. Effect of Low Temperature in Spring on Yield and Photosynthetic Characteristics of Wheat [J]. Acta Agronomica Sinica, 2018, 44(02): 288-296.
[13] GAO Lin,YANG Gui-Jun,LI Chang-Chun,FENG Hai-Kuan,XU Bo,WANG Lei,DONG Jin-Hui,FU Kui. Application of an Improved Method in Retrieving Leaf Area Index Combined Spectral Index with PLSR in Hyperspectral Data Generated by Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Snapshot Camera [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2017, 43(04): 549-557.
[14] XU Yao-Zhao,ZENG Xiu-Cun,ZHANG Fen-Qin,SUN Jia,SUN Wan-Cang,WU Jun-Yan,FANG Yan,LIU Zi-Gang,SUN Bo-Lin. Response of Leaf Anatomical Structure and Photosynthetic Characteristics of Winter Turnip Rape (B. rapa L.) to Low Temperature before Winter [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2017, 43(03): 432-441.
[15] YANG Chuan-Bang,YU Zhen-Wen,ZHANG Yong-Li*,SHI Yu. Effect of Soil Depth with Supplemental Irrigation on Canopy Photosynthetically Active Radiation Interception andChlorophyll Fluorescence Parameters in Jimai 22 [J]. Acta Agron Sin, 2017, 43(02): 253-262.
Full text



No Suggested Reading articles found!